Tag: "medications" at biology news

Penn receives grant for initiative to help understand genes' effects on medications

... health and preventing disease in Americans, these medications do not work as hoped in everyone, and indeed somet...de effects. Genetic variability in the response to medications has been known for decades to play a critical role in limiting the efficacy and safety of drugs. The...

September/October 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...number of prescriptions for new and more expensive medications resulted in a significant rise in drug costs in th...re one-third more likely to be compliant in taking medications prescribed during consultation with their physician if they understand the physician and agree with ...

Botulism bug says no to nitric oxide, provides key to molecule's role in human cell signaling

...ital biological functions and became the basis for medications that treat erectile dysfunction. However, the structural details of soluble guanylyl cyclase have remained elusive, Murad and Raman said. The protein is difficult to crystallize for structural analysis. During a series of experiments that...

A new culprit in depression?

...help scientists understand how some antidepressant medications work in the brain to ease symptoms, and why there is wide variation in how depressed people respond to different antidepressants. The finding was made in two specific areas of the brain known to be important to depression. The study relied on microar...

Researchers find protein that makes long-term memory possible

...s of learning and memory and perhaps designing new medications that might help to compensate for these problems." The study was conducted by NICHD's Petti Pang, Ph.D, and Bai Lu, Ph.D, along with their colleagues at NICHD, Weill Medical College of Cornell University in New York City, and The Chinese Unive...

Genetics play role in response to most common asthma drug

... acute asthma symptoms. Other recommended reliever medications include inhaled anticholinergics and short-acting ...ularly assess how their patients are responding to medications so they can modify their drug regimen as needed." NHLBI established the ACRN in 1993 to conduct m...

Mail-order drugs exposed to extreme heat become less effective

... after being exposed to 150F for 4 hours. "Inhaled medications are calculated to deliver a specific dosage for each use. Extreme temperatures can affect medications in just a few hours, causing them to deliver inaccurate dosages, making the medications less effecti...

UCSD biologists discover chemical important in guiding visual system development

...ing the second trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, medications taken by the mother that influence adenosine levels in the brain of the fetus could disrupt the spontaneous activity patterns. "Understanding adenosine's role in modulating activity in the developing retina may explain some of the developmental...

U. Va. Health System to develop new approaches to treat type 1 diabetics with islet cell transplants

...t drugs to prevent rejection of the islets- strong medications that can have toxic side effects. Now, U. Va. physicians and researchers in the Diabetes and Hormone Center of Excellence and the Department of Surgery have been chosen to join a consortium of five academic medical centers, organized by the NI...

Ubiquitination in real-time: A world first at the Universit de Montral

...e acted upon by more than half of the prescription medications currently being prescribed, for diseases as varied...better target therapeutic molecules from which new medications might be produced....

Inexpensive, mass-produced genes at core of synthetic biology advances at UH

...technology also will facilitate development of new medications through the creation of humanized yet synthetic antibodies that could be especially useful in detection and treatment of infectious organisms that could be used by terrorists. Gao's co-authors include Erdogan Gulari and Xiaochuan Zhou from the Univ...

Highlights of January Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...verages, caffeinated water, herbal supplements and medications were not included in this study. Dietary Supplement Use among Chronically Ill Children Researchers from the University of Utah surveyed a group of parents with chronically ill children to learn more about the use of prescribed and unprescribed diet...

Anti-seizure drugs slow aging in worms

...t. Louis, Jan. 13, 2005 -- A class of anti-seizure medications slows the rate of aging in roundworms, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. When exposed to drugs used to treat epilepsy in humans, worms lived longer and retained youthful functions longer than normal. ...

Research may speed development of new oral drugs for fertility treatments

...it new ideas for creating a new generation of oral medications to treat infertility. The exquisite detail of the images produced by Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) investigator Wayne A. Hendrickson and colleague Qing Fan begins to tell for the first time how the FSH hormone attaches to a key segment of ...

Blocking cell signaling can stymie viral infections, study shows

...as a bioterror agent. "Certain current anti-viral medications have a number of shortcomings that make them less than ideal for treating and/or preventing illnesses," says the study's senior author, Ellis Reinherz, MD, of Dana-Farber. "The existing vaccine against smallpox, for example, poses potential health ri...

New study in JAMA details trends in diagnosis, treatment of brain tumors

...findings was the infrequent use of anti-depressant medications (8 percent) for patients with symptoms of depression. "The incidence of depression is very high and very few of these patients are treated for depression. This isone patient management tool that could be implement immediately to help a patients' qual...

Defenseless plants arm themselves with metals

...ngredient in pharmaceuticals like aspirin and acne medications - governs this pathway. When faced with a fungus or bacteria, most plants turn up their production of salicylic acid, which then interacts with other molecules in the plant, eventually turning on the genes that produce the proteins involved in fighti...

Desert plant may help treat insidious tropical diseases

... of these parasites developing resistance to these medications is increasing. "Most of the available drugs are given by injection over a long course of time," Werbovetz said. "We're hoping to develop those extracts into effective compounds that are cheap and readily available, and that can be taken by mouth." We...

Chemists identify key gene in development of type 1 diabetes

...althy diet, getting exercise and taking prescribed medications as directed, according to health experts. The Institute for Medical Research at North Shore-LIJ provided funding for this study. The American Chemical Society is a nonprofit organization, chartered by the U.S. Congress, with a multidisciplinary membe...

Gene variations explain drug dose required to control seizures

...their physicians to reach an effective dose of the medications that control seizures, said David Goldstein, Ph.D., director of the IGSP Center at Duke University Medical Center and senior author of the study. "In medicine today, physicians must rely on a one-size-fits-all approach when making decisions about whi...

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(Date:7/24/2014)... Some sticky research out of York University shows ... species of toxic grass fungus: moose saliva (yes moose ... Letters , "Ungulate saliva inhibits a grassendophyte mutualism" shows ... fescue grass (which hosts a fungus called epichlo festucae ... growth and less toxicity. , "Plants have evolved defense ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... O.D., a low vision specialist at The University of ... has been awarded a grant to help Harris County ... medication or surgery. , Even with corrective lenses, many ... However, there are a variety of low vision devices, ... offset their vision loss. , Iyer is using the ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... fire hazard in the United States, wildland managers often ... and suppressed trees (ladder fuels). These cuttings and ... low fire danger in order to dispose of the ... pollutants, managers often cover all or part of the ... as agricultural plastic, in order to keep water out. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Moose drool inhibits growth of toxic fungus: York U research 2UTHealth Dr. Bhavani Iyer awarded low vision grant 2Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality 2
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