Tag: "ethnicity" at biology news

Genetic variant linked to weakened heart pumping

...s after adjusting for such factors as age, gender, ethnicity and diabetes," Donahue said. "Additionally, gender and diabetes were also independently associated with ejection fraction." An ejection fraction measures the percentage of blood pumped out of the left ventricle with each of the chamber's contractions...

Racial groupings match genetic profiles, Stanford study finds

... ask study participants to identify their race and ethnicity at the beginning of a clinical trial. The researchers can then follow people of different racial/ethnic groups to see which group is more likely to get a particular disease or respond well to a new treatment. This information can help future doctors ...

Women better at hand hygiene habits, hands down

...entire U.S. adult population by gender, education, ethnicity and region. In theory, with samples of this size, one could say with 95 percent certainty that the overall results have a sampling error of plus or minus 3 percentage points of what they would be if the entire U.S. adult population had been polled wi...

A meaty, salty, starchy diet may impact chronic lung disease

...y population consisted of men and women of Chinese ethnicity ranging in ages from 45 to 74 at enrollment. "These are exceptional data on dietary habits," said NIEHS researcher Stephanie London, M.D., lead investigator on the study. "We are fortunate to have access to high quality dietary data from such a lar...

Obesity before pregnancy linked to childhood weight problems

...ght as a mother's weight prior to pregnancy, race, ethnicity or smoking. Two out of three children who were overweight at their final weighing were also overweight during at least one prior weighing. Three out of four children who were at a normal weight at the final weighing had always been at a normal weight...

New research examines genetics of successful aging

...d 18-25 years old, who were matched for sex, race, ethnicity and geographic location. Specifically, Dr. Zubenko and his research team attempted to identify specific genetic sequences present in older individuals that may be linked to reaching older ages with preserved cognitive abilities, or conversely, speci...

Missing breast cancer genes may soon be discovered

.... Recently, information about patients lifestyle, ethnicity and tumour characteristics have been incorporated ...into tables. Grouping of information, for example, ethnicity can be done and even more complex features such as cigarette smoking history. The values that have b...

Eight Stanford scholars elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

...Jr. Centennial Professor, is an authority on race, ethnicity and social inequality. A professor of sociology, Bobo joined the Stanford faculty from Harvard University in 2005. He directs the Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity and the Program in African and African American Studies, and is cur...

New research examines genetics of successful aging

...dults, aged 18-25, who were matched for sex, race, ethnicity and geographic location. Particularly, Dr. Zubenko and his research team attempted to identify specific genetic sequences present in older individuals that may be linked to reaching older ages with preserved cognitive abilities, or conversely, specif...

Ethnic variations in hormone levels may cause differences in breast cancer risk

...ls of estrogens in post-menopausal women varies by ethnicity and race, and may explain the differences in the groups' breast cancer rates. The study appears in the October issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. Using data from the Multiethnic Cohort Study, V. Wendy Setiawan, Ph.D., assistant ...

New study warns against linking ethnic identity to breast cancer genes

...h over the past decade has linked Ashkenazi Jewish ethnicity to an increased risk for hereditary breast cancer,...hodological problems that cast doubt on the use of ethnicity as the basis for genetic research on disease. "The linking of Ashkenazi Jews to a deadly disease ...

Research linking Ashkenazi Jews and breast cancer genes beset by problems

...h over the past decade has linked Ashkenazi Jewish ethnicity to an increased risk for hereditary breast cancer,...hodological problems that cast doubt on the use of ethnicity as the basis for genetic research on disease. "The linking of Ashkenazi Jews to a deadly disease r...

Study provides first genetic evidence of long-lived African presence within Britain

...Whilst they are very likely to predict the correct ethnicity by using wider analysis of DNA other than the Y chromosome, finding this remarkable African chromosome would certainly have them scratching their heads for a while."...

Study profiles rate of autism in Wisconsin

... with previously published scientific reports. In ethnicity comparisons, they reported that autism prevalence was higher in non-Hispanic whites than non-Hispanic blacks and lowest of all among Hispanics. The researchers also noted an apparent geographic difference, with autism rates more than twice as hig...

NYUCD study links tooth decay and gum infections to ethnicity and country of origin

... Dentistry research team has found that immigrants ethnicity and country of origin predispose them to caries (t...oth decay and periodontal disease can be linked to ethnicity and country of origin even among immigrants who have lived for many years in the United States and h...

Johns Hopkins researchers examine why people eat the foods they do

...elief in a foods health benefit and cost. However, ethnicity and gender also impact peoples food choices, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The study, published in the March 7, 2007, advance online publication of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, reports...

No sign that ethnic groups' genes cause diabetes, international research team says

...t's virtually impossible for geneticists to define ethnicity and race in strictly scientific terms historic, political and social factors inevitably influence their definition of genetic groups. He is on faculty in the departments of anthropology and Chicano/Latino Studies in the School of Social Sciences. H...

Digestive Disease Week 2007 spotlights breakthrough research in digestive health

... cancer Studies looking at differences in gender, ethnicity and risk of GI diseases Up-and-coming therapies and screening options for IBS and IBD DDW is jointly sponsored by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD), the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute, the...

Alcohol use during pregnancy leads to greater risk of extreme preterm delivery

... in the United states," he said. "There are known ethnicity effects for prenatal alcohol exposure, so studying pregnancies among whites would be sensible, yet if I had to guess, I think we would see changes in the same direction." The bottom line, said Sokol, is that there is a substantial risk of extreme ...

Breakthrough developments in rheumatoid arthritis reported

...rs but scientists will have information on age and ethnicity to best match their groups to study. ...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... , Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading ... illness in very young and elderly populations. Despite ... host cells through the fusion protein RSV F, ... peptides that prevent bundle formation limit RSV infection ... to degradation. In this issue of the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Luca Razzari of the nergie Matriaux Tlcommunications Research ... the John R. Evans Leaders Fund of the ... of state-of-the-art biotech and nanophotonics equipment. To this ... Ministre de l,Enseignement suprieur, de la Recherche, de ... new laboratories will help us develop new approaches ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... need to produce hydrogen sulfide in order to properly ... study from the Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology at ... Professor Songtao Shi, principal investigator on the project, said ... governs the flow of calcium ions. The essential ions ... osteogenesis, or the creation of new bone tissue, and ...
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