Tag: "formation" at biology news
Mount Sinai School of Medicine establishes Stem Cell Institute
...upon Mount Sinai's expertise in hematopoiesis (the formation
of new blood cells), cardiovascular, liver and central nervous system research. The Black Family Stem Cell Institute will recruit six new faculty members, to be called Black Family Scholars, to do more work in stem cell biology at Mount Sinai. The I...
Researchers use 3-D imaging system to unveil swimming behavior of microscopic plankton
...nce of the remarkable dynamics responsible for the formation
of zooplankton aggregations. The new findings indicate that zooplankton are passively drifting with the current, as their name implies ("planktos" translates to "drifting" in Greek), but only in the horizontal direction, not in the vertical. Th...
Gene implicated in chronic kidney disease
...ases. The previously identified genes serve in the formation
of structural proteins that support the cell membrane. In 1999, the Duke team identified a region of the genome linked to FSGS in a large New Zealand family. In the current study, the researchers narrowed that span to the single gene, TRPC6, by scree...
Mechanism for the captation of nutrients in plants- unknown to date
...rough the stimulation of the genes involved in the formation
of the vesicles a hypothesis that is currently being verified....
Embryonic law and order
...e mesoderm-bound cells was delayed. Once mesoderm formation
is complete, its cells undergo a new wave of divis...mals known to regulate nerve insulation and myelin formation
in the central and peripheral nervous system. All commonly target RNA, shooting the messenger rather...
Brain chemical serotonin involved in early embryo patterning, Forsyth scientists find
... common and fundamental mechanisms guiding pattern formation
across phyla." Clinical Jean M. Lauder, Ph.D., Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine at Chapel Hill said: " Dr. Levin's team presents exciting new evidence that serotonin, a brain ...
NIH funds DOE lab for cellular studies
...n the membrane of cells in the lungs, allowing the formation
of a biofilm that interferes with normal lung function. Bacteria are living cells and some such as P. aeruginosa have an inner and outer membrane, each containing proteins. PNNL researchers will create a computer model of the cell wall, its embed...
Vitamin A's paradoxical role in influencing symmetry during embryonic development revealed
...her signaling pathways that also influence pattern formation
-- Wnt, fibroblast growth factor and Notch -- and found that none of them was responsible for coordinating the antero-posterior and left-right axes. However, blocking the retinoic acid pathway generated an uneven distribution of tissue on the right...
Understanding how bacteria communicate may help scientists prevent disease
...es important biological processes, such as biofilm formation
and virulence. "Biofilms make bacteria resistant to antibiotics, so preventing the formation
of biofilms or short-circuiting bacteria's ability to become virulent by disturbing their communicat...
JCI table of contents June 1, 2005
...on associated with pathological cartilage and bone formation
at the attachment of tendons and ligaments. Immun...ssion. New strategies targeting cartilage and bone formation
are likely to be required to control the disease. In a study appearing online on May 12 in advance ...
Finding an Alzheimer's switch
...2. A?beta 42 in particular is toxic and causes the formation
of amyloid plaques. Unlike the majority of membra...ch, in turn, may result in the amyloid beta plaque formation
that is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. "The answer to how the components of gamma-secretase com...
Social amoeba sheds light on communication in human brain
...ring cells of Dictyostelium use to synchronize the formation
of spores--the dormant phase of the organism. The...rst author on the paper, also speculate that spore formation
in Dictyostelium might provide a rapid way to screen for new drugs that mimic the anti-anxiety effec...
Data confirm panitumumab single-agent antitumor activity in patients with mCRC
...ent (n=107), no human antihuman antibodies (HAHAs) formation
was observed. Phase 1 Open-Label Dose Escalation Trial Suggests Panitumumab May Provide for Flexible Dosing Schedules in Cancer Patients [Poster K4, Abstract #3059] Additional data from a Phase 1 open-label dose escalation trial were presented by L...
Researchers develop assay that could be applied to drug screening
...ng and a novel fluorescence assay to visualize the formation
of clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) at single clathrin-coated pits (CCPs) with a time resolution of seconds. "Although the basic model of clathrin-mediated endocytosis was proposed 41years ago, there are many basic questions outstanding," Zenisek said...
News tips: NASA presentations at Annual 2005 Joint Assembly Meeting
...other chemical species involved in carbon monoxide formation
and destruction, including water vapor, methane, nitrogen dioxide and nitric acid. Time/Location: Monday, May 23 at 2:30 p.m. EDT (1:30 p.m. local CDT), Hall B Presenters: Linda A. Hunt, NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC), Hampton, Va. ICESat Obse...
Marine sponge yields nanoscale secrets
...ers learned that this enzyme actively promotes the formation
of the glass while simultaneously serving as a template to guide the shape of the growing mineral (glass) that it produces. These discoveries are significant because they represent a low temperature, biotechnological, catalytic route to the nanostruc...
New understanding of DNA repair may pave way to cancer treatments
...DNA repair, an intracellular process that prevents formation
of genetic mutations, including those that lead to cancer. "This is the first time we've seen a protein which has been implicated in gene regulation possess an independent function--in DNA repair--while both functions are uncoupled from one another...
Midday sun holds the key to good health
...um and phosphate from food and is essential in the formation
of bones and teeth. A deficiency of Vitamin D leads to a failure of the bones to grow and causes rickets in children and osteoporosis in adults. Recent research also suggests that Vitamin D can help reduce the risks of colon, breast and prostate canc...
First frozen egg baby born in Canada
...een relatively unsuccessful because they allow the formation
of ice crystals, damaging the cells and rendering ...han 20,000C per minute, which prevents ice crystal formation
and increases egg survival to approximately 90%. The frozen eggs can then be safely stored in the Cr...
MSKCC researchers uncover structure of key protein complex in cells
... enabling the p53 suppressor protein to stifle the formation
of tumors. Three scientists -- two Israelis and an American -- were awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work showing that ubiquitin marks other proteins for destruction. SUMO-1 does not appear to label other proteins for destruction....
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