Tag: "diseases" at biology news
Indiana University scientists' research success puts Indiana in new stem cell business
...f cell therapies for treating chronic degenerative diseases
associated with aging," Yoder said. While the company works toward that long-term goal, it plans to market test kits for researchers that will enable them to determine whether their samples contain the endothelial stem and progenitor cells. Such...
Man and mouse share genome structures
...portant as changes in the genome itself in causing diseases
such as cancer. This regulatory structure, called chromatin, is a key regulator of gene expression in healthy and diseased cells, Bernstein said. Chromatin is composed of DNA spooled around bundles of histone proteins, and resembles a chain of beads...
Discovery promises simpler therapy for sickle cell disease
...the role that nitric oxide may play in other blood diseases
and conditions characterized by a deficiency in oxygen delivery to tissues, such as heart failure, diabetes and pulmonary hypertension. Collaborators on the study include lead author John Pawloski and Douglas Hess. The work was supported by the Natio...
Gene with broad role also causes prevalent, inherited nerve disorder
...rie-Tooth disease and perhaps other nervous system diseases
as well," Zchner said. As evidence mounts for the... for these pathways for CMT and for nervous system diseases
in general," Zchner said. Zchner, Vance and their colleagues reported last year that the gene mitofu...
US government list of cancer-causing agents grows
... Research shows that environmental factors trigger diseases
like cancer, especially when someone has a family history," said Kenneth Olden, Ph.D., director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the National Toxicology Program, which prepared the report for DHHS. The Report on Carcinog...
Multi-purpose protein regulates new protein synthesis and immune cell development
...the unfolded protein response is activated in many diseases
from viral infections to stroke to Alzheimer's dis... development, which could be helpful in autoimmune diseases
like diabetes and lupus."...
Blocking cell signaling can stymie viral infections, study shows
...resents an entirely new approach to treating viral diseases
such as smallpox, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer... "The results demonstrate the principle that viral diseases
can be effectively fought by blocking cellular signaling pathways that viruses depend on for reprodu...
Heart specialists call for cardiovascular screening for all young competitive athletes
...iggered cardiac arrest in athletes with underlying diseases
predisposing them to life-threatening ventricular ...e young athletes who had died from coronary artery diseases
had displayed warning signs or ECG abnormalities during screening that could raise suspicions of a c...
MRI 'excellent choice' for overcoming challenges of diagnosing pregnant women with abdominal pain
...h accuracy for detecting uterine and extra-uterine diseases
that is unmatched by either CT or ultrasound," said Dr. Semelka....
Researchers at UT Southwestern discover new function for old enzyme
...rial DNA defects are associated with neuromuscular diseases
and premature aging disorders in humans. "Mitochondrial DNA was discovered in the 1960s, and we still do not know much about how it is organized, packaged or inherited," said Dr. Butow. "What is really amazing is that we very recently discove...
Dartmouth Medical School lab blends DNA and technology to aid in crime-solving
...h care professionals and students to study genetic diseases
and outcomes. "Smoking Cessation for Pregnanc...h care professionals and students to study genetic diseases
and outcomes. "Smoking Cessation for Pregnancy and Beyond" incorporates mini-lectures on topics...
International HapMap consortium expands mapping effort
...he genetic risk factors underlying a wide range of diseases
and conditions," said NHGRI Director Francis S. Co...ealth, such as those protecting against infectious diseases
or promoting longevity. "We are excited by the opportunity to apply our technology to all publicly ...
Study finds direct association between cardiovascular disease and periodontal bacteria
...the circulatory system, and possibly contribute to diseases
of the heart and other body organs once was widely accepted in medicine. The concept, known as the "focal infection theory," fell out of fashion by the 1940s, then resurfaced four decades later with the publication of new data proposing a link. Si...
Circles of DNA might help predict success of stem cell transplantation
...ll transplants as part of therapy for a variety of diseases
such as leukemia or sickle cell disease. In these ...s (e.g., acute lymphoblastic leukemia) or red cell diseases
(e.g., sickle cell disease). Because blood from the normal, healthy donors contained 1,200 to 155,00...
Examination of internal 'wiring' of yeast, worm, and fly reveals conserved circuits
...ring plan of human cells to more effectively treat diseases
while also generating fewer side-effects. "We're basically now able to open the hood of yeast, worm, and fly cells and look at the protein interactions inside," said Trey Ideker, a bioengineering professor at the University of California, San Diego a...
New stem cell source could boost bone marrow success
...eutic cell doses." Bone marrow transplants treat diseases
such as cancers and immune deficiency disorders by replacing diseased cells with fresh ones found inside bones. The transplant requires hematopoietic stem cells (blood-forming stem cells) and, ideally mesenchymal stem cells too, both of which are fou...
Physicians recommend screening for toxoplasmosis for all pregnant women, newborns
... eye and brain damage, and may result in crippling diseases
in the newborn or later in life. "Early detection ...re screening for a number of genetic and metabolic diseases
in the newborn, including phenylketonuria, congenital hypothyroidism and congenital adrenal hyperpla...
Combating blindness is vision of UT, ORNL project
...ist in the diagnosis and treatment of blinding eye diseases
such as diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and age-rel...ologist and Plough Foundation professor of retinal diseases
at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis. Researchers plan to use digital ret...
JCI Table of Contents, March 1, 2005
...i.org/papbyrecent.shtml Siderocalin eases liver diseases
Liver injury in mice causes upregulation of a pro...y describe the expression of siderocalin in kidney diseases
of the mouse and human and show that upregulation of the protein protects kidney cells and accelerat...
UCF stem cell research may hold promise for treating Alzheimer's disease
...e treatment for Alzheimer's and other neurological diseases
because they can replace cells that die from those... Stem cells hold promise for the treatment of many diseases
because they are capable of dividing endlessly and developing into many different types of cells in ...
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