Tag: "decoding" at biology news

New method for reading DNA sheds light on basis of cell identity

... simultaneously. Single molecule-based methods for decoding DNA are now throwing open the doors to a plethora ...h Sciences and Technology graduate student. But by decoding its chromatin on a genomic scale, we can now begin to systematically address such questions. Our ...

NYU's Center for Comparative Functional Genomics part of $57 million MOD-ENCODE consortium

...tute (NHGRI) to lead one of the teams charged with decoding the genome. NHGRI is an institute within the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The award to Piano, a professor in NYUs Biology Department, and the nine other researchers leading genome centers across the nation, will create a consortium of scien...

Drivers and passengers on the road to cancer

...the human genome was sequenced, have now pioneered decoding the sequence of cancer genomes. They have carried ... but others are currently cryptic and will require decoding in the future. "This study vindicates all of the effort that went into the Human Genome Project," ...

Loss of a universal tRNA feature reported

...e tRNAHis. tRNAs are the molecules responsible for decoding sequence information specified by messenger RNA molecules, information which is ultimately encoded by the DNA template. tRNAHis is the specific tRNA that assists in incorporating the amino acid histidine into new proteins. Histidine residues make ...

Canadian researchers first to complete the human metabolome

... sort of data has been compiled into one spot. By decoding the human metabolome, we can identify and diagnose hundreds of diseases in a matter of seconds at a cost of pennies," Wishart added. ...

Science's breakthrough of the year -- The Poincar Theorem

...lling DNA out of Fossils: Using new techniques for decoding and analyzing DNA, researchers captured genetic information from Neanderthal and mammoth fossils. Shrinking Ice Sheets: Researchers documented a disturbing trend this year. The Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets are losing ice, at an ever faster r...

Control mechanism for biological pattern formation decoded

...Turing, who is also known for his participation in decoding the German Enigma code during WWII and his fundamental work on computer theory. Based on purely theoretical considerations, Turing proposed a reaction and diffusion mechanism between two chemical substances. Using mathematics, he proved that such a s...

Decoded sea urchin genome shows surprising relationship to humans

...edicine (BCM-HGSC) in Houston, announced today the decoding and analysis of the genome sequence of the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. The results are presented in the Nov. 10 issue of the journal Science, and 41 companion manuscripts describing further detailed analyses are contained in that jour...

Insight into evolution of adaptive immunity boosted by sea urchin genome sequencing

...g we may have more in common than we think. The decoding of the sea urchin genome featured in the Nov. 10 issue of the journal Science is accompanied by a companion article written by scientists from the University of Toronto, George Washington University, and the University of South Florida College of Med...

Decoded sea urchin genome shows surprising relationship to man

...edicine (BCM-HGSC) in Houston, announced today the decoding and analysis of the genome sequence of the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. The genome of a male California purple sea urchin was sequenced, and it contained over 814 million letters, spelling out 23,300 genes. Nearly 10,000 of the genes ...

A Wellcome brain gain for world leading neuroscience lab

...es. His team has also made the first steps towards decoding subliminal perception and the unconscious mind. By measuring brain activity when an object is shown briefly and subliminally to volunteers, the scientists were able to predict what was being shown even when it was invisible to the volunteers themselv...

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Oct. 18, 2006

... that researchers have made significant strides in decoding bacterial conversations, also known as quorum sensing, a phenomenon first discovered in the 1970s by a group of biologists who were exploring bioluminescent bacteria found in squid. By the 1990s, the concept of bacterial conversations had stimulated ...

UCI researcher named Pew Scholar

...esearch." The work in Tsai's laboratory focuses on decoding the mystery of polyketide synthases (PKSs), the enzymes that produce polyketide natural products. Polyketides are known to have more than a hundred functions in nature, from making flowers colorful to acting as defense mechanisms for microorganisms. ...

Researchers show how brain decodes complex smells

...hear a symphony. Humans may rely on the same smell decoding system, because mice and men have similar brain structures for scent, including an olfactory bulb, the researchers said. "We wanted to understand how the brain puts together scent signals to make an odor picture. We discovered the whole is the sum of...

20 of world's top women scientists honored in Paris for groundbreaking research in life sciences

...an is being honored for her lifetime commitment to decoding protein structures, one of the seminal accomplishments in immunology and a major step toward new HIV therapies. Professor Esther OROZCO (Mexico), Laureate for Latin America, "For her discovery of the mechanism and control of infections by amoebae i...

Bird calls may have meaning

...und a feeder and this is laying the foundation for decoding these sounds on a fine scale." Sturdy said this research will help learn in which social context black-capped chickadees will be more sensitive to a particular type of calls....

New and sharper X-rays of cell's ribosome could lead to better antibiotics

... only the intact machine, disrupting messenger RNA decoding or movement," said lead author Jamie Cate, assista...king genetic information relayed by messenger RNA, decoding it and spitting out proteins. Ribosomes are dispersed in the hundreds of thousands throughout the ce...

Cyberkinetics, Case to develop system to help restore extremity function

...ators from both teams have extensive experience in decoding cortical signals into multidimensional movement commands for real-time control of FES systems, computers, and robotic devices in experiments using monkeys. Together, the team has the potential to advance cortical interfaces into the world of restorat...

A step toward the $1,000 personal genome using readily available lab equipment

...ore accurate and less costly than a commercial DNA decoding technology reported earlier this week. The Church group's technology is based on converting a widely available and relatively inexpensive microscope with a digital camera for use in a rapid automated sequencing process that does not involve the much ...

The ultimate spa: embryonic body wash controls left-right development

...cal messengers involved in the right-left flow and decoding the messages that they carry. "This study not only gives us a fascinating insight into why we are asymmetric; it may also be at the root of how the human body plan is built," he said. The Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California...

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(Date:10/29/2014)... — Cambridge, MA and Hebei, China — BGI Tech ... quality sequencing of the Jujube genome. Jujube is the ... the Jujube genome is particularly difficult to sequence due ... It is the first time that a genome in ... has been recently published in Nature Communications ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... October 29, 2014 – Ghrelin is a hormone released ... intake. Alcohol is commonly viewed as a psychoactive substance ... a highly caloric food. , This knowledge, combined ... hypothesis that ghrelin has the potential to stimulate alcohol ... this in humans and found that, as they had ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... new study on a large cohort of kidney cancer ... of the disease -- and reveals an apparent link ... cancer, particularly in Romania. , The research, by an ... and Genome Quebec Innovation Centre in Montreal, underscores the ... acid. The compound, found in plants of the Aristolochia ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):BGI Tech and Hebei Agricultural University complete the genome sequencing of the jujube tree 2Ghrelin stimulates an appetite for drinking alcohol 2Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 2Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 3
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