Tag: "machine" at biology news
32 new grants made for innovative technology R&D
...stical phrase-based and syntactic rule approach to machine
translation to improve grammaticality and accuracy...nDevelop a large-format, high-speed finish milling machine
for Class-A auto body panels to enable the design and manufacture of a complete tooling set in one-t...
College students recognized & rewarded for their innovative work
...ical analysis. He has created a simple but robust machine
that acts as a miniature plumbing system, complete with microscopic pumps, valves, pipes, and mixing chambers. He employs a piece of rubber in which he has made tunnels using molding and lithographic techniques, then places it on top of a portable B...
Internet data-mining of natural history
...professor of computer science whose research is in machine
learning, and Mirek Riedewald, a computer science ...only to develop and test leading-edge data mining, machine
learning and modeling techniques, but to integrate these methodologies with the ornithology lab's ex...
Effort to control trade in great white sharks gets teeth from international community
...s been wrongly portrayed as an instinctive killing machine
by Hollywood and the media for too long," added Bonfil. "Perhaps now we can lift this veil of misunderstanding and appreciate the great white shark--which has roamed the ocean largely unchanged for millions of years--as an impressive animal that we n...
Molecular mechanism sheds light on neurodegenerative diseases
...s with the working of the proteasome, the cellular machine
responsible for eliminating damaged proteins withi...aused by mutant Huntingtin, bind to the proteasome machine
irreversibly and prevent the complete degradation of the proteins. This evidence could help explain ...
Stimulating nerve cells with laser precision
...und it." In a matter of months, Kao says, a machine
could be created that helps guide neurosurgeons to the target nerves during rhizotomy, a procedure that frees someone from a spastic or seemingly frozen muscle, as when someone's head is stuck in a tortuous position. Currently, once the proper neural...
Diamonds are a urologist's best friend
...ek some catheters look like the inside of a coffee machine
which has not been de-scaled for years. 'Anyone can imagine how unpleasant the presence and even more the removal of a catheter which is thus coated with a hard crust must be for the patient,' Dr. Laube adds. To make matters worse, 'the crystalline b...
Oral saline spray may slash spread of exhaled pathogens
...high-producers" for up to six hours. Using a cough machine
designed to simulate normal human breathing, they linked the reduction in droplet exhalation after saline administration to increased surface tension among fluids lining human airways, producing larger bioaerosol droplets that are less likely to rema...
Prediction of gene function in mammals
...tion. They analysed the microarray results using a machine
learning computational algorithm called a support vector machine
(SVM). SVMs had never been used on this scale before: the programme analysed over 12,000 genes and p...
INEEL honors five scientists as Laboratory Fellows
...experience in manufacturing, materials processing, machine
design and intelligent machines. His present emphasis is on turnkey, prototype robotic machine
design, development and deployment. He has been a principal investigator on numerou...
NYU chemists create DNA translation machine
...ool are DNA rather than RNA. The dimensions of the machine
are approximately 110 x 30 x 2 nm. "The device is a machine
to make specific DNA sequences by imitating the ribosome's translational capabilities," said Seeman,...
Surprising study reveals how cancer-causing protein activates
...tated version of STAT3 in a mass spectrometer. The machine
smashes the protein into amino acids then sequences these building blocks. The work took nearly two years to complete. Chin said the research provides an important target for drugs in treating breast and prostate cancers that are common in the United...
Priming embryonic stem cells to fulfill their promise
...rted today in Nature Methods involved using such a machine
to spot solutions of proteins rather than DNA. The UCSD researchers also refined other parameters so that the technique would be reproducible in other research laboratories. "When we talked to our colleagues, it was clear that, whether it's cells in...
New, automated tool successfully classifies and relates proteins in unprecedented way
..." said Murphy, a professor of biological sciences, machine
learning, and biomedical engineering. "This work should provide a more thorough understanding of cellular processes that underlie disease." Using this approach to spot a protein cluster could help scientists identify a common protein structure that ...
'Moss in space' project shows how some plants grow without gravity
...ationary or turned at a slow spin on a clinostat a machine
that resembles a record turntable placed on its edge, and is used to negate the effects of gravity. On earth gravity controls the direction of moss growth so thoroughly that it grows straight away from the center of the earth, just like shoots in a f...
Biology in four dimensions
...d that in yeast, key components needed to create a machine
are produced ahead of time, and kept in stock. When a new machine
is needed, a few crucial last pieces are synthesized and then the apparatus is assembled. Holding of...
Grid expectations for networked computing: From global Earth monitoring to black hole detection
... complex tasks beyond the capabilities of a single machine
or local network. "The term 'Grid' comes from the way electricity grids operate," explained Domenico Laforenza of Italy's National Research Centre Institute of Information Science and Technology (CNR-ISTI) in Pisa: "Nobody needs to know where the el...
Brain controls robot arm in monkey, University of Pittsburgh researcher reports at AAAS
...gorithm decodes the cortical signals like a voting machine
by using each cell's preferred direction as a label and taking a continuous tally of the population throughout the intended movement. Monkeys were trained to reach for targets. Then, with electrodes placed in the brain, the algorithm was adjusted to ...
Molecular machine may lead to new drugs to combat human diseases
...YETTE, Ind. - The crystallized form of a molecular machine
that can cut and paste genetic material is revealing possible new paths for treating diseases such as some forms of cancer and opportunistic infections that plague HIV patients. Purdue University researchers froze one of these molecular machines, whi...
Plants, animals share molecular growth mechanisms
...s Actin Related Protein 2/3 (ARP2/3) is a cellular machine
that controls formation of actin filaments, which are important for cell growth and movement. Actin filaments organize the inside of the cell and allow it to grow, and they determine where certain structures in a cell are positioned and how plants re...
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