Tag: "disorders" at biology news
Exposure to dioxins influences male reproductive system, study of Vietnam veterans concludes
...ncy of further research is underlined by a rise in disorders
of the male reproductive tract over the past sever...ncrease is not known, but it is thought that these disorders
might be caused by environmental chemicals that are estrogenic and have endocrine-disrupting effects...
Genes offer researchers a 'crystal ball' to help them prevent, diagnose and treat cancer
... lung cancer in particular, and gene-dysregulation disorders
of the lung, in general." The DNA is believed to be released when cells turn over, or are damaged, in the lungs and airways, he said. "Although it is not possible to say at this point the precise anatomic origin of the airway-derived DNA being test...
Key to acute lung injury lies in Ang2 protein
...crease in Ang2 and cell death can be seen in other disorders
such as heart attacks, stroke, eye disease in diabetics and brain tumors....
Nuclear medicine patients: No-alarm holiday travel tips
...o detect and evaluate heart disease, cancer, brain disorders
and stress fractures. Commonly performed procedures include positron emission tomography (PET) scans to diagnose and monitor treatment in cancer, cardiac stress tests to analyze heart function, bone scans to detect orthopedic injuries and lung scans ...
A prickly subject: The sea urchin genome is sequenced
...mation, and its mutations are associated with bone disorders
and a common form of childhood leukemia. Now that the sea urchin's genome has been sequenced, Dr. Coffman's work should progress more quickly. "It's incredible," he says. "It's hard for me to imagine not having a genome now."...
Common cause of heart disease, diabetes may be treatable with malaria drug
... inflammatory responses that go awry in autoimmune disorders
like arthritis," notes Semenkovich. "Chloroquine is sometimes used to treat autoimmune conditions like lupus and arthritis. Our studies provide further evidence for links between oxidative stress, inflammatory processes and common human diseases such...
A silent pandemic: Industrial chemicals are impairing the brain development of children worldwide
...eveloping brain and can lead to neurodevelopmental disorders
(NDDs)--autism, attention deficit disorder (ADHD), and mental retardation. Still, there has been insufficient research done to identify the individual chemicals that can cause injury to the developing brains of children. In a new review study, pub...
Comprehensive model is first to map protein folding at atomic level
...s has broad implications for the growing number of disorders
believed to result from misfolded proteins or parts of proteins, most notably neurodegenerative disorders
such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. The model developed by Shakhnovich and colleagues fa...
Dopamine used to prompt nerve tissue to regrow
... polymer into patients suffering from neurological disorders
to help repair damaged nerves. The findings were published online the week of Oct. 30 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). "We showed that you could use a neurotransmitter as a building block of a polymer," said Wang. "Onc...
ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Oct. 25, 2006
.... Prions are infectious proteins that cause brain disorders
like Mad Cow Disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) in humans. Peter Gmeiner and colleagues note that the recent emergence of a new form of CDJ, linked to consumption of infected beef mainly in Great Britain, intensified the search for anti-prio...
A Wellcome brain gain for world leading neuroscience lab
...of who and where we are. Dr Maguire also studies disorders
affecting memory, such as developmental disorders
in children and dementia in the elderly, with the aim of developing clinical memory tests for early ...
Crohn's disease gene identified
...lled inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), are chronic disorders
that cause abdominal pain, diarrhea and gastrointestinal bleeding and affect over one million Americans. Because IBD tends to run in families and is more frequent in certain ethnic populations, especially Ashkenazi Jews, scientists have long suspecte...
The glutamate decarboxylase 1 gene may play a pivotal role in developing alcoholism
.... This may also help explain co-occurring anxiety disorders
in people with alcohol dependence." For example, said Chen, patients with schizophrenia are known to have an increased co-occurrence of substance use disorders. Given that the GAD gene has been implicated in genetic susceptibility to schizophrenia...
Data show treatment with Remicade reduced hospitalizations for ulcerative colitis patients by half
...abdominal pain, fever or severe fatigue. Blood disorders
have been reported, some fatal. Tell your doctor if you develop possible signs of blood disorders
such as persistent fever, bruising, bleeding or paleness while taking REMICADE. Nervous system disor...
Circadian gene helps the brain predict mealtime
...is expected to improve therapies for counteracting disorders
that have their roots in a disturbed circadian system, such as sleep problems, eating disorders, obesity, and depression....
New biochip helps study living cells, may speed drug development
...d accelerate drug development for muscle and nerve disorders
like epilepsy and help create more productive crop...es the new chip could help develop drugs for human disorders
involving ion channel malfunction, such as epilepsy and chronic pain. About 15 percent of the drugs ...
Insights into activity-dependent neuronal growth through RSRF-supported research
..., bipolar disorder and schizophrenia -- a range of disorders
uncannily parallel to those produced by mutations in the "Rett gene," MeCP2. In 2003, two groups found that MeCP2 regulates BDNF transcription, but sorting out the complex relationship between the two proteins has been quite challenging. New studies...
Researchers discover new gene responsible for brittle bone disease
... "Beyond OI, there may be other connective tissue disorders
caused by mutations in genes associated with 3-prolyl hydroxylation, a process that occurs in many types of tissues," Boyce said. "Current treatment for OI does not cure the disease and is designed to reduce the risk of fracture. Only through a bette...
Research team identifies human 'memory gene'
...ssibly help improve memory in patients with memory disorders
such as Alzheimer's disease." Not only did the ...ght also help improve memory in people with memory disorders
like Alzheimer's disease. The team has already begun working on new drugs to restore memory funct...
Gene linked to autism in families with more than one affected child
...t turns it on and off. People with autism spectrum disorders
were more likely than others to have inherited thi...significant" levels in people with autism spectrum disorders
in both samples. Moreover, this association held only for families with more than one affected child...
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