Tag: "defined" at biology news

September/October 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...rmal caregivers. Currently, provider continuity is defined by visits over time to the same clinician. Buetow points out that many patients and informal caregivers are co-providers of health care and need to be included in the definition. He argues that provider continuity will not happen if different caregiv...

Does a time delay between prostate cancer diagnosis and start of radiation treatment matter?

...ith a minimum of two years. Time to treatment was defined by the interval between the first positive biopsy and the initiation of radiation therapy. Patients were categorized into four groups in relation to time to treatment: less than three months (n=589), three to six months (n=629), six to nine months ...

Report: How 10 top new technologies will help world reach globally-agreed goals by 2015

...d life years (one disability-adjusted life-year is defined as the loss of one year of healthy life to disease) could be saved for every 8 million deaths prevented, generating economic benefit of US$186 billion per year as of 2015. This would require additional annual health outlays, for all low-income countr...

Cooperation to create a new tuberculosis vaccine

...GEN AG in Berlin. Subunit vaccines are composed of defined molecular immunogenic modules. Under its director Prof. Dr. Stefan H. E. Kaufmann, the Department of Immunology at the MPI-IB is studying the mechanisms of host - pathogen interactions and develops novel vaccination strategies; it is amongst the lead...

Acoustics meeting in San Diego

...on the baseball bat's "sweet spot," conventionally defined as a region, approximately 5 to 7 inches from the "barrel" end, where the bat exhibits the least vibration and gives the ball maximum propulsion. Robert Collier of Dartmouth College ( Robert.d.collier@dartmouth.edu ) will present newly detailed stud...

Channel protein converts vibrations to electrical signal

...ts actually form the elastic element that had been defined biophysically," Corey said. He plans further experiments to test this possibility. Additionally, Corey suspects that TRPA1 might play a role in the amplification of sound signals, a process that increases sensitivity and improves the ability to dist...

Australian expertise helps resurrect Iraq's ancient marshlands

...tzpatrick says. "New criteria, based on properties defined in this study, will need to be submitted to the international bodies. We have discovered new soil types." Dr Fitzpatrick is ecstatic about what he has discovered and what can be done to help the local people. With his team, he set out to establish th...

UCSD medical researchers use brain cell transplants to correct muscle spasms after aneurysm surgery

...e conclusive evidence that transplantation of well defined human neuronal cells into a specific region of the spinal cord can be an effective treatment for spasticity in cases of ischemic spinal cord injury," said the study's lead author, Martin Marsala, M.D., UCSD associate professor of anesthesiology. "Whi...

ASPB opposes proposed ban of GMOs in Humboldt county ballot measure M

...ions Section 3 (b) DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid is defined as "a complex protein that is present in every cell of an organism and is the 'blueprint' for the organism's development." However, contrary to the Measure's definition, DNA is a nucleic acid and not a complex protein. This flawed definition in its...

International human genome sequencing consortium describes finished human genome sequence

...e identification of all genes, which are generally defined as stretches of DNA that code for particular proteins. According to the new findings, researchers have confirmed the existence of 19,599 protein-coding genes in the human genome and identified another 2,188 DNA segments that are predicted to be prote...

Mouse study: 'Critical' Down syndrome region isn't

...t, Olson used a technique to precisely duplicate a defined chromosome segment and applied it to the DSCR section on mouse chromosome 16, the analog of human chromosome 21. She also made a mouse chromosome 16 that lacked DSCR entirely. Then scientists in Hopkins' Transgenic Mouse Facility inserted each of th...

Children's Hospital Boston geneticist awarded for research on muscular dystrophy

...types of muscle disease. More recently, Kunkel has defined the molecular and genetic characteristics of several dystrophin-associated proteins whose disruption also leads to muscular dystrophy. Today, Kunkel continues to explore the role of these proteins and the more than 40 genes that have now been linked ...

UCLA and Univ. of Utah researchers identify how a hormone regulates iron

... the blood stream causing chronic anemia. "We have defined how the hormone hepcidin regulates the accumulation of iron by the body," says Jerry Kaplan, Ph.D., one of the study's principal authors and a professor of pathology and assistant vice president for basic science at the University of Utah Health Scie...

Research uncovers role of Apolipoprotein E in Alzheimer's disease

...enter & Research Institute, for the first time has defined how the protein Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) contributes to both the formation of amyloid brain lesions and the memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease. The research, conducted jointly by USF and the Byrd Institute, is published in the October 20...

Ethical paradigm: Relating embryonic stem cell use to organ donation

...s stage, however, no definition for death has been defined for unformed humans. The authors highlight the poi...rmed human, can be donated for use. The arguments defined by Landry and Zucker are laid out with historical background both on the history of organ donation a...

JCI table of contents November 1, 2004

...s stage, however, no definition for death has been defined for unformed humans. The authors highlight the poi...rmed human, can be donated for use. The arguments defined by Landry and Zucker are laid out with historical background both on the history of organ donation a...

Young adults who maintain their weight have lower risk factor levels for heart disease

...esterol, and a large waist. Metabolic syndrome is defined as having at least 3 of these risk factors. Investigators found that on average as body mass index, an indicator of obesity, increased, adverse changes in these cardiovascular disease risk factors occurred. Over the 15 years of the study, these chan...

New study links low fish supply to increased bushmeat hunting

...e of the smaller reserves saw local extinctions -- defined as no recorded sightings for two years -- of nearly half of those species. At the same time, the supply of fish in Ghana ranged from 230,000 to 480,000 tons in a year, and varied by as much as 24 percent between consecutive years. The res...

Genetic influences on taste perception of alcohol may influence alcohol intake

...e more likely he or she is to develop a clinically defined alcohol disorder at some point in life," said Mennella. "We also know that taste is usually the primary reason kids give for not using alcohol. Whether the genetic differences that underlie sensitivity to bitter tastes contribute to early experim...

Muscle loss from space travel, prolonged inactivity linked to two genes

...e Station as well as individuals whose universe is defined by their sick bed, Boston University Sargent College researchers Susan Kandarian and R. Bridge Hunter have found that disrupting either one of two genes, nfb1 and bcl3 , can block the biological process of muscle wasting known as atrophy. Their ...

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(Date:10/19/2014)... in India over the last 30 years contributed ... growth during that time, according to a new ... Change ., "Energy access is fundamental to development: ... including education, communication, and health," says IIASA researcher ... increased energy access is widely agreed to be ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... – Accurate knowledge regarding Ebola is critical and pertinent ... of hazardous global outbreak and epidemic. The Journal, ... a special issue, Ebola Virus and Public Health, to ... knowledge in this critical societal moment. , On ... Ebola for Clinicians . The primer was prepared by ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... war on the human body. Battles are won, ... pancreatic cancer, this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last ... a phenomena that is poorly understood. , ... of Salvatore Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry at ... tumor dormancy and the switch to a malignant ...
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