Tag: "human" at biology news
Diatom genome reveals key role in biosphere's carbon cycle
...n width--as many as 70 could fit in the width of a human
hair--Thalassiosira pseudonana is among the smallest diatoms. Like its brethren, it is encased by a frustule, a rigid cell wall delicately marked with pores in patterns distinctive enough for scientists to tell the species apart. Another new finding...
NIH awards new $14.5 million, five-year grant to the Scripps Research Institute
... area of immense medical potential. Now that the human
genome and the genomes of dozens of different orga...tructures and functions of all the proteins in the human
body, which will reveal a wealth of information on the biology of human
health and disease. "Every...
US researchers show cottonseed drug is cancer treatment booster
...made the tumours more sensitive to radiotherapy in human
prostate tumours in mice. The study demonstrates for the first time that (-)-gossypol enhances the anti-tumour efficacy of radiation therapy both in vitro and in vivo with increased induction of apoptosis. Dr. Xu explained: "The significance of this ...
32 new grants made for innovative technology R&D
...uman Monoclonal AntibodiesDevelop a semi-synthetic human
immune system on colloidal gold nanoparticles, to make wholly human
monoclonal antibodies in vitro for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases. D...
Yearling horse auction to benefit equine research
...l development in ways that may prove beneficial to human
medicine. The work views nutrition of the horse from the points of reproduction, growth, exercise physiology, and health, Staniar said. Research projects examine fluctuations in pasture carbohydrate concentrations, cartilage and bone development, the...
Amgen investigational therapy, AMG 162, increased bone mineral density with twice yearly injection
...bout AMG 162 AMG 162 is an investigational, fully human
monoclonal antibody with a unique mechanism of act...ith high affinity to, and inhibits the activity of human
RANK (receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B) Ligand, the primary mediator of bone resorption....
Of lice and men
...fested reveals that a now-extinct species of early human
came into direct contact with our species about 25...und only in the Americas, evolved on another early human
species (possibly Homo erectus) and jumped to Homo sapiens during fights, sex, sharing of clothes or...
An embryonic stem cell model for Parkinson's disease
...gs. The authors are hoping to extend their work to human
embryonic stem cells, but their work is limited by the availability of such cells under the current NIH guidelines. ...
Columbia University scientist wins 2004 Nobel Prize
...s is believed to be the largest gene family in the human
genome. "I'm deeply honored and very pleased," said Dr. Axel. "This honor represents the long efforts of the many faculty, students and fellows who have worked within our laboratories at Columbia University Medical Center. I have received enormo...
HHMI researchers Richard Axel and Linda Buck win 2004 Nobel Prize
...d of some 1,000 different genes (three per cent of human
genes) that give rise to an equivalent number of olfactory receptor types. These receptors are located on the olfactory receptor cells, which occupy a small area in the upper part of the nasal epithelium and detect the inhaled odorant molecules. In 1...
Talented sniffer: A receptor known for guiding sperm to egg plays a role in the nose
Researchers have found that a human
olfactory receptor protein previously shown to act...the egg during fertilization, is also expressed in human
olfactory tissues in the nose and functions in our sense of smell. This remarkable dual capacity mar...
Research team develops nonhuman primate model of smallpox infection
...an animal model of smallpox that closely resembles human
disease, which will be necessary for testing of fu...orm lethality and end-stage lesions resembling the human
disease, in monkeys exposed by the combined route of infection. According to the authors, death usua...
Stanford researchers establish center for physics-based simulations of biological structures
...egrate, analyze, model, simulate and share data on human
health and disease. Establishment of the four cent...t can simulate everything from proteins folding to human
movement." Mathematical and computational models provide the framework for understanding complexity...
Head lice reveal contact between modern and ancient humans
One of the hottest debates in the study of human
origins centers on whether modern Homo sapiens i...ugh genetic data have provided insight into recent human
evolution, fossils remain the only available evidence for many archaic human
species, but this is no...
Dying cells encourage neighbors to grow
...ism contributes to hyperplasia in mouse models and human
malignancies," offers Dr. Steller. ...
NIH funds first nationaL SNP genotyping center at Broad Institute
...s genes. The most common type of variation in the human
genome is the single nucleotide polymorphism, or S...ted that there are at least 10 million SNPs in the human
population, although no two individuals will vary at every such position. Scientists have found tha...
New biosensor rapidly detects deadly foodborne pathogen
...ducts, which are cooked or otherwise processed for human
consumption before they make it to a grocer's shelves. "Since precooked meats have already been processed, the bulk of microorganisms that were present in the raw product have been eliminated," Bhunia said. "We don't exp...
Most promising clinical uses for stem cells from fat agreed on by international society
... move forward with the ultimate goal of performing human
clinical trials to test the cells' therapeutic pot...still quite preliminary. There are currently no human
trials in the United States evaluating the potential of stem cells derived from fat, but in reaching...
NIH awards Emory and Georgia Tech $10 million for partnerships in cancer nanotechnology
...or about 100,000 times smaller than the width of a human
hair. Most animal cells are 10,000- 20,000 nanometers in diameter, so nanoscale devices are tiny enough to enter cells and analyze DNA and proteins, potentially identifying and treating cancerous cells at much earlier stages than currently possible. ...
Marine Biological Laboratory summer investigator wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry
...s as well, including cervical cancer caused by the human
papilloma virus. Because it is involved in the bod...in ligating complex in both clam eggs and cultured human
cells in hopes of learning even more about cell division in general and cancer more specifically. ...
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