Tag: "interfaces" at biology news
Where broken DNA is repaired
...ons. And a preponderance of RIF coincided with the interfaces
between the two kinds of DNA. "In terms of physics, there's no obvious explanation for this observation," says Costes. "In terms of biology, we have some pretty good guesses." What's evident is that the organization of the cell nucleus plays an...
New $1.16 million study investigates how dietary iron is used by cells
...ranged contiguously in the cells membranes, at the interfaces
between membranes and soluble compartments or within soluble compartments. The researchers will test this form-function model of ionic iron metabolism by focusing on three steps critical to maintaining the proper balance of iron in cells: 1) the r...
UN, industry, others partner to create world standards for e-scrap recycling, harvesting components
... needed infrastructure at a global scale, optimize interfaces
between manual, mechanical and metallurgical recycling and recovery processes, and minimize the environmental burden created by E-scrap." Improved re-use and recycling would also lessen the environmental impacts caused producing new electronic equ...
'Smart' prosthetics: restoring independence to people with disabilities
...posium, he will give an overview of brain-computer interfaces
(BCIs) systems that create a direct communication pathway between the brain and an external device such as a computer or a wheelchair. One example of a BCI is BrainGate, the mind-to-movement system that got its start in the Donoghue laboratory at ...
National Academies sessions at AAAS 2007 annual meeting, Feb. 16-19
...ralysis, blindness, and movement disorders through interfaces
to the nervous system. Researchers will also discuss challenges to the development of more precise and naturally functioning neuroprostheses. For more information visit: www.keckfutures.org Sustaining the Global Climate: Science, Ethics, and Pu...
Academy honors 18 for major contributions to science
...ley, "for numerous innovative contributions at the interfaces
of physical, organic, and inorganic chemistry, including the discoveries of alkane carbon-hydrogen bond oxidative addition and 1,4-benzene diradicals." The award, supported by the Merck Company Foundation, has been presented since 1979. NAS AWAR...
Fossilized liquid assembly: Nanomaterials research tool
... Like an oil-water mixture, the fluid forms liquid interfaces
that can be manipulated to create a desired hierarchical structure and then suddenly solidified with a burst of UV light. Lead researcher and physicist Alamgir Karim estimates that it takes about five minutes to make a sample of self-assembling part...
Top researcher-educators receive Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers
...sota is conducting research on flows that occur at interfaces
in many industrial, biomedical, and natural processes. Her state-of-the-art computational techniques include molecular effects that traditionally have been ignored. Her research will facilitate fundamental developments in interfacial fluid dynamics. ...
Suprising discovery may lead to new understanding of water quality
...ok description of how ions adsorb to mineral-water interfaces
has been shown to not be universally true. Argonn...fy the way specific ions interact at mineral-water interfaces
and visualize the phenomena directly. The findings built on earlier work on cation adsorption using...
Connections between neurons act as information filters in the brain
... in processing information: called synapses, these interfaces
act as precise filters that sense and amplify meaningful information, Salk researchers report in the current issue of PLoS Biology, available online. Neurons are often considered to be the primary computational units of the brain. But it was unclear ...
Tree of Life project grows more leaves and branches
...ife Project at UA, will discuss the system of user interfaces
being built by the project that will allow people ranging from research scientists to school children to publish information about organisms and their evolutionary relationships on the World Wide Web as part of the project. Schulz said, "It's bringin...
Microsoft funds new high-performance computing institute at CU
... by CTC can do it in minutes. CBSU has created Web interfaces
that allow researchers anywhere in the world to perform complex tasks remotely and also offers consulting services. "If you don't have experience in computational biology, talk to us and we will help you," Pillardy says. At CBSU he works with three s...
Satellite portrait of global plant growth will aid climate research
...n Plummer of IGBP oversees algorithm selection and interfaces
with product users. GLOBCARBON end users charged with assessing and validating the products comprise the Global Carbon Project (GCP) hosted in Canberra, Australia, the UK Centre for Terrestrial Carbon Dynamics (CTCD) in Sheffield, the Max Planck I...
Conference explores use of microbes in nanotechnology
...facture microscopic electronic devices Developing interfaces
between biological materials and nano-structures for applications such as disease detection, monitoring and control. Using bacteria and other biological materials for information processing or as biomachines. Using nanotechnology to diagnose and tr...
EURYI expands horizons for young scientific researchers in Europe
...d understanding of the properties of aqueous-solid interfaces
obtained." Michaelides' approach to his research i...ical that our lack of understanding of water-solid interfaces
be addressed. This project will help Europe to lead the way." Each of the 2005 EURYI Award winners w...
Cyberkinetics, Case to develop system to help restore extremity function
...ine Cyberkinetics' unique expertise in human brain interfaces
with the FES Center's unique expertise in using fu...er, the team has the potential to advance cortical interfaces
into the world of restorative rehabilitation as a "brain-body interface" (BBI). About the BrainGate...
UW-Madison small-scale research receives big boost
...years to continue its leading-edge research on the interfaces
of materials at the nanoscale. At this scale, mate...ys de Pablo. Another research group will study the interfaces
between inorganic materials, such as traditional gallium-nitride semiconductors, and organic molecul...
Virginia Tech research, graduate program focus on interfaces
...ss and energy transfer that takes place at natural interfaces
determines virtually every aspect of life. A Virgi...ia Tech's project will explore naturally occurring interfaces
among minerals, water, air, and microorganisms. The program also will explore the complex interfaces...
Circulating stem cells play small role in lung repair
... challenging organ to study because the air-tissue interfaces
make it difficult to separate different cell types." Applying advanced research techniques that previously had been used to analyze liver and bone marrow transplant recipients, the team found that nine of 25 lung tissue specimens from five recipient...
NIH awards $10.4 million to Scripps Research Institute and Scripps Florida
...comes from those screens. He will also develop the interfaces
for users and for scientific instruments so that data can be automatically analyzed and uploaded once acquired. The data will have to be standardized and pass quality control to ensure it is accurate and relevant. After the data is acqu...