Tag: "gaps" at biology news

Component of volcanic gas may have played a significant role in the origins of life on Earth

...how life originated is one of the most interesting gaps in our knowledge--interesting perhaps because we know approximately when it occurred, but we do not know how it occurred. The earliest fossils scientists have found are stromatolites--large clumps of cyanobacteria that grew in abundance in the a...

Acoustics meeting in San Diego

...'Spain and Wartzok will also discuss the extensive gaps in existing knowledge and will discuss areas of needed research. (Paper 1eID1) THE ACOUSTICS OF EMOTION As computers improve their ability to both recognize and mimic human speech, researchers are beginning to explore such new realms as "automat...

New study on smallpox in monkeys reveals tactics of a killer

... of NIAID. "This new research fills in some of the gaps in our understanding of smallpox. Now we are better positioned to speed the development of protective measures." Related research, also published online in PNAS this week, set the stage for Dr. Relman's smallpox study. In this work, researchers at...

Rutgers is on the 'NIH Roadmap'

...ad map concept to identify major opportunities and gaps in biomedical research and address them in ways to make the biggest impact on the progress of medical research. A crucial element in this approach is interdisciplinary collaboration and research encouraged and promoted by NIH. "We have made remarkabl...

Expert panel offers prelimary report on health effects of assisted reproductive technologies

... and the public. To clarify what is known and what gaps remain, Kathy Hudson, Ph.D., director of the Genet...irths. The panel also identified a number of gaps in existing knowledge and is developing recommendations for well-designed research and surveillance ...

International human genome sequencing consortium describes finished human genome sequence

...genome sequence is perfect. There still remain 341 gaps in the finished human genome sequence, in contrast to the 150,000 gaps in the working draft announced in June 2000. The technology now available cannot readily close these...

New DNA repair enzyme makes mistakes to save lives of cells

...family of polymerases, which are known for filling gaps during DNA replication. Now with a better understanding of how its role is to permit replication to proceed, the authors note in the current study that POL-Q's behavior is more consistent with the Y family of polymerases that bypass damage. Indeed, c...

NIH funds rare childhood disease to provide insights into the origins of adult cancer

...sually normal. As with any rare disease, there are gaps in the understanding of the natural history of this disorder. And while cancer risk is increased, by how much is still unknown. The DBA Registry of North America was established in 1993 by Adrianna Vlachos, MD, associate section head of stem cel...

International marine survey of coral death

...ent aims "to fill critically important information gaps in the fundamental understanding of coral reef ecosystems so that management and policy interventions can be strengthened globally," according to C. Drew Harvell, a Cornell University professor of ecology and one leader of the coral reef assessment. ...

Building a tree of life needs less 'wood'

...abases. They found that even though there were big gaps in the data, with many groups of organisms represented by a single sequence, it was still possible to construct useful trees starting from samples of 16,000 green plants and 7,500 plants and animals. "It's pretty surprising that you can draw conc...

2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species reveals 15,589 species at risk of extinction

...) and one in four mammals (23%); There are major gaps in our knowledge of threatened species, and many s...sistance. Despite the ominous outlook and the many gaps in knowledge, the GSA points out that species can (and many have) been saved from extinction, althou...

Satellites plus software equal best-ever Mediterranean heat map

..., while the outputs from the model make up for any gaps in coverage. With maximised coupling between actual observations and the numerical model, output data can be credibly used for operational tasks such as sea state and algal bloom forecasting, and predicting the path of oil spills. And these models ca...

Cells don festive holiday colors

... of the proteins to longer wavelengths, filling in gaps in the spectrum of colors, said Tsien. In the Nature Biotechnology article, the researchers also reported a demonstration of the improved functionality of the new proteins. They fused the protein mCherry (the "m" stands for monomeric) to proteins tha...

The death of a very special chimpanzee

...Clint, which can be used to work out any kinks and gaps in the chimp sequence. But living cell lines are not the perfect way to preserve a genome, because they mutate and change. They can also die, which is what happened to a few cell lines created during the publicly funded Human Genome Project. The anon...

National Academy news: Water quality improvement in southwestern Pennsylvania

...as a result of poor water quality, but significant gaps in public health monitoring prevented a thorough assessment. Efforts to collect more data on water problems -- and to use it to inform decisions and measure progress -- should be made as the region works to implement solutions, the committee said. ...

Hominids lose control

...ax of gene sequences--and filling in more and more gaps in the human story, letter by letter. ...

Molecular biology fills gaps in knowledge of bat evolution

...now North America. This latest research helps fill gaps in the evolutionary history of one of the most diverse group of mammals on earth and the only mammals capable of powered flight. The fossil record alone left bat evolutionary history about 61 percent incomplete, according to Springer. Bats play a maj...

Bridging gaps to save lives: UH hosts nanotechnology conference

HOUSTON, Feb. 17, 2005 Bridging gaps between medicine, biology, materials science, public policy and nanotechnology to provide new clinical approaches for saving lives, the Alliance for NanoHealth (ANH) is holding a workshop from 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m., Wednesday, Feb. 23, hosted by the Un...

2005 ASM biodefense research meeting

...re agents. The meeting will also seek to identify gaps where more research is needed. The first day of the conference will be devoted to workshop presentations by representatives of various government agencies designed to help researchers better understand the government's approach to and priorities in ...

NHGRI targets 12 more organisms for genome sequencing

...anisms with the greatest potential to fill crucial gaps in biomedical knowledge," said Mark S. Guyer, Ph.D., director of NHGRI's Division of Extramural Research. "The most effective approach we currently have to identify the essential functional and structural components of the human genome is to compare ...

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(Date:10/17/2014)... Copenhagen have shown for the first time how bacteria ... patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous insights ... The study also discovered the bacterial growth in chronic ... or slowed down by the immune cells. The researchers ... helped "suffocate" the bacteria, forcing the bacteria to switch ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... human body. Battles are won, lost or sometimes ... stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last up to 25 ... is poorly understood. , A new computational ... a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton University, may ... the switch to a malignant state. Published today ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... Oregon and Washington land managers have a new synthesis ... eastside moist mixed-conifer (MMC) forests in the two states. ... Forests in Eastern Oregon and Washington: A Synthesis of ... Management, a general technical report published by the U.S. ... response to a request from managers for a synthesis ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2Modeling tumor dormancy 2New report synthesizes best available science on management of moist mixed-conifer forests 2
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