Tag: "memory" at biology news
Unravelling new complexity in the genome
...he nervous system, including roles associated with memory
and learning. However, in most cases the investigators working on these genes were not aware that their favorite genes are regulated at the level of splicing. Blencowe believes that the data his group has generated provides a valuable basis for under...
Gilbert Foundation and American Fed for Aging Research award grants on Alzheimer's disease
...ta amyloid plaques and tangles, and impairments in memory
function. Specifically, she will try to determine the role of early calcium signaling defects in AD, and, to determine if normalizing this calcium defect can reduce the later symptoms of the disease. Alzheimer's disease is the most prevalent neur...
Grapes, soy and kudzu blunt some menopausal side effects
... Menopausal women are at relatively high risk for memory
loss, high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabe...effect of the polyphenols on working and reference memory
errors indicated that both short-term (working memory) and long-term (reference memory) were benefic...
UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimer's treatment
...ome functional neurons and improved age-associated memory
loss, with no side effects. When Sugaya transplanted stem cells into the brains of Alzheimers-model mice, he found that the stem cells did not form any neurons. Sugaya found that excess amounts of the amyloid-precursor protein (APP), which produ...
Gene predicts better outcome as cortex normalizes in teens with ADHD
...s between cortex thickness and certain measures of memory
and intelligence. In 7-repeat carriers with ADHD...ss and cognitive features of ADHD, such as working memory
and the ability to inhibit responses. ...
MIT study: Maturity brings richer memories
CAMBRIDGE, MA - MIT neuroscientists exploring how memory
formation differs between children and adults have...orward in our understanding of the neural basis of memory
development, comments Daniel Schacter, an expert on memory
at Harvard University who was not associa...
Einstein researchers' prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
...ponse by mopping up the bacteria and then becoming memory
cells that can respond swiftly if the same bacteri...cine had much larger populations of the vital CD8+ memory
T cells that a vaccine must elicit to optimally protect against infection. Since the completion of...
Handicapping tuberculosis may be the way to a better vaccine
...late throughout the body. These cells are known as memory
T lymphocytes, and will be poised and ready should...ctive vaccines induce the immune system to produce memory
T lymphocytes, which are crucial to establishing life-long immunity. Of course, pathogens have tric...
Learning to evolve: With a little help from my ancestors
...s did, which leaves a genetically specified latent memory
for flying. The theory has been tested on simple...tions indirectly induces the formation of a latent memory
in the current generation, and therefore decreases the amount of learning required. It matters how q...
Prenatal stress keeps infants, toddlers up at night, study says
...opment, and plays a critical role in consolidating memory
and facilitating learning, regulating metabolism and appetite, promoting good moods and sustaining both cardiovascular health and a vigorous immune function. Weve long known that childs sleep is vital to his or her growth, but the origins of proble...
Pediatric ritalin use may affect developing brain, new study suggests
...holamine function in the hippocampus, a center for memory
and learning." Treatment-linked alterations were also noted in the striatum -- a brain region known to be key to motor function -- and in the hypothalamus, a center for appetite, arousal and addictive behaviors. Dr. Milner stressed that, at this...
Research study describes the role part of the brain plays in memory
... the brain region connected to how our declarative memory
functions. According to this experiment, part of t...earch has helped learn more about how this type of memory
functions. In the future, this information could be useful to find new treatment for diseases that a...
Monkeys don't go for easy pickings
...ki monkeys, living on an island in Venezuela, used memory
to travel to select feeding resources during a period of fruit abundance. The study looked at the resources available to the sakis and compared the observed distances traveled with predicted distances, using a combination of statistical analyses and...
Accident-prone? Scientists link brain function to knee injuries
...ing speed and performed worse on visual and verbal memory
tests when compared to the control group. These ... reaction time, as well as lower visual and verbal memory
performance may predispose certain individuals to errors in coordination during physical activity th...
MIT IDs mechanism behind fear
...had more trouble letting go--or extinguishing--the memory
of the foot shock and continued to freeze in fear....in mice whose Cdk5 activity was inhibited, the bad memory
of the shocks disappeared when the mice learned that they no longer needed to fear the environment w...
New gene mutation identified in common type of dementia
...mers disease dementia, the disease does not affect memory
in the early stages. The genetic form of the disease is rare; most cases occur randomly. We are hopeful that this finding will help us better understand how this disease works and eventually help us develop new therapies for the disease, said study...
How pain distracts the brain
...itive processing interference due to a distracting memory
task. Ulrike Bingel and colleagues at the Univer...olving distinguishing images, as well as a working memory
task involving remembering images. The researchers asked the volunteers to perform the tasks as they...
Manganese levels increase in scrapie-infected sheep before clinical symptoms develop
...leading to impairment of brain function, including memory
changes, personality changes and problems with movement that worsen over time. Definite diagnosis of prion disease is currently only possible post-mortem, said Professor David Brown from the University of Bath who led the study with colleagues from...
Antibody linked to MS significantly higher in spinal fluid of blacks
...dic bursts, include bladder and bowel dysfunction, memory
problems, fatigue, dizziness, depression, difficulty walking, numbness, pain and vision problems. The disease is more common among Caucasians than any other group and affects two to three times as many women as men. Research has shown that genetic f...
MIT researchers reverse symptoms in mice of leading inherited cause of mental retardation
...ttention deficits and difficulty with learning and memory
tasks. "These behavioral abnormalities are ameliorated, partially or fully, by inhibiting the enzymatic activity of PAK," Tonegawa said. "Notably, due to an elegant genetic manipulation method employed by the Picower Institute researchers, PAK inh...
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