Tag: "microbe" at biology news
NIH funds new bioinformatics resources at UT Southwestern
...em information about both what is happening as the microbe
establishes itself in the body and as the body attempts to fight it off. Understanding the interface between the infectious agent and the immune response will allow researchers to define potential drug and vaccine targets. The ImmPort system focuses ...
Microbe's genome reveals insights into ocean ecology
...cted findings about the genetic makeup of a marine microbe
have given scientists a new perspective on how bac...alysis of the genome sequence also showed that the microbe
has adapted in ways that allow it to take advantage of so-called ocean "hot spots" microscopic area...
Genome comparison of four campylobacter strains yields new genetic markers and clues to virulence
...eveloped as a tool for genetic manipulation of the microbe
in ways that would benefit food safety or health, ...mpylobacteriosis is usually caused by C. jejuni, a microbe
normally found in cattle, swine and birds, where it causes no problems. But the illness can also be ...
Scientists decipher genome of bacterium that helps clean up major groundwater pollutants
...cientists have deciphered the genome sequence of a microbe
that can be used to clean up pollution by chlorina...es greatly to the understanding of what makes this microbe
tick and why it's metabolic diet is so unusual," says TIGR scientist Rekha Seshadri, the primary aut...
Scientists discover unique microbe in California's largest lake
...bles these species to use infrared light." The new microbe
is one of only three organisms known to science th... plant to survive in nature," Wood says. "This new microbe
opens up a whole new range of possible habitats where oxygen could be produced by photosynthesis usi...
Fleshing out the genome
...ns, in this case those which were expressed in the microbe
when subjected to stress. The proteomic analyses were done by four teams led by Kolker, Carol S. Giometti, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); John R. Yates III; The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI); and Richard D. Smith, W.R. Wiley Environmental Mol...
Six research units given the go-ahead
...", microbiologists and geologists will investigate microbe
communities in watercourses and subterranean habitats. The researchers from the University of Gttingen, the Technical University of Braunschweig and other institutions will focus on their effects on biochemical cycles of elements and rock formation. ...
New lab technique identifies high levels of pathogens in therapy pool
...Diego State University, the new study assessed the microbe
population in a warm hospital therapy pool through a ribosomal RNA analysis that involved cloning and sequencing genes. The team concluded that the microbes, many of them pathogenic, were enriched just inches above the pool's surface by as much as 6...
American Society for Microbiology to host 105th General Meeting in Atlanta
...merging Infectious Diseases in 2005 Microchips as microbe
detectors Infections as a cause of chronic diseases New information about bioterrorism preparedness More detailed information, including programs and abstract, will be available in early May. Preliminary programs and press registration materials a...
Highly adaptable genome in gut bacterium key to intestinal health
...s related to carbohydrate digestion than any other microbe
we know of." Next, the researchers will use germ-free mice to investigate how B. theta interacts with other members of the gut ecosystem. By defining the factors that underlie the stability of the gut ecosystem, they may be able to develop ways to m...
New strategies to reduce hospital-acquired infections
...imple and effective solution to prevent waterborne microbe
transmission to patients. He reviewed the results of studies conducted with Pall-AquasafeTM filters, which are specifically designed to prevent patient exposure to waterborne microbes. The filters provide an absolute barrier between the microorganism...
Extreme life discovery in Yellowstone bodes well for astrobiologists, says Colorado U. study
...ne's Norris Geyser Basin. The new study shows the microbe
communities are subject to fossilization and have ...n all known organisms." Walker discovered the new microbe
community in 2003 after breaking apart a chunk of sandstone-like rock in the Norris Geyser Basin. "...
Scientists discover how plants disarm the toxic effects of excessive sunlight
...ys. Donohue and his group studied a photosynthetic microbe
and identified the cellular pathways it used to sense the presence of singlet oxygen and defend itself from this toxic substance. He notes that the response mechanism is likely highly conserved across species from microbes to plants and humans - and...
U. Iowa finding speeds up immunization booster schedule
... as bacteria or viruses. Contact with the invading microbe
"arms" the dendritic cells, which then travel from the infection site to the lymph nodes where they activate specific T cells. These stimulated T cells proliferate and go through a transformation process, first becoming effector cells that can fight ...
Researchers find evidence of photosynthesis deep within the ocean
...From the samples near the vents, they cultivated a microbe
that grew in response to illumination near the the... vents. Using DNA analysis the team classified the microbe
as a member of the green sulfur bacteria family, which use light and sulfur to obtain energy. The fa...
Genome study of beneficial microbe may help boost plant health
... helped us identify new chemical pathways that the microbe
apparently uses to create what are known as 'secon...ologist with the ARS in Texas, who showed that the microbe
suppressed two major cotton diseases. Since then, plant pathologists around the world have used this...
Bacteria use host's immune response to their competitive advantage
...trate how antibiotics and vaccines that target one microbe
might inadvertently alter the competitive interactions among other species present....
Study yields insights into pathogenic fungiand beer
...tehead Member Gerald Fink, who compares the fungal microbe
to an M&M--a sugar coating encasing the cell's DNA. "The skin of fungi microbes is what enables them to stick to your organs, and thus become pathogenic. It also enables the fungi to stick together, which is desirable for fermentation in beer." The ...
Hide and seek: Researchers discover a new way for infectious bacteria to enter cells
...d proteins. Once it has safely entered a cell, the microbe
can replicate and continue the process of infectio...hagocytosis. Specialized cells engulf the invading microbe
and destroy it. Scientists long believed that cells use a second process, called endocytosis, to de...
Genomics reveals mechanism of heat resistance in bacteria
...shing in extremely high temperatures. The archaeal microbe
Pyrobaculum aerophilum , for example--originally found in a boiling marine water hole in Italy--thrives at ~100 C (212 F). Published online this week in the open-access journal PLoS Biology Todd Yeates and colleagues from UCLA have investigated ...
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