Tag: "gender" at biology news
Study finds gender differences in renal and other genes contributing to blood pressure
AUSTIN, TX -- Many common diseases exhibit gender
bias and gender
differences have been observed in the development of high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart (c...
Female gender provides an advantage in renal diseases
...cystic kidney disease (PKD). The physiology behind gender
differences and renal disease is still uncertain, but the distinct characteristics of male and female kidney size, along with diet and the presence of hypertension, have all been thought to play a part. Sex hormones (estrogen, testosterone) have also...
Sugar and spice and everything nice: Health differences in newborn girls and boys
...epancies among some newborns. One study found that gender
differences in the heart may help explain why infa...rimental affects. Thus, to better understand the gender
effects of infant liver transplantation, the researchers examined anaerobic end-product accumulation...
Disabling a sensory organ prompts female mice to act like male mice
...in behavior between animals of a given species are gender
based," Dulac explained, but little is known about...e mice, Dulac noted, but that may be the extent of gender
differences in the brain. The work of Dulac and her colleagues promises to open a new window to the...
Females more prone to brain damage from alcohol abuse
...rain cell death, than male mice. It also found the gender
difference exists whether the animals are prone to severe withdrawal due to a genetic predisposition, or resistant to it. Wiren said she was surprised by the results. "We designed the experiment to be able to identify gene expression differences ...
U-M, Israeli scientists report major advance in search for genes associated with colon cancer
...900 healthy people with the same breakdown of age, gender
and ethnicity - either Ashkenazi Jew, Sephardic Jew or Arab/non-Jew. Samples of tumor tissue from many cancer patients were also tested. The genetic link between the marker and colon cancer was especially strong among patients diagnosed with colon ca...
Fine particulate matter from traffic may influence birth weight
...ll as the duration of the pregnancy and the childs gender
could be controlled for. The proportion of newborns with a birth weight below 3,000 grams increased with increasing concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2,5) during pregnancy. A similar association was observed between the absorbance of fin...
Link between obesity and enlarged heart discovered by University of Arizona researchers
...y, was the strongest predictor of LVH, followed by gender
and Body Mass Index. While the cause of LVH in obese patients is not known, it may be related to increased work load or to the presence of other cardiac risk factors in these patients. The findings may guide physicians who study obesity and car...
UD awarded $11M for osteoarthritis research and unique mentoring program for women scientists
...y ombudswoman and University-wide presentations on gender
issues, including promotion and tenure, are being planned. Women faculty are directing the grant's five research projects. Two are led by senior faculty, who also are helping to mentor the junior faculty in charge of the remaining projects. Mary ...
Pendulum love, science class gender gaps, musical mind mirrors, and unparticle physics
...ve classrooms. There were some instances where the gender
gap got worse, particularly in the partially interactive classrooms. On the bright side, both male and female students performed better in the interactive classes than students laboring in traditional lecture-based classes. Overall, however, male s...
MU researchers to study the status of black bears in Missouri
... use that DNA to estimate the number of bears, the gender
ratio of male to female bears, where the bears are migrating from and if they are reproducing. This study is a good example of the use of cutting-edge molecular biology in the management of Missouris wildlife, Eggert said. Were pleased to work wit...
Slow wave activity during sleep is lower in African-Americans than Caucasians
...s compared to Caucasians who were matched for age, gender
and body weight, according to a research abstract that will be presented Tuesday at SLEEP 2007, the 21st Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies (APSS). Dr. Esra Tasali and colleagues at the University of Chicago collected ove...
Sexual orientation affects how we navigate and recall lost objects, but age just targets gender
...general, over the range of tasks measured, where a gender
performed better in a task heterosexuals of that gender
tended to perform better than non-heterosexuals. When a particular gender
was poorer at a task homos...
A close-up on pancreatic disease: How do we improve the odds?
...m identified predictors of malignancy such as age, gender
and symptoms (abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting,...arcinomas, 17 invasive carcinomas in IPMN). Male gender
seemed to predict malignancy (19/67, 28%) compared to females (12/99, 12%), as did older age (averag...
Brain, size and gender surprises in latest fossil tying humans, apes and monkeys
... relatives. Modern-day primates with significant gender
size differences usually form multimale and multifemale troops, he said. "When you are in a large troop, that means maybe 15 or 20 individuals. So if we infer that an Aegyptopithecus had a large social group, that suggests it had enough sense to tel...
Prenatal nicotine exposure can lead to cardiac function reprogramming in adult offspring
...pring. In addition, the effect of nicotine shows a gender
dichotomy with females being more susceptible than males. The selective effect of nicotine on coronary flow in the female heart may contribute to the increased susceptibility of female vs. male hearts, in response to ischemia and reperfusion-induc...
Hearts of male and female rainbow trout are different
...ed under hypoxic (oxygen shortage) conditions, but gender
was not specifically examined. Nor were comparison...t humans. A new research study begins to close the gender
gap in fishes, and finds that sex differences in cardiac performance and metabolism exist in rainbow...
Spousal choices can influence the risk of developing alcoholism
... Grant and her colleagues also assessed potential gender
differences in the direction and magnitude of spousal influence, but found none. "This is quite interesting," noted Grant, "because it suggests that men and women are equally susceptible to the influences of their partner." Both Grant and Vanyukov...
Crane hatching marks a first for Smithsonian's National Zoo
...emographically stable. The wattled crane chick's gender
is unknown, and staff are awaiting the results of blood tests for the answer. The Zoo waited to announce the hatching until it was determined that both of its first-time parents would be able to care for it properly. The chick and its parents may be ...
Gender linked to development of skin cancer
COLUMBUS, Ohio -- Inherent gender
differences instead of more sun exposure may be ...first time anyone has ever looked at the effect of gender
on the development of UVB-induced skin cancers in such a controlled environment," says Oberyszyn. "I...
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