Tag: "infectious" at biology news
Pollution causes 40 percent of deaths worldwide, study finds
...aterborne infections account for 80 percent of all infectious
diseases. Increased water pollution creates breeding grounds for malaria-carrying mosquitoes, killing 1.2 million to 2.7 million people a year, and air pollution kills about 3 million people a year. Unsanitary living conditions account for more than ...
OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells
...ed as a platform for testing new therapies against infectious
diseases that attack the liver, such as hepatitis C and malaria. "This has the potential, if it becomes easy to use and widely available, to change the way drugs are tested," said study leader Markus Grompe, M.D., professor of molecular and medical...
Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
...s of exploration for developing therapies to treat infectious
or inflammatory diseases, such as sepsis, diabetes...tion is natural, says Chen. If we didnt respond to infectious
agents, bacteria would kill us. However, the inflammatory response must be controlled or we could al...
National Ecological Observatory Network featured at ESA/SER Joint International Conference
...velopment; forest management; invasive species and infectious
diseases; nitrogen deposition; continental-scale climate change; agriculture and biofuels; ecohydrology; and climate change effects through the water cycle (rain or snow, permafrost, runoff). The focus of NEON complements the theme of the ESA/SER j...
Taming the anthrax threat
...at it cannot infect laboratory workers but remains infectious
in mice and other animals. The form is also used in animal anthrax vaccines. The scientists were able to profile all the significant genetic activities in the microbe at several points in time as it invaded the macrophage, germinated, killed its h...
47th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
... new information on clinical and basic research in infectious
diseases and anti-infective therapy, ICAAC has also traditionally served as a forum for the introduction of new antimicrobial agents. This years ICAAC will attract approximately 9,500 attendees from the United States and abroad and over 130 exhibito...
UF to lead research on life-threatening fungus
...ystemsdesigned to filter out Aspergillus and other infectious
agents, facilities can still have problems and som...-principal investigator and director of transplant infectious
diseases services and the clinical mycology laboratory at Duke University Medical Center. "These con...
Detecting transmissibility of avian influenza virus in human households
... so, using data that are easily collected for most infectious
Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV
...nd is the first study of this kind in the field of infectious
disease. Catalan participants have been coordinate...on of immune response capacity against a number of infectious
diseases, including AIDS. These variations are located in the short arm of chromosome 6 in genes con...
Genomic analysis uncovers new targets for HIV vaccine
...t time a genome-wide approach has been used for an infectious
disease, Goldstein said. Past studies have looked at individual candidate genes. Since different people respond differently to infections, a better understanding of how immune system genes control responses to infections should help us to design bett...
First genome-wide study of infectious disease opens new avenues for HIV treatment, vaccines
The first genome-wide association study of an infectious
disease, conducted by an international group of re... to apply genome-wide association techniques to an infectious
disease. People vary greatly in their vulnerability to HIV infection, notes Dr. Haynes. In particu...
CRESIB coordinates an international consortium to fight malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax
... to meet the needs of the centre. Malaria is an infectious
disease which can be caused by four species of the Plasmodium parasite: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae and P. ovale. P. falciparum and P. vivax are the most prevalent, the first being more virulent and responsible of most of the severe morbid...
Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
... choice for treatment of some bacterial and fungal infectious
diseases. In the study researchers identified a novel parasiticidal peptide named longicin from the tick species Haemaphysalis longicornis and tested its ability to inhibit infection. It showed a remarkable ability to inhibit the blood stage of eq...
Clues to future evolution of HIV come from African green monkeys
...ght." Wertheim adds, "Understanding how emerging infectious
diseases evolve in their natural host organism helps us understand the disease's possible trajectory." The team's next steps are figuring out exactly when SIV infected African green monkeys and studying SIVs in other species of monkeys. ...
Bernese Mountain Dogs prone to Borrelia burgdorferi infection
...e, whereas other breeds with a predilection for an infectious
disease become sick. The biological reasons behind infection with the bacteria and the consequences for Bernese Mountain Dogs are currently unknown....
Biodesign Institute leads innovative project to prevent cancer
...story has been the development of vaccines against infectious
disease. Developing a cancer vaccine would be the perfect solution, not only in eliminating cancer mortality, but also potentially some of the costs of diagnosis and treatment. The W.M. Keck Foundation Award will further push the boundaries of canc...
Maynard Olson receives $500,000 Gruber Genetics Prize
...ve real biological problems such as those posed by infectious
disease. So, as he has done several times before, he is showing the way....
Soil particles found to boost prion's capacity to infect
...disease (CWD) exhibit a dramatic increase in their infectious
nature when bound to common soil particles, accord...populations. "We found a huge difference between infectious
agent alone and infectious
agent bound to these soil particles," says Aiken, the senior author of th...
Specific type of cell death may accelerate decompensated heart failure
...edicine research fellow; Dr. Beth Levine, chief of infectious
diseases; and Dr. Beverly Rothermel, assistant professor of internal medicine....
Alzheimer's prevention role discovered for prions
...PrPc, found naturally in the brain is corrupted by infectious
prions to cause disease. The normal function of PrPc has been unclear. Using cells grown in the lab, the team looked at the effect of high and low levels of normal prion protein on the successful formation of beta amyloid, the source of Alzheimers...
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