Tag: "disorders" at biology news

NIH gives $8M to University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for myositis research

... inflammatory myopathies, they are musculoskeletal disorders characterized by muscle weakness thought to be autoimmune diseases. This means that the bodys immune system, which normally fights infections and viruses, for reasons unknown turns on itself and attacks the muscle tissue and sometimes skin, joints an...

Protein 'chatter' linked to cancer activation

...se deficiency is responsible for these three human disorders have the job of ensuring that chromosome ends are maintained and protected, says Xu-Dong Zhu, assistant professor of biology and the lead author on the study. As we age, our chromosome ends become shorter. Individuals whose ends deteriorate faster a...

Does the desire to consume alcohol and tobacco come from our genetic makeup?

...se of alcohol and tobacco may cause cardiovascular disorders like hypertension, so finding the genomic determinants behind alcohol and tobacco use may point to novel mechanisms for blood pressure modification by these substances.) The volunteers were from the Saguenay-Lac-St. Jean region of Quebec, Canada. The...

Teamwork between 2 key proteins necessary for normal development and regulation of red blood cells

...s, mutations of which play a role in genetic blood disorders like sickle cell anemia and beta-thalassemia, have identified two proteins that are responsible for regulating overlapping groups of genes during the development of red blood cells. The findings may point researchers to future gene therapies for pa...

New strategy for treating allergic disorders

...to-immune disorders. The rising incidence of these disorders calls for more effective treatments with fewer side effects. The biopharmaceutical company ActoGeniX is playing a crucial role in the development of such new medicines. Indeed, upon its founding in 2006, ActoGeniX acquired the complete patent portfol...

Neurosciences and music meet in Montreal

...ties in children, musical abilities in behavioural disorders and genetic syndromes, music perception in cochlear implant patients, dystonias in musicians, the effectiveness of music as a means to reduce the perception of pain, and music rehabilitation. The event is mostly targeted to medical professionals, neu...

Altering a protein makes mice less fearful

...findings might provide useful insight into anxiety disorders and may even point the way to a new therapeutic target. For humans and other animals, some fears seem to be, in large part, instinctive and inborn rather than learned. For example, laboratory animals fear certain predators even though they have nev...

Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells

...defects in this system could contribute to genetic disorders and possibly be reversed. This type of surveillance pathway that is regulated at the tissue level could also exist in other highly specialized cells, says first author Jian Kong, PhD, Senior Research Investigator. Investigating the mechanism of thi...

JCI table of contents: August 1, 2007

...nal example of the power of the study of monogenic disorders in the quest to understand human physiology." TITLE: Impaired basolateral sorting of pro-EGF causes isolated recessive renal hypomagnesemia AUTHOR CONTACT: Rene J. Bindels Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Pho...

New databases put wings on search for bipolar risk genes

..., unlike the BD database, it isnt specific to mood disorders research. The tool enables users to intelligently select the specific DNA signposts or markersthe single nucleotide polymorphisms, or SNPspresent in specific chromosome regions most likely to yield meaningful results. It also tells researchers if...

Reading a face is tricky business

... direct implications for understanding psychiatric disorders such as phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, said Wen Li, lead author of the study and postdoctoral fellow at Northwesterns Feinberg School of Medicine. Neural and Behavioral Evidence for Affective Priming from U...

GI Caramba! Blue tortillas may help dieters and diabetics

...r controlling metabolic syndrome, a combination of disorders which increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. NB The blue colouring is due to the presence of anthocyanins in the corn. These are the same health promoting compounds found purple berries and red wine....

New target for HIV/AIDS drugs and vaccine discovered

... therapeutic approach for people with diseases and disorders that involve overactive or underactive immune responses. DCs and NK cells play critical roles in the bodys initial defense against infection. DCs are instrumental in identifying foreign invaders to the body and then orchestrating an immune response t...

Learning a second language -- Is it all in your head?

... assistant professor of communication sciences and disorders at Northwestern and lead author of a study appearing online today (July 25) at , in Cerebral Cortex. Based on the size of Heschls Gyrus (HG), a brain structure that typically accounts for no more than 0.2 percent of entire brain volume, the research...

Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered

... is a widespread problem. It can be caused by skin disorders like eczema, or it can stem from a deeper problem such as kidney failure or liver disease. It can be a serious side effect of cancer therapies or powerful painkillers like morphine. For some people, chronic itching can be very disruptive, interfering...

Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas

...gestation are more likely to develop substance-use disorders themselves," she said. "This finding is independent of other factors that might also influence development of alcoholism, like having biological relatives with alcoholism." Fryer said that this neuroimaging study supports 30 years of previous rese...

New model for autism suggests women carry the disorder and explains age as a risk factor

... alternative to traditional thinking about genetic disorders as purely heritable from a parent. This has implications for other disorders such as morbid obesity, schizophrenia, and congenital heart disease....

Faster-acting antidepressants closer to becoming a reality

... raising the risk of suicide for some. Depressive disorders also affect children and adolescents. By aiming new medications at more direct molecular targets, such as NMDA or AMPA, scientists may be able to bypass some of the steps through which current antidepressants indirectly exert their effects a round...

Purdue-IU researchers explore new method for early disease diagnosis

...s a new approach for detecting a number of genetic disorders found in infants and young children. Daniel Raft... the markers for some genetically caused metabolic disorders up to 100 times more visible, Raftery said. "This technique allows us to profile a class of biomar...

Study finds hereditary link to premenstrual depression

... that might explain why some women have these mood disorders and others don't," said Dr. David R. Rubinow, the ...months. Another 56women who had no history of mood disorders related to the menstrualcycle served as a comparison group. All the women provided blood samplesfor ...

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(Date:10/16/2014)... can be cultivated efficiently, they are anything but ... by monoculture cultivation is becoming increasingly evident. Despite ... form and are regarded as the sole possibility ... quite wrongfully, finds Bernhard Schmid, an ecology professor ... novel form of agriculture and forestry. After all, ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... our ability to assess the pandemic risk from strains ... we must not allow ourselves to become complacent that ... international consortium of scientists. , Influenza pandemics arise when ... yet to develop widespread immunity – spreads in the ... the past 100 years, the worst of which – ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and NXTDW) ... growing mobile commerce market releases photos and video of the recent ... October 13 th . Gino Pereira , ... angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi rang the bell.  ... his investors and employees "for their work and dedication in bringing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 2Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 3Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3
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