Tag: "interpret" at biology news

NIH awards new $14.5 million, five-year grant to the Scripps Research Institute

...e and function. Some day scientists may be able to interpret and catalog the structures and functions of all the proteins in the human body, which will reveal a wealth of information on the biology of human health and disease. "Everybody feels that structural biology needs better tools for producing certain ...

Columbia University scientist wins 2004 Nobel Prize

... to identify food, smell predators and observe and interpret their environments. In humans, smells warn us if food has gone bad and can be powerful enough to trigger distinct memories years later. Axel and his colleagues also developed gene transfer techniques that permit the introduction of virtuall...

New Stanford center probes nanoscale material

..." will study quantum spins and help various groups interpret their data; and Dan Rugar, a manager of nanoscale studies who is developing a magnetic resonance force microscope to detect individual electron and nuclear spins. Researcher John Kirtley of IBM's T. J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, N.Y....

The PSA bounce Does it have clinical significance?

...an mean that cancer has recurred, physicians often interpret a bounce as the possibility that the cancer may still exist after treatment," explained Eric M. Horwitz, M.D., clinical director of the radiation oncology department at Fox Chase Cancer Center and lead author of the study. "Some physicians prescribe...

Defense provides additional $4.9 million for pathogen research tool

...their near relatives, and the tools to analyze and interpret this data. The project has opened the door for users to more effectively combat infectious diseases by providing access to relevant data and tools to analyze, manage, visualize, and extend existing and developing data sets. Through integration with V...

Australian expertise helps resurrect Iraq's ancient marshlands

...t of practical indicators to help the local people interpret signs of soil and water degradation, and to direct efforts to local projects with the best chance of success. "We have developed a system farmers can use to recognise the various soil types that can be used to grow crops and which ones to avoid," Dr ...

For inferring the biological tree of life, simple is better

...should bring back the maximum parsimony method and interpret with caution results from the maximum likelihood method, many of which have been accepted as established knowledge, Thornton said. Why is an accurate evolutionary tree important? Inferences scientists make about human biology from model organisms suc...

UF scientist: 'Brain' in a dish acts as autopilot, living computer

...way connection, similar to how neurons receive and interpret signals from each other to control our bodies. By observing how the nerve cells interact with the simulator, scientists can decode how a neural network establishes connections and begins to compute, DeMarse said. When DeMarse first puts the neurons...

Genetic discovery paves way to decode sense of smell in mammals

...ravel the underlying code that allows the brain to interpret smells, according to the researchers. Using genetic manipulations, the team found two proteins in mice that chaperone odorant receptors to the surface of olfactory nerves in the nose. Odorant receptors are the protein switches nestled in nerve cell m...

Chicken genome will help our understanding of humans and improve agriculture

...h 170 researchers from 49 institutes worldwide, to interpret the genome of the chicken. They believe it will help us to understand more about the biology of chickens and will also give us further insights into humans and fundamental biological processes. "The sequencing of the chicken genome is a major landma...

NASA study finds tiny particles in air may influence carbon sinks

...ion health and map leaf area for each site, and to interpret the net ecosystem exchange. For each site, the researchers analyzed how carbon cycled in each ecosystem on cloudy and cloud-free days. They examined carbon exchange levels for high and low levels of scattered sunlight as well as high and low levels o...

Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections

...itutes of Health. Numerous collaborators helped to interpret and analyze the genome sequence data. C. neoformans , an oval-shaped yeast, is an opportunistic human pathogen of global importance that is used by researchers as a model for fungal pathogenesis. Since the 1980s, the number of Cryptococcus ...

Researchers map genome of deadly fungus

...tutes of Health. Numerous collaborators helped to interpret and analyze the genome sequence data, including Maureen Donlin, Ph.D., research assistant professor of biochemistry at Saint Louis University School of Medicine. Other St. Louis scientists who participated in the research include Washington Universit...

Researchers find how protein allows insects to detect and respond to pheromones

...of protein critical to their ability to detect and interpret pheromones the insect equivalent of "smelling." Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered how a protein, called an olfactory binding protein, links incoming pheromone signals and specific nerve cells in an insect's brain, which...

American Academy of Microbiology report proposes initiative to interpret genome data

...hundreds of organisms, not enough is being done to interpret all that data by assigning functions to sequenced genes (annotation), according to a report released today by the American Academy of Microbiology. An Experimental Approach to Genome Annotation proposes a new initiative to help address this challeng...

Man and mouse share genome structures

...or the daunting computational analysis required to interpret the resulting data. In most cases, the mapped tags coincided with the transcription starting points of active genes, as they and others had seen earlier in the yeast. Unexpectedly, they also found tags idling over regions near genes. The researchers...

University research ethics committees: A look from behind closed doors

... these areas, so each committee must decide how to interpret the baseline regulations and is encouraged to use the flexibility of the regulations when deemed appropriate. An example of this flexibility is in the Common Rule, which requires that IRBs not be composed entirely of members from one profession or en...

For sardine and anchovy, El Nio events do not always have the same effects

...he variations in habitat size for each species, to interpret the alternate fluctuations of anchovy and sardine populations at decadal scales, not only on inter-annual periods. When the environmental conditions are generally cold (La Nia, La Vieja), the upsurge of deep-oceanic cold water, rich in nutrients, is...

Talking robots, green buildings, and shockwave healing

...for some animals (such as elephants) to detect and interpret long before it struck shore? Srinivasan Jagannathan and Nick Makris of MIT ( makris@mit.edu ), along with Purnima Ratilal from Northeastern University, investigate this possibility through numerical models that consider the seismic-radiation potentia...

Nuclear imaging of iodine uptake in mouse tissues

...of radioactive iodine made the images difficult to interpret and could provide false-positive readings or possibly obscure substantial iodine uptake in nearby tissues. The team decided to test what would happen if they gave the mice potassium iodide, the FDA-recommended drug for blocking radioactive iodine a...

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(Date:10/29/2014)... stem cell, those referred to as ,facultative, form part—together ... nothing that differentiates these cells from the others. However, ... the capacity to become stem cells again. This phenomenon ... that hosts cells that stimulate tissue growth, thus allowing ... a transplant. Knowledge of the underlying mechanism that ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... Ghrelin is a hormone released by the stomach and ... viewed as a psychoactive substance that primarily affects brain ... , This knowledge, combined with findings from animal ... the potential to stimulate alcohol craving. , Dr. Lorenzo ... found that, as they had anticipated, alcohol craving was ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... . , How ... when times are lean? By studying wild chimpanzees in ... the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, ... can acquire extra energy needed to maintain large, costly ... more en route to breakfast sites containing fruits that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):A mechanism that allows a differentiated cell to reactivate as a stem cell revealed 2Ghrelin stimulates an appetite for drinking alcohol 2The early chimp gets the fig 2The early chimp gets the fig 3
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