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Crucial evolutionary link points to origins of modern cells

... "We can already see there will be more surprises like this in store," says Rout....

Tiny paddle oscillator senses the mass of a virus

... Think of a tiny fly-swatter mounted by its handle like a diving board. A large array of paddles were mounted on a piezoelectric crystal that can be made to vibrate at frequencies on the order of 5 to 10 megaHertz (mHz). The experimenters then varied the frequency of vibration of the crystal. When it matc...

Link between immune protein and longer survival in melanoma patients identified

...te T cells with the appropriate chemokine receptor like CXCR3- a 'homing' feature that allows these killer cells to find and eradicate tumors. "This data may indicate that early melanoma vaccination is essential, and that vaccines inducing specific T cells with tumor-homing ability can make a signif...

Scientists find acid rain an unlikely ally in the battle against a greenhouse gas

...y attempted to determine if low levels of sulfate, like those in acid rain, affected methane emissions in ...etlands become warmer. In this way, acid rain acts like a temporary lid on the largest methane source. Gauci is cautious about t...

Powerful 'toolkit' developed for functional profiling of yeast genes

...laces the original in the new toolkit. "Much like barcodes identify your purchases at the grocery store, these genetic barcodes identify each of the yeast mutants," says Boeke. "So we can mix the mutants together, challenge them to survive removal of a particular gene, nurture the ones that make it ...

Four new vertebrate fossil finds in Ischigualasto, Argentina

...ds. What makes it unique is a foreshortened skull, like many later sauropods of the Jurassic and Cretaceous. "This specimen shows the incredible diversification of prosauropods already in the Late Triassic," said Alcober, who has documented four species now from the same Los Colorados Formation. "This gro...

National Eye Institute funds search for genetic key to corneal disease

...uses spots of varying shape they can look sort of like a fingerprint or be a dense patch blocking out light on the front layer of cells in the cornea," Yee said. "Onset can occur as early as infancy, as late as adolescence, and is accompanied by a sharp, stabbing pain. The spots can be visually debilit...

Look at past sea-level rise points to troubling future

...ng seas. "On geologic time scales, barrier islands like Texas' Galveston and Padre islands retreat toward ...sing seas can overwhelm fragile coastal structures like barrier islands and river delta headlands, the vast wetlands that are deposited by rivers when they ...

Changing ecosystems

...his caused a 65% reduction in forest spiders that, like other forest-dwellers such as birds and bats, prey...n decouple critical connections between ecosystems like streams and forests and have strong effects that propagate across their boundaries to generate ecolo...

High-predator environment has unexpected impact on aging in fish

...sed to high mortality imposed by external factors, like disease or predation, will evolve to deteriorate more rapidly as they get older. Their predictions have been widely accepted and are supported by some experiments. Now, a study by UC Riverside researchers comparing fish living in high- and low-predat...

NYU team develops enhanced algorithm for detecting changes in cancer genomes

...and systems biology models of biological processes like apoptosis, cell divisions, and others involved in cancer. Two senior research scientists from the Bioinformatics Group, Raoul-Sam Daruwala and Archisman Rudra, collaborated with Mishra to devise the algorithm and create its software implementation. D...

UO study is first to link histamine receptors to heat stress

...flow during heat stress. "I personally don't like needles but it's a very powerful technique to study skin blood flow," says Wong, who knows firsthand what the subjects will experience, having tested the technique on himself. A water-perfused suit is designed to tightly control skin temperatur...

Grants target better predictors for type 1 diabetes

...iseases, is use modern, high-throughput technology like proteomics to discover new proteins that can incre...ook at the whole pattern of what the proteins look like to see if we can identify some protein pattern and how that protein pattern changes as you go from n...

Ancient marine invasion sheds light on diversity

... of a climate change," says Patzkowsky. "We would like to know if the invasion caused extinctions." Carbonate rocks created in cool waters exist before the invasion, but during the invasion, the rocks were formed in warmer waters. During the Ordovician, the central United States was situated on the equ...

Award will help unlock mysteries of one of Earth's most important organisms

... support the top scientists in marine microbiology like Dr. Armbrust, but to stimulate close collaborations between the Moore investigators to accelerate even further progress in this key area of ocean research, " says David Kingsbury, director of marine science for the foundation. Armbrust earned her ba...

New program examines stem cells' potential to repair, replace damaged tissue

...s a distinct framework or matrix that will be used like the frame of a building to construct what's needed. "We are moving from doing transplantation, like renal transplantation, where we have taken tissue from another person then give the recipient medica...

Insecticide resistance in mosquitoes being studied

...cephalitis in Texas urban areas. "For diseases like St. Louis encephalitis and West Nile encephalitis,...or the United States," he said. "We have like concerns, particularly for the Culex quinquefasiciastus in other areas of the Gulf Coast of Texas al...

Families who eat out pass up fruits and veggies

... for not eating fruits and vegetables? They didn't like the taste. Public health officials need to take into consideration what families are eating when they dine out whether it's in fast-food, sit-down or convenience restaurants if they're going to make inroads in improving the diet of families....

Old riverbed keeps chemicals from entering Ohio River

...ites along the river. Krissek would like to see Svitanas studies repeated in similar settings to answer further questions. For example, is there a critical buried channel size or depth, or a critical distance away from the major surface water source at which this rapid linkag...

Ancient creature fossilized by the bacteria that ate it

...y saw the fossilized eubacteria. The bacteria look like millions of tiny spheres forming the shape of the arthropod. When he saw the SEM images, Babcock immediately thought of another experiment in his lab. One of his students, for his thesis project, observed how a dead horseshoe crab d...

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(Date:7/24/2014)... gathered at NJIT this week for an all-day public ... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to dredge toxic sediment from ... The EPA has called the plan, which proposes removing ... sections of the riverbed, one of the largest cleanups ... dredged and disposed off-site. , "We need to ensure ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... To reduce fire hazard in the United States, wildland ... woody shrubs and suppressed trees (ladder fuels). These ... periods of low fire danger in order to dispose ... hazardous air pollutants, managers often cover all or part ... referred to as agricultural plastic, in order to keep ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... by the New Jersey Recovery Fund and conducted by ... and Public Policy at Rutgers University has found that ... the likelihood of community-based rebuilding solutions. Of the more ... were "pessimistic" or "very pessimistic" that the parts of ... better than they were before the storm; another 24 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Experts Weigh the Pros and Cons of a $1.7 Billion EPA Cleanup Plan for the Passaic River at an NJIT 2Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality 2Rutgers study explores attitudes, preferences toward post-Sandy rebuilding 2
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