Tag: "enhancement" at biology news

US Agency for International Development awards $34 million to Virginia Tech

... productivity, food security, and preservation and enhancement of natural resources. "Virginia Tech's world-class researchers are identifying and addressing problems that challenge the day-to-day lives of people in every corner of the world," said Steger. "And through our strong partnerships with other unive...

Technique for genetically modifying blood stem cells brings cure for blood diseases closer

... than 15 percent. "The enhancement in expression of the gamma-globin gene that was key to the success of this new vector was due to the additional controlling elements we added," said Hideki Hanawa, M.D., Ph.D. Hanawa is the first author of the Blood article and a former postdoctoral ...

Genetic discovery paves way to decode sense of smell in mammals

...her protein known to bind olfactory receptors. The enhancement of these protein levels made it possible for the researchers to induce the newly created cells to express odorant receptors at their surfaces. The team then tested the receptors' response to various chemicals, including the fishy-smelling aliphatic a...

Global warming good news for coral reefs: research

... coral reef calcification is most likely due to an enhancement in coral metabolism and/or increases in photosynthetic rates of red algae, according to the scientists. They used projections of ocean warming and CO2 concentration from a CSIRO climate model that accounts for atmosphere-ice and ocean carbon cycles. ...

JCI table of contents, December 15 2004

...fect has long been attributed to platelet-mediated enhancement of tumor cell survival and tumor cell escape from the blood into the surrounding tissue, as well as the development of new blood vessels to support tumor growth. In the December 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation , Olivier Peyruchaud ...

Bound for destruction

... fate and amplify it, acting as a sort of contrast enhancement mechanism in cell fate determination. Notch is activated by a protease that is present ubiquitously in the cell membrane. What has long remained a mystery, however, is the question of how Notch receptors that have not been activated by a ligand are ...

Mouse brain tumors mimic those in human genetic disorder

...true in humans, this strongly argues that contrast enhancement on MRI alone is not a reliable test of tumor progression," Gutmann says. "If we rely on contrast enhancement in children with NF1 optic pathway gliomas, we may be treating kids who don't need to be treated. Us...

Mitochondrial DNA mutations play significant role in prostate cancer

...important contributory factor in the mitochondrial enhancement of prostate cancer tumor growth. Because the study found that COI mutations were common in the general population (7.8 percent), but very infrequent (<2 percent) in men without prostate cancer, the investigators noted that men harboring these mut...

Steroid discoveries could add bulk to crop harvests

...ating plants with steroids could offer performance enhancement of a more desirable nature by boosting the biomass... day lead to less expensive ways to trigger growth enhancement of plants. "The common theme of these two articles is that we are now beginning to unravel the molec...

DOE JGI launches IMG public online microbial genome data clearinghouse

...esearch community. "The IMG system is an essential enhancement to the computational toolkit supported by DOE," said Dr. Aristides A. Patrinos, Associate Director for Environmental and Biological Research of the DOE Office of Science. "IMG responds to the urgent need of handling the vast and growing spectrum of d...

Bayer donates equipment to Children's Hospital, Oakland for infectious disease research

... generosity of Bayer BP. The gift is a significant enhancement to the CIVD and will benefit the research of many CHORI scientists." The CIVD at CHORI includes interactive laboratories and office spaces, as well as specialized, shared facilities including a Biological Safety Level-3 (BL-3) facility, which represe...

South America's vast pantanal wetland may become next everglades, UNU experts warn

...ome a carbon source." "The release, maintenance or enhancement of these stores under a changing climate will in turn potentially affect future climate change." As temperatures rise, species will migrate towards higher latitudes and altitudes in both hemispheres, and the species composition and functioning of pl...

To train the eye, keep it simple

...ual learning studied noise filtering and stimulus enhancement take place in different areas of the visual syste...rom the trained eye to the untrained eye. Stimulus enhancement transferred only partially. This implies that noise filtering is a "binocular" mechanism that serves...

Society of Nuclear Medicine offers program to meet patients' current, future needs for radionuclides

...ngly supporting a national radionuclide production enhancement program. "SNM wants to promote a unified voice for this plan, which when implemented will assure our nation of a stable and secure supply of radionuclides for future generations," explained SNM President Mathew L. Thakur, Ph.D., in the April issue of...

Study in Royal Society journal on holly as an indicator of climate change

...Lacerta agilis) in a natural population respond to enhancement of their partner's breeding coloration by investing more energetic resources into their offspring (rendering a female in poorer condition), and by producing more daughters. These results agree with the notion that females invest more when mating with...

Argonne receives $50 million NIH grant

...iosciences Division. "Achieving this goal requires enhancement of all the methods involved in protein production, crystal growth, structure determination, and structural model generation and refinement. This approach will have broad and long-lasting importance to much biomedical research as well as for its immed...

UF researchers test drug that could cut orthodontic treatment time in half

...rldwide. "If the results of this study demonstrate enhancement of the rate of orthodontic tooth movement and better stability after treatment, it could be an exciting new method of increasing treatment acceptability while decreasing the need for compliance," said Robert Boyd, D.D.S., a professor and chairman of ...

New clue to cocaine addicts' quirky behavior

...city. They found that the cocaine induced abnormal enhancement of neuronal connections--a phenomenon called long-term potentiation (LTP). The researchers also performed behavioral studies on the cocaine-sensitized rats, to explore the behavioral effects of this disruption. In these studies, they placed the rats ...

'Smart' nanoprobes light up disease

...d in this study is the combination of the contrast enhancement achievable through an activateable probe with the imaging advantages provided by the brightness, photostability, and tunability of quantum dots."...

Ecology must be part of research on renewable energy

...owever, ORED could also represent an environmental enhancement by increasing the opportunity for benthic species, enhancing survival and growth, creating new food opportunities and refuge for juveniles, and recycling of local energy. The important message of this review is that our current lack of knowledge mean...

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(Date:10/17/2014)... . To date, ... overdoses, doctors are often limited to supportive therapy such as ... combination of drugs involved. So what can be done if ... ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux from the Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences ... question. "The task was to develop an agent that could ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... efficiently, they are anything but sustainable: environmental damage ... is becoming increasingly evident. Despite their disadvantages, however, ... regarded as the sole possibility of achieving higher ... Bernhard Schmid, an ecology professor at the University ... agriculture and forestry. After all, a new study ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... As our ability to assess the pandemic risk from ... developments, we must not allow ourselves to become complacent ... an international consortium of scientists. , Influenza pandemics arise ... have yet to develop widespread immunity – spreads in ... in the past 100 years, the worst of which ...
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