Tag: "diarrheal" at biology news

New UD technology removes viruses from drinking water

...ss to safe water supplies. Four billion cases of diarrheal disease occur worldwide every year, resulting in 1.8 million deaths, primarily infants and children in developing countries. Eighty-eight percent of this disease is attributed to unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. In the Unit...

New highways carry pathogens and social change in Ecuador

...--Logging roads have brought a higher incidence of diarrheal disease and new social problems among communities ...and Infectious Disease, the research team examined diarrheal infections and social networks in 21 villages being connected to a new road network built by the Ecu...

Institute for OneWorld Health awarded $46 million grant to combat diarrheal disease

...earch aims to develop new treatments for secretory diarrheal disease, particularly anti-secretory drugs that in...re responsible for nearly 40% of reported cases of diarrheal disease. "Our novel approach to reducing dehydration with new medicines for diarrheal diseases c...

Transgenic goat's milk offers hope for tackling children's intestinal disease

...to milk that protects infants and children against diarrheal illnesses, which each year kill more than 2 million children worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. The results of their study will be reported in the August issue of the international journal Transgenic Research. "This goat's milk ...

Columbia University receives $16.9 million NIEHS award to study arsenic in ground water

... a host of infectious diseases, particularly fatal diarrheal diseases in young children. Ironically, the arsenic crisis arose as a result of the well-intentioned efforts of non-governmental organizations, which installed millions of tube wells throughout the country in an attempt to shift communities away from...

UCLA researchers discover new disorder that causes chronic diarrhea in children

...rther understand type I diabetes, as well as other diarrheal disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease an...formulas and intravenous nutrition to minimize the diarrheal symptoms and promote growth. Currently, there is no cure for the illness. ...

The rising tide of ocean plagues: How humans are changing the dynamics of disease

...ment disease trends in unique detail. A waterborne diarrheal disease, cholera is still a serious health concern in many areas of the world, including parts of India, South America, Bangladesh, and Africa. It takes a large economic toll on poor communities and, if untreated, can kill in as little as 24 hours. ...

Institute for OneWorld Health hosts panels at ASTMH

.... With more than 2 million deaths per year due to diarrheal disease, there is a need to develop and implement ...nd discuss novel interventions to combat secretory diarrheal disease. These experts will also share their insight on how these new strategies can be integrated ...

JCI table of contents October 1, 2005

...anisms and critical role of barrier dysfunction in diarrheal disease. This work also identifies epithelial MLCK is a critical intermediate in intestinal barrier dysfunction and as a future therapeutic target. TITLE: Epithelial myosin light chain kinase-dependent barrier dysfunction mediates T cell activatio...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... under development as multivalent vaccines against diarrheal diseases of humans and might represent new, improved nonliving bacterial vaccines with excellent safety properties and high immunological potential," say the researchers. (U.B. Mayr, C. Haller, W. Haidinger, A. Atrasheuskaya, E. Bukin, W. Lubitz, G....

42 biomedical scientists worldwide named HHMI international research scholars

...tic protozoa that is a major source of water-borne diarrheal disease. His goal is to better understand the basic molecular mechanisms involved in intracellular protein trafficking and antigenic variation in Giardia, which enables the parasite to evade its host's immune responses. Vilma Regina Martins ...

Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer

...a Entamoeba histolytica, a leading cause of severe diarrheal disease in developing countries, includes an unexpectedly complex repertoire of sensory genes as well as a variety of bacterial-like genes that contribute to the organism's unique biology. The report, which appears in the February 24 issue of ...

New study by UGA researcher shows that Salmonella uses hydrogen as an energy source

...ion deaths a year and cause millions more cases of diarrheal illnesses, even in developed countries. Maier was the first to discover that hydrogen is not lost from the body as a waste product, as researchers previously thought, but remains at substantial levels and is an energy source for pathogenic bacteria. ...

Reed biology professor receives $227,500 for E. coli research

..., responsible for an estimated 1 million infant diarrheal deaths in the developing world each year. Mellies' research team will continue studying how the master regulator protein LER controls the disease process on the molecular level. The long-term goal of the laboratory is to use this knowledge to develo...

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(Date:4/16/2014)... store memories improves during childhood, associated with structural ... prefrontal and parietal cortices. New research from UC ... at this crucial time. Eventually, that could give ... transition into and during adolescence and affect memory, ... in the middle of the brain, the hippocampus ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Dr. Klaus Aktories and Dr. Panagiotis Papatheodorou from the ... the University of Freiburg have discovered the receptor responsible ... perfringens into the cell. The TpeL toxin, which ... that causes gas gangrene and food poisoning. It is ... germs of the genus Clostridium . The toxins ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... 15, 2014, Irvine, Calif. UC Irvine neurobiologists have ... results when transplanted into the brains of mice with ... trial is published in the journal Stem Cells ... shown to work in two different mouse models. ... of dementia, is associated with accumulation of the protein ...
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