Tag: "fatal" at biology news

Dengue and other hemorrhagic fevers: Towards a first potential treatment

...is disease, which causes blood loss, can lead to a fatal shock-like state (Dengue Shock Syndrome) with or without associated haemorrhage, and is currently increasing in tropical countries. The pathological mechanisms of Dengue are still unknown and it has not been possible to produce any treatment or vacci...

Protein's effects essential for kidney-to-bladder urine transfer

... the synapse. As expected, loss of DLGH1 proved fatal for mice during or shortly after birth. While examining the mice, Swat and co-author Thaddeus Stappenbeck, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of pathology and immunology and of molecular biology and pharmacology, noticed that many had swollen kidneys....

Other highlights in the December 20 JNCI

...sease and less than half the risk of metastatic or fatal disease. The authors calculated that the incidence...e association was even stronger for metastatic and fatal prostate cancers combined, and the reduced risk of advanced disease was even lower with longer use o...

Study gives clues about how deadly bacterium gains foothold

...to an individual. However, the inhaled form can be fatal if a person does not receive antibiotic treatment. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported an average of 124 suspected cases of tularemia in the United States each year from 1990 to 2000, with nearly 60 percent of the cases co...

Too mellow for our predatory world

...ite marks from dogs. Although these wounds are not fatal in themselves, they often lead to secondary infections which eventually kill the animals. It appears that while marine iguanas are capable of learning to recognise predators they are unable to efficiently increase their flight initiation distance. T...

Botulism study could lead to new vaccines and treatments to counter bioterrorist attacks

...num neurotoxin, which causes botulisma potentially fatal disease with symptoms that include severe paralysis of the limbs and respiratory muscles. Just 1 gram of botulinum neurotoxin, evenly dispersed and inhaled, could kill more than a million people, according to a 2001 study in the Journal of the Americ...

Study finds oysters can take heat and heavy metals, but not both

...s. The combined effect is strong enough to lead to fatal weakness and disease, adding a fundamental explanation for documented oyster declines in the wild. The effect also reveals an additional impact that warming coastal waters may have on cold-blooded organisms. Investigating the mechanisms by which th...

University of Washington-led team discovers a gene that causes familial pancreatic cancer

...er private sources. Pancreatic cancer is usually a fatal diagnosis. One of the deadliest types of cancer, i...amily X" and set off to identify the source of the fatal inheritance. The puzzle took a decade to unravel. Brentnall and her colleagues developed a surveilla...

Pittsburgh-based team engineers muscle, bone cell differentiation with aid of ink-jet printer

...re damaged from a variety of conditions, including fatal genetic diseases like Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), wear and tear associated with aging joints, accidental trauma, and joint deterioration due to autoimmune disorders. The custom-built ink-jet printer, developed at Carnegie Mellon's Robotics I...

Regulating the nuclear architecture of the cell

..., this chaotic state of affairs is not, by itself, fatal to the organism. "I wondered why the flies with mutations in these important pathways didn't die. But replication and cell division checkpoints slow down the cell cycle when damaged DNA is detected, and DNA repair mechanisms move in to fix the damage...

Scientific meeting on pulmonary hypertension, December 7-8

...ood vessels of the lungs, is a disabling and often fatal disease, which affects people of all ages from newborns to seniors. Pulmonary hypertension contributes to an estimated 15,000 deaths in the United States annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The goal of the meeting ...

New approach to BSE successful in lab

...ment can appreciably slow down the progress of the fatal brain disease scrapie in mice. This has been established by researchers from the Universities of Munich and Bonn together with their colleagues at the Max Planck Institute in Martinsried. To do this they used an effect discovered by the US researcher...

Silencing the cause of mad cow disease

...d (in some cases probably from cows with BSE), are fatal neurodegenerative diseases. It is thought that these diseases are caused by accumulation in the brain of an abnormally folded version (PrPsc) of a natural protein (PrPc). There are currently no therapies for the treatment of these diseases, making th...

JCI table of contents: December 1, 2006

...d (in some cases probably from cows with BSE), are fatal neurodegenerative diseases. It is thought that these diseases are caused by accumulation in the brain of an abnormally folded version (PrPsc) of a natural protein (PrPc). There are currently no therapies for the treatment of these diseases, making th...

Einstein researchers discover how a key dietary vitamin is absorbed

...itary folate malabsorption, a rare but potentially fatal disorder. Infants born with this condition must be...evere anemia and neurological problems that can be fatal or cause irreversible damage. The researchers made the link between mutations in the folate transpor...

New finding points way to foiling anthrax's tricks

... a potential bioweapon because it is nearly always fatal when inhaled. Its long-lived spores grow rapidly in the lungs, leading to breathing problems and shock within days. While a vaccine is available, there is no effective treatment. The bacteria succeed by forming capsules that invade lung cells, then...

Newly discovered immune defense may be impaired in CF airways

...nfections that often become chronic and eventually fatal in CF patients. Working with airway cells and tis...eria including those most commonly associated with fatal lung infections in CF patients Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. "If we could reco...

U of MN researchers link early brain development to adult-onset neurodegenerative disease

...model for spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA 1), a fatal neurodegenerative disease that is associated with the loss of coordination that affects activities such as walking, speaking and swallowing. There is no treatment for this disease, and patients typically die 10-15 years after their first symptoms app...

Remote latrine reconfirms the presence of Essene sect at Qumran

...and must have been very dirty with the potentially fatal pathogens shared by everyone who was entering it for ritual purification. And Miqwah cleansing is a total immersion, which means that it gets in your ears, in your eyes and in your mouth. It is not hard to imagine how sick everyone must have been," Z...

A new target for painkillers

...that eat fish or snails and occasionally deliver a fatal sting to a human fisherman. -- RgIA is from the species Conus regius, which measures 1.6 to 2.8 inches in length and lives from Georgia southward along Central America to Brazil's central coast. -- Vc1.1 is from the species Conus victoriae, which...

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(Date:10/18/2014)... In a sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic ... associated with a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional ... JAMA . The study is being released to ... meeting. , Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region ... genetic material present in a cell or organism), has ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... on the human body. Battles are won, lost ... cancer, this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last up ... phenomena that is poorly understood. , A ... Salvatore Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton ... dormancy and the switch to a malignant state. ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... infections and worldwide claims the lives of 160,000 ... University have succeeded in developing a promising vaccination ... , Xavier Saelens (VIB/UGent): "We discovered a new ... development of a novel approach to vaccination against ... small children and elderly people." , RSV: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Modeling tumor dormancy 2New perspectives for development of an RSV vaccine 2
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