Tag: "identified" at biology news

A key signaling molecule in osteoarthritis is identified

...efective collagen gene, scientists at Harvard have identified a signaling molecule involved in one of the most common causes of disability among the elderly in the United States, osteoarthritis. Inhibitors of this molecule's signaling may eventually be used to slow down the progression of the disease, thus help...

JCI table of contents, 3 January 2005

...nts following the 1986 nuclear plant accident have identified a novel genetic mutation event that occurs as a re... In their current study, Nukiforov and colleagues identified a novel oncogene in Chernobyl residents with papillary thyroid cancer. This oncogene resulted from f...

Genome comparison of four campylobacter strains yields new genetic markers and clues to virulence

... that infect bacteria), says the genome comparison identified novel phages in the Campylobacters. One of those phages has the potential to be developed as a tool for genetic manipulation of the microbe in ways that would benefit food safety or health, he adds. TIGR's genome sequencing and analysis of the ...

Cincinnati study of Chernobyl residents uncovers new cause of thyroid cancer

...nts following the 1986 nuclear plant accident have identified a novel genetic mutation event that occurs as a re.... In their current study, Nukiforov and colleagues identified a novel oncogene in Chernobyl residents with papillary thyroid cancer. This oncogene resulted from f...

Pitt scientists study how cancer cells get out of control

...- Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have identified how a single aberrant cell can duplicate to form cancerous tumors, suggesting a specific protein mechanism as a target for the treatment of cancer, they report in a paper titled "Spindle Multipolarity Is Prevented by Centrosomal Clustering," publishe...

Researchers tease out one critical role of tumor-suppressor gene

...hard J. Solove Research Institute. The researchers identified part of the molecular pathway that may help explain this reduction in mature macrophages: Cells carry a gene called Id2, an inhibitor protein that, in this case, probably kept macrophages from maturing. In a normal cell, it's thought that Rb counterb...

Put science at center of decision-making on third world development, experts tell UN

...e, and, ultimately, a vaccine)." The working group identified 10 biotech breakthroughs deemed most important for improving health in developing countries within the decade (see http://www.utoronto.ca/jcb/home/news_genomics.htm ). Topping the list: new medical tools that quickly and accurately diagnose disease...

Scientists discover unique microbe in California's largest lake

...f new organisms from the Salton Sea that have been identified as part of Wood's study of the blue-green algae in the lake. With Miller, UO emeritus professor Richard Castenholz, and Canadian oceanographer William Li, she published a paper in the journal Hydrobiologia in 2002 that described five previously unk...

Mutations in transporter protein shed light on neurodegenerative disorders

...tations. To date a total of 18 mutations have been identified in addition to the Finnish mutation." To bette...s colleagues also evaluated the impact of sialin's identified mutations on sialic acid export and discovered a direct correlation between the degree of transport ...

Scientists reveal molecular secrets of the malaria parasite

...ite in the vector. Hall and scientists in Leiden identified evidence of an unusual method of gene regulation (...as the parasite enters the mosquito. Hall's group identified the gene regulation by comparing the genes expressed in the sexual stage transcriptome with the prot...

In Nature paper, scientists at U.Va. health system crack part of 'histone' code

...l his discovery, there have been very few proteins identified that recognize these methylation marks on histones. He said information has recently emerged about how genes can be turned off by histone methylation and how abnormal chemical modification of histones may underlie the formation of certain cancers. "T...

Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections

...mong fungi that affect humans. The Science study identified greater than 30 new genes likely involved in capsu...part gene on the opposite strand. Researchers also identified a high percentage of transposons (moveable elements) within the genome, which may account for the ge...

Researchers map genome of deadly fungus

...fungus and aids in biosynthesis. Because the study identified about 30 new genes that likely are involved in thi...h the process and stop infection. Researchers also identified differences between a highly virulent strain of C. neoformans and one that doesn't cause severe in...

Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA

...eir target genes. In December 2003, the same group identified 400 genes in the human genome targeted by microRNA...e microRNA is most important for this process, and identified additional determinants in the messenger RNA that are likely to contribute to recognition by microRN...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...neumonia Patients Researchers from Hong Kong have identified a novel coronavirus in patients suffering from pne...agents. The new virus, labeled CoV-HKU1, was first identified in a 71-year old pneumonia patient that had just returned from China. Following the discovery, nasa...

Combination therapy boosts effectiveness of telomere-directed cancer cell death

...omerase is not used by healthy cells, and has been identified as a logical target for anticancer therapeutics. However, recent studies indicate that for this therapy to be effective, telomeres must be in a critically short state, requiring an extended treatment duration that can lead to drug resistance and othe...

Genetic testing for Parkinson's disease on the horizon

... of disease susceptibility for Parkinson's disease identified so far." In an accompanying commentary Alexis Brice states that a number of issues need to be resolved before the results of these studies can be put into clinical practice. These include establishing the complete clinical spectrum associated with th...

New genetic mutation linked to Parkinson's disease

...ed is the most common cause of Parkinson's disease identified to date," said Dr. Foroud. "While a great deal of ...ight of 482 study participants. The Bonifati study identified the same LRRK2 gene mutation as the Cincinnati Children's study. Bonifati found the mutation in four...

Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinson's disease cases

...e most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease identified to date. The discovery by an international research team provides fresh evidence that genetics may contribute to the development of some cases of Parkinson's disease. The findings could lead to the development of a genetic test to detect the mutation...

Study identifies the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease

...mon genetic cause of inherited Parkinson's disease identified to date. The study, conducted by William C. Nicho...f 482 individuals in the study. The Bonifati study identified the same LRRK2 gene mutation as the Cincinnati Children's study. Bonifati found the mutation in four...

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(Date:11/6/2014)... Except when that predator runs so fast that it essentially ... is the fastest creature on Earth. Some of these half-inch-long ... five miles per hour). The fastest human can do about ... tiger beetle, a person would have to hit 480 miles ... At peak speeds, everything becomes a blur. They can,t gather ...
(Date:11/5/2014)... show great diversity in their ability to identify scents ... differ in their perceptual evaluation of odors, with women ... , Sex differences in olfactory detection may play ... connected to one,s perception of smell, which is naturally ... superiority has been suggested to be cognitive or emotional, ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... 4, 2014) — Think about the way our bodies ... neighboring cells know that they are supposed to become ... these tissues find the correct place and alignment? Researchers ... crucial questions. , In a new study, UM researchers ... with their surrounding neighbors, at the head-trunk region. Their ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The tiger beetle: Too fast to see 2The female nose always knows: Do women have more olfactory neurons? 2The inside story: How the brain and skull stay together 2
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