Tag: "hospitals" at biology news

New strategies to reduce hospital-acquired infections

...and death from infections that patients acquire in hospitals has created a renewed focus on identifying ways to...he healthcare environment. "Infections acquired in hospitals and healthcare institutions affect approximately two million people resulting in about 98,000 deaths...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...s ability to inhibit strains of S. aureus found in hospitals and other species of Staphylococcus associated with bovine infections. It was determined that modified phage K was able to weaken all fourteen strains isolated in the sample bacteria. A handwashing study was also conducted in which a solution conta...

Whale bones and farm soil: Sequencing biodiversity

... their soil to fighting bacterial contamination in hospitals to characterizing microbes in a patient's mouth." In the current study, Bork worked with EMBL scientist Christian von Mering and US collaborators to analyze two very different samples: whale skeletons from the bottom of the ocean floor and soil from ...

Researchers make gains in understanding antibiotic resistance

...cs published in the journal Nature, stating that hospitals in the United States see some two million cases of antibiotic-resistant infections each year; 90,000 patients die annually from such infections. In their experiments, Steitz and his colleagues used x-ray crystallography to do high-resolution structu...

Neural tube defects decrease with folic acid fortification

...razil, researchers performed a survey of maternity hospitals in the ECLAMC (Latin American Collaborative Study ...percent in the 2001-2002 period. Because different hospitals might experience different rates in neural tube defects at different times, the study examined only ...

Check colon tumors for signs of syndrome, study suggests

...ts with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer from six hospitals in the Columbus, OH, metropolitan area. Tumor cells from each patient were tested for microsatellite instability (MSI), a hallmark of Lynch syndrome. MSI occurs in more than 90 percent of Lynch syndrome tumors. To learn the frequency of Lynch syndro...

Season of birth influences age of menopause, say Italian researchers

...adulthood," he said. The study, at four university hospitals (Bologna, Ferrara, Modena and Parma), was carried out on 2,822 women who were at least a year past the menopause. It found that the mean age of menopause was 49.42 49.04 for spring-born women and 49.97 for autumn-born women. Dr Cagnacci, associate ...

Birth factors associated with risk for autism

... after 1972 and discharged from Danish psychiatric hospitals after a diagnosis of infantile or atypical autism through November 1999. Information on the children's parents was also obtained. The initial data was collected from nationwide registries in Denmark. Dr. Eaton explained that previous autism studies ...

To stop evolution: New way of fighting antibiotic resistance demonstrated by Scripps scientists

...ut 70 percent of bacteria that cause infections in hospitals are resistant to at least one antibiotic, and some are so resistant that no antibiotics are effective, and they must be treated with experimental and potentially toxic drugs. Now some super bugs -- multiple drug-resistant bacteria -...

American Indians and Alaska Native veterans have higher mortality rate after surgery than Caucasians

...ta on 4,419 male patients at Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals across the country. "As a nation, we want to deliver healthcare that is equal across all ethnic groups and races, but we're finding that some disparities exist," said lead author, Dr. Lori Arviso Alvord, assistant professor of surgery and of psychi...

Experts hope policy breathes life into asthma treatment method

...prescribe. The holding chambers also cost less for hospitals and patients a spacer typically costs $20 whereas a nebulizer can cost $150 to buy save time, do not require electricity and are more portable, making this method a better choice for most patients, Hendeles added. Most patients with breathing troub...

Quantum dots provide a faster, more sensitive method for detecting respiratory viral infections

...it is growing in the culture. This has caused many hospitals to switch to a technique called real time PCR, which is extremely sensitive but still takes 36 to 48 hours because of the need for a highly trained molecular biologist to conduct the test in a reference laboratory. There is also a third method, calle...

Medical advances, new discoveries highlighted at Society of Nuclear Medicine's 52nd Annual Meeting

...ng with the steps that need to be taken to prepare hospitals for terrorist events involving radioactive materials. The session, which is designed for physicians, scientists and technologists who are likely to be called on to help if a terrorist event involving radioactive materials occurs in their locale, is c...

Treating pregnancy-related diabetes is a win-win for mum and baby

... women and 1030 babies recruited, and involving 14 hospitals in Australia and four in the United Kingdom," Prof Crowther said. Gestational diabetes affects between two and nine percent of all women in pregnancy. For the women, having gestational diabetes is a strong risk factor for developing diabetes in later...

Maternal alcohol use increases the risk of newborn infections

... 36 to 42 weeks of gestation at two large delivery hospitals in Atlanta, Georgia between February 1993 and December 1994. Following delivery, mothers were asked about alcohol and tobacco use in the three months prior to conception, and during the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. Information, i...

'Win-win' economic strategy for mobile PET/CT imaging reported at SNM's 52nd Annual Meeting

...phy (CT) imaging services in-house, small regional hospitals can cut costs and offer expanded services to their...tag may be a major factor for many small community hospitals that need such services but lack funding or patient volume to support an on-site fixed dedicated sys...

Agricultural antibiotic use contributes to 'super-bugs' in humans

...nown that a high rate of antibiotic prescribing in hospitals contributes to the emergence of drug resistant bacteria. But for some antibiotics, an even more important factor contributing to such emergence, argues a team of researchers in the open access international medical journal PLoS Medicine , is the us...

New treatment extends survival for patients with advanced lung cancer

...d Toronto Western Hospital. All three are teaching hospitals affiliated with the University of Toronto....

Improving artificial heart top goal of award-winning research at UH

...enting government, universities, industry, private hospitals and independent research groups. "This is an international competition and a very prestigious award," said Metcalfe. "It's a special honor to be considered and to get the award when the other candidates are graduate students, research engineers, as...

TGen and NAU awarded multi-million dollar grant to identify genetic signatures of pathogens

...nvironment. "Each day thousands of patients in our hospitals and around the world are facing life-threatening situations caused by these infections," said Dr. Ellen Feigal, Senior Vice President of Research and Deputy Scientific Director of TGen. "This public/private collaboration will accelerate more accurate...

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(Date:10/17/2014)... is critical and pertinent for practicing physicians and clinicians ... epidemic. The Journal, Disaster Medicine and Public Health ... and Public Health, to surround the public, medical professionals ... moment. , On October 17, the journal published ... primer was prepared by Dr. Eric Toner, internist and ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... the human body. Battles are won, lost or ... this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last up to ... that is poorly understood. , A new ... Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton University, ... and the switch to a malignant state. Published ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... can be cultivated efficiently, they are anything but ... by monoculture cultivation is becoming increasingly evident. Despite ... form and are regarded as the sole possibility ... quite wrongfully, finds Bernhard Schmid, an ecology professor ... novel form of agriculture and forestry. After all, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Modeling tumor dormancy 2Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 2Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 3
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