Tag: "lactation" at biology news

Toxic milk

...s in the mouse gene encoding PPAR adversely affect lactation milk quality, and have serious health consequences for nursing pups. By examining PPAR functions in vivo, our work reveals an unexpected link between diet, inflammation and the quality of mothers milk, explained Dr. Evans. PPAR (peroxisome prol...

Fat tissue-derived hormone leptin increases e-cadherin expression, obesity-breast cancer link noted

...ved in many other processes, from reproduction and lactation to cell differentiation and proliferation. Leptin is activated by signals from the leptin receptor ObR, and it is this partnership that has previously been found to be involved in the development of breast cancer. It was recently reported, for examp...

Calcium important for nursing mothers' oral health

...rs from Tohoku University in Japan investigated if lactation affects alveolar bone loss, the bone surrounding the roots of teeth, in rat models of experimental periodontitis. They found mothers who are lactating could put the bone structures around their teeth at risk, especially when there was not enough Cal...

How mammals fuel milk production may have implications for cancer

...mental program that prepares the mammary gland for lactation is among the most critical and highly conserved in... Although breast cells do not proliferate during lactation after the initial 24 hours, the metabolic demands and synthetic capacity of the lactating mammary gl...

Study suggests evolutionary link between diet, brain size in orangutans

...sk for nutritional stress because of pregnancy and lactation and their smaller homes ranges. "The general scenario supported by these results, then, is that an increase in the frequency of uncontrollable periods of low energy intake in one part of the orangutan's geographic range selected for a reduction in b...

Post-pregnancy events promote breast tumor metastasis

...modeling of the mammary microenvironment following lactation promotes breast tumor cell metastasis, appears in the February issue of The American Journal of Pathology and is accompanied by a commentary. This work also highlights an important shift in thinking about what influences cancers to metastasize: the ...

Milk genomics and human health symposium

... Napa, Calif. Speakers will discuss such topics as lactation biology, prevention of metabolic disease, health properties of human milk; milk genomics databases and expression tools; and updates from the International Genomics Consortium. Among the speakers will be UC Davis faculty members J. Bruce German and M...

Oxytocin raises aggression, cuts anxiety during lactation; similar effects on virgin rats

...ifferent. OT is released during parturition and in lactation not only from NH terminals into the bloodstream in...central mechanisms controlling oxytocin neurons in lactation may also help explain problems of 'milk let-down', where the mother is unable to breast feed," Dougl...

Study in Royal Society journal on holly as an indicator of climate change

...er females. Older females lost more weight during lactation and as a result their offspring were heavier as on...ear olds. Females that lost the most weight during lactation had reduced body weight the following year. Older females were also more likely to breed twice in a...

Oxytocin/vasopressin research sees new clinical applications, key role in social behavior

... release (#3, 11 a.m. Sunday) Central control of lactation (#5, 3 p.m. Sunday) Osmotic regulation of VP/OT ... 11 a.m. Wednesday) Details on three symposia from lactation to eating behavior to clinical research #5 Lactation. Speakers will discuss rapid remodeling and rev...

Type 2 diabetes may begin with Grandma's diet

...ats fed an inadequate diet during pregnancy and/or lactation were more likely to become obese and insulin resis... that poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy and lactation predisposes the first generation of offspring to diabetes. The study is the first to show that the a...

Alcohol consumption disrupts breastfeeding hormones

...ses of alcohol affect the hormones responsible for lactation in a counterproductive manner. "This information i...posite, as alcohol disrupts the hormonal milieu of lactation in a way that could impede successful breastfeeding." For centuries, breastfeeding women have been a...

Low-carb diet during pregnancy improved triglycerides, fat metabolism in offspring

...ohydrates (low-carb/high-fat) during pregnancy and lactation were likely to have lower liver triglyceride level...ein and low carbohydrate diet during pregnancy and lactation modulates hepatic lipid metabolism in female adult offspring" will appear as one of 20 research stud...

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