Tag: "fundamental" at biology news

Economics and ecology combine at UGA in NSF-funded study of evolutionary game theory

...ng. As an independent federal agency, NSF supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering, with an annual budget exceeding $5.5 billion. Keenan has a research background in the area of game theory, which he said was originally developed to study the conscious interaction...

Stanford environmental molecular science institute will study pollutants, one molecule at a time

... take it apart, deconstruct it, to understand at a fundamental level what's happening to these pollutants.'' Iden...n the United States, whose goal is to increase the fundamental understanding of environmental processes at the molecular level. The emphasis is on interdisciplinar...

BU chemist to map DNA's surface, uncovering details that will show how structure abets function

...ientists a finely detailed picture of how the most fundamental aspects of naked DNA -- DNA without proteins bound to its surface -- influence its function. Tullius is one of six principal investigators to receive technology development grants from NHGRI, a part of the National Institutes of Health. The new gr...

Four new vertebrate fossil finds in Ischigualasto, Argentina

...rs appeared. "Earthwatch volunteers have played a fundamental role in our expeditions," said Alcober. "In addition to providing funding, some of the most important findings in this basin were made by volunteers." The establishment of Ischigualasto-Talampaya National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, allowed t...

Stowers Institute scientist named American Cancer Society research professor

..., president and CEO of the Stowers Institute. "His fundamental research on chromosome behavior ranks among the best in this field. It is gratifying to see the excellence of Dr. Hawley's work and its relevance to cancer acknowledged by this appointment." "Since arriving in Kansas City three years ago, Dr....

International marine survey of coral death

... fill critically important information gaps in the fundamental understanding of coral reef ecosystems so that management and policy interventions can be strengthened globally," according to C. Drew Harvell, a Cornell University professor of ecology and one leader of the coral reef assessment. Harvell observes th...

Global warming's impact on US plants, animals determined from review of dozens of studies

...imes greater than the last, we're heading toward a fundamental and potentially irreversible disruption of the U.S. landscape and wildlife," said Eileen Claussen, president of the non-profit Pew Center on Global Climate Change in Arlington, Va. A 2001 report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change invo...

Genetic variant linked to weakened heart pumping

...ntists have studied PPAR extensively because it is fundamental to cellular metabolism. Most of these studies, however, are in the context of diabetes. The Duke team found that a particular variant of PPAR, a polymorphism called PPAR-I7, is associated with reduced function of the left ventricle. If additional st...

Award will help unlock mysteries of one of Earth's most important organisms

...Sciences. "Ginger is doing work that is absolutely fundamental to so many areas of ocean science and the ocean's impacts on our planet. This award will let her live the dream of all scientists, to truly following her passion and ideas wherever they lead." Since joining the faculty of the UW School of Oceanograp...

Ancient creature fossilized by the bacteria that ate it

...ong ago. The first find answers one of the most fundamental questions in paleontology -- why some creatures fossilize even though they lack the mineral-rich bones, teeth, or shells that are normally required for the process. The second find corroborates other evidence that a particular type of bacteria has...

Investigating the Columbia River and Estuary: A primary focus of research

... Laboratory, reports how periphyton communities a fundamental ecosystem food source fare in the Columbia groundwater/river interface when exposed to strontium-90, which has resulted from past Hanford nuclear materials production. Effects of hexavalent chromium on fall Chinook salmon in the Columbia River ...

November nutrition news from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts

...iquitin pathway. Free radicals are thought to be a fundamental cause of many degenerative diseases and the aging process and can be produced naturally in the body over time, or they can be caused by environmental factors--such as air pollution, cigarette smoking, and pesticides. Antioxidants, found in many fruit...

Study in Royal Society journal on evidence for impact of global warming on bird populations

...ns. In thermal systems the balance between the two fundamental driving forces of energy and entropy governs the directions of the changes. The same balance between energy and entropy, which measures disorder, governs the force distributions in random materials; though the linking quantity between energy and entr...

A puzzle posed by black-headed ducks yields to persistent biologists

...-headed duck eggs differ from coot eggs in so many fundamental ways that any incremental change in egg size or coloration would not yield an advantage for the ducks and would not be favored by natural selection. The researchers confirmed this idea experimentally by adding painted eggs to coot nests. They found t...

Genetic discovery paves way to decode sense of smell in mammals

...ical or chemicals to which they respond. "In a fundamental way, the manner in which odorant receptors function remains a mystery due to technical difficulties that have largely prevented the necessary experiments," Matsunami said. "The finding of these accessory proteins opens the door toward understanding t...

Study in Royal Society journal on possible genetic factors in social responsiblity

... Inbreeding uncovers fundamental differences in the genetic load affecting male and female fertility in a butterfly by Dr IJ Saccheri, Dr HD Lloyd, Dr SJ Heylar and Professor PM Brakefield The focus of inbreeding depression studies has been on viability, wit...

Racial disparities noted in immune system genes

...jury and illness. Inflammation is believed to be a fundamental component of heart attack, stroke, diabetes and kidney disease, all of which strike African Americans in higher proportions than whites. Other disorders associated with the inflammatory response include premature labor, transplant rejection and autoi...

Wobble hypothesis stands up, NC state researcher finds

... Carolina State University biochemist advances the fundamental biology of how genetic information, encoded in DNA, is decoded for the production of proteins. Dr. Paul F. Agris, professor of biochemistry at NC State, and academic colleagues from England and Poland show concrete evidence in favor of the 1966 "Wob...

Chimpanzee brains are asymmetrical in key areas and their handedness reflects it

...mmetries advance the position that asymmetries are fundamental aspects of the nervous system of all primates, and apply to more primitive systems in the brain." The asymmetries influence behavior. Given the new findings about chimps and previous findings that the limbic system affects human facial expression a...

Efforts to clone primates move forward

.... Schatten, Simerly and their colleagues described fundamental flaws they observed in nonhuman primate embryonic ...s. Our hope is to help advance the preclinical and fundamental knowledge accurately and swiftly so that perhaps clinical trials on stem cell donations might be res...

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(Date:11/6/2014)... Except when that predator runs so fast that it essentially ... is the fastest creature on Earth. Some of these half-inch-long ... five miles per hour). The fastest human can do about ... tiger beetle, a person would have to hit 480 miles ... At peak speeds, everything becomes a blur. They can,t gather ...
(Date:11/5/2014)... show great diversity in their ability to identify scents ... differ in their perceptual evaluation of odors, with women ... , Sex differences in olfactory detection may play ... connected to one,s perception of smell, which is naturally ... superiority has been suggested to be cognitive or emotional, ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... 4, 2014) — Think about the way our bodies ... neighboring cells know that they are supposed to become ... these tissues find the correct place and alignment? Researchers ... crucial questions. , In a new study, UM researchers ... with their surrounding neighbors, at the head-trunk region. Their ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The tiger beetle: Too fast to see 2The female nose always knows: Do women have more olfactory neurons? 2The inside story: How the brain and skull stay together 2
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