Tag: "microbial" at biology news
Laboratory test of evolutionary theory confirms importance of links between populations
...r of ecology and evolutionary biology at UCSC, and microbial
ecologist Brendan Bohannan of Stanford University.... potent form of the virus. According to Bohannan, microbial
experimental systems have become increasingly popular in ecology, due in part to the degree of contr...
New method studies living bacterial cells
...should be directly applicable to investigations of microbial
processes in extreme subsurface environments and to studies of a variety of astrobiology topics, such as detection of past or present life in samples returned from Mars, or determinations of the origins of life," said lead author Ken Kemner of Argonn...
Munching microbes could cleanse arsenic-contaminated groundwater
...nt. "We believe this reflects the distribution of microbial
populations in the aquifer system," said graduate ...suggest the aquifer is divided into zones of mixed microbial
activity, some dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, others by methanogens."Sulfate-reducing bacte...
UGA scientist Moran receives $2.6 million from Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation for marine research
... initiative aimed at attaining new knowledge about microbial
communities in the world's oceans. "Dr. Moran'...g the composition, function and ecological role of microbial
communities in the world's oceans. Funding strategies include supporting Gordon and Betty Moore Fou...
Gut microbes can open gates in fat cells
...hat based on cell number, each of us is 90 percent microbial
and 10 percent human. The genomes of our gut microbes probably contain 100 times more genes than our own genome, providing us with traits we haven't needed to develop on our own."...
Stanford environmental molecular science institute will study pollutants, one molecule at a time
... world of interfaces among solids, liquids, gases, microbial
organisms and plants, which are the locations of m...perties of solid surfaces and water; determine how microbial
biofilms adhere to solid surfaces and interact with heavy metals; and identify the molecular structu...
Award will help unlock mysteries of one of Earth's most important organisms
...g the composition, function and ecological role of microbial
communities in the world's oceans, according to information from the foundation, which is headquartered in San Francisco. Funding strategies include supporting Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation investigators, linking scientists in related fields, est...
In a tiny squid, bacterial toxin governs organ development
...cheme of evolution where "all animals arose in the microbial
soup of the ocean. In that context," she notes, "animals could develop a set of body plans that repel bacteria or associate with them." In people, it is estimated that there are no fewer than 2,300 different kinds of bacteria that live in either...
By impounding iron, FHC foils cell suicide, fuels inflammation
...in regulating immune and inflammatory responses to microbial
invasion. During the early stages of an infection, for instance, NF-kB prevents white blood cells from dying off, allowing them to multiply quickly to fight off infection. The problem of chronic inflammation begins when these lymphocytes evade cel...
Discovery of real-time natural gas formation offers prospect for renewable energy resource
...al fields. The company has termed sites where this microbial
conversion of hydrocarbon deposits (coals, organic...commented, "Our research on native coal, water and microbial
samples from the PRB has determined that PRB coals can produce natural gas in real time. This findin...
Not finding life? Dig deeper.
...eam of Arizona scientists. Bleak though it may be, microbial
life lurks beneath the arid surface of the Atacama...ma's core were the equivalent of the "dry limit of microbial
life." Maier said, "We are saying, 'What is the dry limit of life?' We haven't reached it yet." ...
Census of Marine Life - Discoveries and Highlights 2004: Scientists add 4m+ records, 13,000 species
...ed equipment and techniques reveal hundreds of new microbial
life forms quickly and inexpensively through sophisticated filtration and gene sequencing. And newly developed protocols for the inventory of near-shore coastal biodiversity enable comparative worldwide surveys for the first time. ...
MBL scientists embark on international effort to uncover microbial diversity in world's oceans
...arine microbes, and explore the ocean's yet untold microbial
diversity, Mitchell L. Sogin, Director of the Mari...ic life forms. Most of the Earth's biodiversity is microbial
in nature, particularly in the oceans where microorganisms account for more than 90 percent of the b...
Differences in gene usage dramatically change bacteria's 'lifestyles'
...shed, Groisman suspects that many other aspects of microbial
lifestyle are affected by differences in regulation of identical genes. He notes that the idea of different organisms making altered use of the same genes sprang from recent analyses of the human genome. "Humans not only appear to have far fewer gen...
Study urges caution in contaminant source tracking
...tants, was among the first to test the accuracy of microbial
source tracking methods against samples of known o...ast five years, state governments have begun using microbial
source tracking methods with E. coli bacteria to help manage bacteria loads to streams. Various com...
INEEL honors five scientists as Laboratory Fellows
...s research. He has also worked extensively on microbial
metal reduction and the uses of extremophilic organisms. His work in this area with INEEL researchers Vicki Thompson and Kastli Schaller also led to a 2004 R&D 100 Award -- for the Ultrastable Catalase Enzyme. He is a member of the American Society f...
NIDCR launches unique initiative on oral biofilm
...ying our teeth." Biofilms are sticky, mat-like microbial
communities found throughout nature and many parts...rson," Nelson said. After extracting the DNA, the microbial
genes represented in the DNA from healthy individuals will be compared to those found in patients wi...
Birds, butterflies, bacteria same law of biology appears to apply
...ties, has been discerned for the first time at the microbial
level. A pair of papers in the Dec. 9 issue of th...l Nature, one focused on bacteria and another on a microbial
fungi, shows that the number of species present the diversity increases as the area they occupy in...
$43 million from Gates Foundation to produce inexpensive antimalarial drug for Third World
...es. UC Berkeley will conduct research to perfect a microbial
factory for the compound artemisinin, currently th...C Berkeley, who created the genetically engineered microbial
drug factories. Keasling also is director of the synthetic biology department at Lawrence Berkeley N...
U. of Colorado research team discovers life in Rock Glacier
...t Boulder research team has discovered evidence of microbial
activity in a rock glacier high above tree line in...most extreme of environments." Williams said the microbial
"signature" discovered by the team in the rock glacier in the Green Lakes Valley watershed roughly 3...
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