Tag: "establish" at biology news

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...hable from nasally acquired RSV. "These results establish the eye as a major gateway of respiratory infection and a respiratory virus as a bona fide eye pathogen, thus offering novel intervention and treatment options" say the researchers. (V. Bitko, A. Musiyenko, S. Barik. 2006. Viral infection of the ...

Training breathing muscles improves swimming muscles' performance

...heir 20s. To insure the safety of participants and establish uniform fitness, all enrollees took four weeks of swim-fin and scuba-diving training before the start of the study. Participants also underwent baseline tests to determine pulmonary strength (maximal pressures they could generate), pulmonary enduran...

New studies find amazing concentration of species unique to East African mountains

...se poor, rural populations and sufficient funds to establish and adequately manage a network of protected areas...," said Dr. Burgess. "Their declaration would help establish the network urgently needed to protect the natural wealth of the Eastern Arc Mountains." The Tanzani...

Heart rhythm genes possible factors in SIDS

...parents rather than occur spontaneously, will help establish the risk to siblings of SIDS victims," he said. George hopes that eventually, all of the causes of SIDS environmental, developmental and genetic factors will be identified. "Many years from now, 'SIDS' may not be a term we use anymore because...

National Science Foundation supports UCR study of polar lake life forms

...ects of polar regions on global climate and helped establish the U.S. presence in Antarctica. Because of concerns over contaminating the pristine environment, lake water is not available for study, but lake water that has frozen into the ice cap is available and will be studied from samples at the National I...

Hofmeyr skull supports the 'Out of Africa' theory

... Paleolithic archeological tradition. In order to establish the affinities of the Hofmeyr fossil, team member Katerina Harvati of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, used 3-dimensional measurements of the skull known to differentiate recent human populations according t...

Maxine F. Singer to receive Public Welfare Medal

...ion of children in the nation's capital led her to establish the Carnegie Academy for Science Education (CASE) -- a program that works to increase K-12 teachers' knowledge of science and present new ways to bring science to their students. In 1989 she introduced Carnegie's "First Light" project, where D.C. th...

Maxine Singer awarded 2007 NAS Public Welfare Medal

...n for education in the nation's capital led her to establish the Carnegie Academy for Science Education (CASE), a program for D.C. K-12 teachers. CASE works to increase teachers' knowledge of science, while providing them with new methods to teach their students about science. In 1989, she introduced Carnegie'...

Spanish scientists reveal dynamic map of proteins

...pe of which is even more ambitious. "MoDel aims to establish a 'fourth dimension' for protein structures thereby providing a complete landscape of possible conformations for the entire proteome (the complete network of protein interactions in a cell), over time. In the near future, a biochemist will be able to...

UCR researchers examine how some invasive plants gain a foothold

...the harder and slower it is for that population to establish itself and expand its range. Because the California wild radish is what plant biologist call self-incompatible it needs another plant to reproduce researchers wanted to know if its fertility would be impacted by population size and the degree to...

New HIV test may predict drug resistance

...ology, and the researchers are considering ways to establish a new company to pursue its development or to license the technology to an existing company, Gao said. Because HIV genes mutate so easily and the virus reproduces so rapidly, most people who are infected have many different forms of the virus in the...

Bioengineer wins $500,000 engineering prize

...d vessels and cells. In 1966, Fung joined UCSD to establish one of the first bioengineering programs in the country and to fully devote himself to studying the mechanical aspects of the body. Fung's theories on the mechanical properties and functions of blood cells and capillary blood vessels have led our und...

Imaging pinpoints brain regions that 'see the future'

...n-Imagine" task was introduced to help researchers establish a baseline level of brain activity for a cognitive event that was in many ways similar to the other two tasks but did not involve the mental projection of oneself through time. Bill Clinton was chosen because pre-testing showed he was easy for partic...

Cellular pathway yields potential new weapon in vaccine arsenal

... likely to maintain the killer T cell response and establish immunological memory."...

Singing for survival

...uctures or 'phrases'. The researchers wanted to establish whether there were any differences between the typical duetting morning song and that delivered in response to a predator. They noted subtle differences between the two songs, particularly in the early stages (first ten notes) of the song, which wou...

Wolves are suffering less from inbreeding than expected

... with the highest amount of genetic variation that establish themselves as breeders, Staffan Bensch concludes. Whether this is because the genetically diverse wolves are more healthy and stronger and thus more likely to become reproductively active, or if they are more preferred as mates by the opposite sex, w...

Cluster of journals publish findings on dangerous parasite, Toxoplasma gondii

...cular Biology and MSU's microarray facility helped establish the role of a second pathogen protein that makes one strain of "Toxoplasma" especially dangerous. "Type I strains are extremely important to human medicine as they are disproportionately responsible for inflammation of the brain in AIDS patients an...

Study finds the air rich with bacteria

...n airborne pathogens. It will also help scientists establish a baseline of airborne microbes, which they can use to track how climate change affects bacterial populations. "We want to determine the background levels of airborne pathogens and other microbes because only very limited work has been conducted on...

High levels of vitamin D in the body may decrease the risk of multiple sclerosis

...fore any recommendation is made it is important to establish whether we are seeing a true causal association or whether vitamin D levels are only a marker of MS risk," said Alberto Ascherio, senior author of the study and associate professor of nutrition and epidemiology at HSPH. MS is a chronic degenerativ...

History-hunting geneticists can still follow familiar trail

...tics Institute. "MtDNA data have also been used to establish the time and route of major events in human history, such as the expansion of Neolithic farmers into Europe, and the settlement of the New World." MtDNA has made headlines recently because of initiatives such as the National Genographic Project, a ...

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(Date:7/24/2014)... decreased by 45% on average over a 35 year ... study on the impact of humans on declining animal ... invertebrates such as insects, spiders, crustaceans, slugs and worms ... control for crops, decomposition for nutrient cycling, water filtration ... Science and led by UCL, Stanford and UCSB, ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... sticky research out of York University shows a surprisingly ... toxic grass fungus: moose saliva (yes moose saliva). ... "Ungulate saliva inhibits a grassendophyte mutualism" shows that moose ... (which hosts a fungus called epichlo festucae that produces ... less toxicity. , "Plants have evolved defense mechanisms to ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... counterparts in humans, affect the connections between nerve cells ... hippocampus, an area of the brain that plays a ... memories. The results of the study have been published ... depends on the active communication between nerve cells, known ... into a dense network where they constantly relay signals ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Invertebrate numbers nearly halve as human population doubles 2Invertebrate numbers nearly halve as human population doubles 3Moose drool inhibits growth of toxic fungus: York U research 2A protein couple controls flow of information into the brain's memory center 2A protein couple controls flow of information into the brain's memory center 3A protein couple controls flow of information into the brain's memory center 4
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