Tag: "immune" at biology news
Toxoplasmosis infection trick revealed by scientists
...fected via the placenta, and those with a weakened immune
system, such as people infected with HIV. In sever...ont have any symptoms. But for those with weakened immune
systems, and unborn babies, toxoplasmosis can cause very serious health problems....
UF scientists identify cancer virus' genetic targets
...ls are well nourished and protected from the human immune
system." Thought to be little more than cellular...or and blood vessel growth and influence the bodys immune
response, suggesting that the herpesvirus uses microRNA to create a cancerous environment in which i...
LIAI scientists make important finding on cytomegalovirus transmission
...odies to enhance the disease-fighting power of the immune
system. The research teams findings, based on con...entitled, "Cytomegalovirus exploits IL-10-mediated immune
regulation in the salivary glands." LIAI scientists Ian Humphreys, Ph.D., Carl Ware, Ph.D., and Mic...
Researchers publish first marsupial genome sequence
... the notion that marsupials possess only primitive immune
systems. The opossum genome has an unusual structure with fewer chromosomes than the human genome (9 pairs versus 23 pairs, respectively) but a longer total length (3.4 billion versus 3 billion bases, respectively). ...
Survival of the rarest: Fruit flies shed light on the evolution of behavior
... of spreading through a population that is already immune
to more common strains of the virus. In this case, flies carry one of two versions of the foraging gene (either the "rover" or "sitter" type). Rover larvae move around more than sitter larvae while feeding and they are also more likely to explore new...
University of Pittsburgh discovers genetic 'shut down' trigger in healthy immune cells
...anism that shuts down an important gene in healthy immune
system cells has been discovered that could one da...t such mutation that has been identified in normal immune
cells in blood," said Bora E. Baysal, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology and...
The opossum genome sequence casts light on evolution, immunity and disease
...arsupials, opossums are born without a functioning immune
system; they develop immunological tissues, organs...enfuss, A.T. 2007. Characterization of the opossum immune
genome provides insights into the evolution of the mammalian immune
system. Genome Res. doi:10.11...
NIH awards VBI, Mayo Clinic $2.4M to study chronic rhinosinusitis
...e of CRS patients have an overzealous inflammatory immune
response to antigens derived from common airborne ... lot of work to characterize the fungal-associated immune
responses in CRS patients. However, identifying the specific fungal antigens and other proteins cont...
Molecule that destroys bone also protects it, new research shows
BUFFALO, N.Y. -- An immune
system component that is a primary cause of bone d...fectious diseases, white blood cells of the innate immune
system called neutrophils play a critical role in fighting infections. In fact, humans with neutrop...
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researchers awarded $27M for TB research
...ted and developing TB. Trying to understand the immune
response to TB, why some and not others develop disease, why the TB vaccine that is used worldwide to protect newborn and very young children is ineffective in preventing TB in adolescents and adults, and determining who will respond rapidly and who ...
XDx to present recent success with AlloMap molecular expression testing
...sive blood test can detect cytomegalovirus-induced immune
responses in lung transplant patients. "These data continue to validate the outcomes of the Cardio Allograft Gene Expression Observational (CARGO) and LARGO studies and demonstrate how non-invasive molecular expression testing can be used clinical...
The stem cells that weren't there
...l amounts of islets that escape destruction by the immune
system. With sufficient biological knowledge and the appropriate techniques, it might even be possible to someday stimulate these residual beta cells inside patients to proliferate and produce healthy amounts of insulin. "We expected to find adult ...
Anthrax paralyzes immune cells with lethal toxin, UF research shows
...anthrax paralyzes the body's defenses and prevents immune
cells from reaching the site of infection. Anthr...smission of messages within the cell. As a result, immune
cells never receive the green light to assemble the actin motor, Southwick's findings demonstrate. ...
Vaccine prevents prion disease in mice
...are so similar to proteins found normally that the immune
system does not fight them off. To develop a vaccine that would stimulate the mice's immune
system, researchers attached prion proteins to a genetically modified strain of Salmonella. For t...
Keeping the immune system from starting a 'food fight'
After every meal, the body must prevent the immune
system from launching an all-out fight against foo...hat serves to protect against such an inflammatory immune
response. Their findings appear in the May 4, 2007 issue of the journal Cell, a publication of Cell ...
Scientists discover rare 'gene-for-gene' interaction that helps bacteria kill their host
...gue bacterium uses a single gene to out-fox insect immune
defences and kill its host. In research publishe...which inhibits the work of an enzyme that insects' immune
systems use to defend themselves from attack. Although such so-called gene-for-gene interactions a...
Cat hair at home poses an allergy risk, particularly for young children
...d to demonstrate the influence of lifestyle on the immune
system and the development of allergic diseases in children. Apart from the GSF Research Center for Environment and Health (GSF) and the Centre for Environmental Research Halle Leipzig (UFZ), other university and clinical partners are also involved....
'Insulator' helps silence genes in dormant herpes virus
...iding out in nearby nerve cells where the victim's immune
defenses cannot reach it, causing no symptoms at all. In order to escape detection by the body's immune
system, the latent virus works to silence genes that would cause it to replicate. In this dormant st...
Prenatal toxicity linked to immune dysfunctions in later life
...e two things in common: They involve an imbalanced immune
system and exaggerated inflammatory reactions (at ...lity. Toxins that are known to cause developmental immune
problems in fetuses and neonates, according to the Dieterts, include herbicides, pesticides, alcohol...
Researcher receives $1.8M AIDS-related grant
.... A disease that afflicts patients with a weakened immune
system, PML kills by, essentially, causing the bra...its damage. While many have theorized that damaged immune
systems of AIDS patients leave them vulnerable to otherwise benign viruses, Johnson, going a step fu...
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