Tag: "mortality" at biology news

CU's Torres discusses avian flu and policy

...t happened in the so-called Spanish flu was a high mortality rate among the healthiest individuals," he says. "The healthier they were, the more susceptible they were." That's because the Spanish flu virus caused an exaggerated immune-inflammatory response in which cells release chemicals that affect the perm...

Oil spills and climate change double the mortality rate of British seabirds

...or the first time that major oil spills double the mortality rate of adult guillemots in Britain, even though t... warmer climate in the North Atlantic and a higher mortality rate among British guillemots. Professor Birkhead's long-term guillemot study has been carried ou...

TB Alliance and Bayer launch historic global drug trials for tuberculosis

... Council. Current projections of TB incidence and mortality reflect the need for shorter, more effective TB therapy. An estimated 1 billion people will be newly infected between 2000 and 2020, 200 million will fall ill and 35 million will die. TB is a leading cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS, ...

New classification of eukaryotes has implications for AIDS treatment, agriculture and beyond

...1) Pneumocystis, an opportunistic pathogen causing mortality in AIDS patients and immunocompromised individuals, is now known to be a fungus, indicating a different treatment regimen is needed. 2) Phytophtora, an organism causing potato blight, such as the one that caused the Irish famine in the 19th century, ...

Housecat-sized Siberian tiger cubs get collared

...cularly interested in understanding more about the mortality of tiger cubs, only half of which survive their first year. "By tracking these cubs, if we can somehow improve their chances, we can make a big difference in helping the population to grow," said Goodrich.Last year, WCS collared their first Siberia...

Early cardiac screening necessary for muscular dystrophy patients

...omyopathy and heart failure, is the major cause of mortality in patients with muscular dystrophy and is present in most boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and approximately 70 percent of those with Becker muscular dystrophy. These are the two common forms of muscular dystrophy caused by defects in a gene ca...

New imaging method shows early in treatment if brain cancer therapy is effective

...cademy of Sciences. High grade gliomas have a high mortality rate, with people surviving only an average of 12 months after diagnosis. Typically, patients receive six to seven weeks of treatment, followed by a traditional MRI scan six weeks after completing therapy to determine if the tumor shrank. If the canc...

Cheek cells used to identify lung cancer

...early detection is the key to reducing lung cancer mortality and have focused our approach around detecting stage I lung cancer." Although the test is not intended for screening the general population, researchers are hopeful that the AQC method will become an accurate, noninvasive, inexpensive, and easy-to-ad...

ECCO 13 - One voice, one vision needed to overcome cancer in Europe

...r condition. You become suddenly aware of your own mortality and knowing that your survival chances can potenti...te and concerted action is needed to reduce cancer mortality rates and improve cancer treatment outcomes. To be launched in November, MAC will be committed to s...

New ECCO studies highlight promising potential of cancer immunotherapy

...oma. These cancers are associated with significant mortality for which survival statistics have remained essentially unchanged for several decades. Past studies have indicated vaccination as a route to boosting anti-tumour T-cell reponses to help kill malignant cells. US investigator Dr Arkadiusz Dudek, from t...

Calls for improved screening of colorectal cancer in Europe's aging population at ECCO 13

...toxicity did not differ between groups. The 60-day mortality was also similar between the two groups. Data on the primary endpoint of this study, which aims to assess any differences in progression-free survival between the two regimens, as well as response rates and time to progression will be available later...

Other highlights in the November 16 JNCI

...association between diabetes and the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer. They found that having diabetes was associated with a 30% increased risk of colorectal cancer compared with not having diabetes. These results were consistent between case-control and cohort studies and between studies conducte...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...having antiviral activity, protecting mice against mortality and decreasing viral replication in multiple organs. "We show that expression of ISG15 in INF-/R mice attenuates Sindbis virus infection, providing in vivo evidence that ISG15 can function as an antiviral molecule," say the researchers. (D.J. Lenscho...

Ozone levels may raise risk of underweight births

... birth weight are strongly linked to morbidity and mortality during childhood and adulthood," Gilliland says, "so it's clear that air quality is important to everyone's healthy development."...

Nine behavioral and environmental risk factors play a major role in global cancer deaths

...th (HSPH) and a network of collaborators estimated mortality for 12 types of cancer linked to nine risk factors in seven World Bank regions for the year 2001. They found that of the seven million deaths worldwide that year from cancer, 35 percent were attributable to the nine well-known behavioral and environm...

Species take care of each other in ecological communities

...ied this theory by arguing that the birth rate and mortality rate are not identical across species, but there i...abundant species have lower birth rates and higher mortality rates. "The consequence is that when a species becomes rare, its birth rate will increase and death ...

The end of aging? New study examines evolutionary explanations for 'biological immortality'

...considerably, if not cease." The sudden plateau in mortality rates after a certain age has long been observed w... of natural selection affecting both fertility and mortality cease to have an impact....

Russian River coho recovery project seeing first hopeful signs of success

...g coordinator for the project. "In all likelihood mortality will be higher for the fish released in the spring, but in the long run the additional time in the stream may give them an adaptive advantage over fall-released fish. "The results of summer population estimates showed excellent survival rates," Obedz...

New Phase 3 data show potential benefits of Aranesp dosed every three weeks for CIA

...nce of thrombotic events, disease progression, and mortality was seen. Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) has been observed in patients treated with recombinant erythropoietins. This has been reported predominantly in patients with chronic renal failure. Aranesp should be discontinued in any patient with evidence ...

Interim Aranesp data suggest major response in anemic patients with MDS

...nce of thrombotic events, disease progression, and mortality was seen. Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) has been observed in patients treated with recombinant erythropoietins. This has been reported predominantly in patients with chronic renal failure. Aranesp should be discontinued in any patient with evidence ...

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(Date:7/30/2014)... A group of researchers from the University of Helsinki ... experimentally to reproduce in mice morphological changes which have ... gradual modifications in the embryonic development of mice teeth, ... morphologically are very similar to those observed in the ... millions of years ago. , To modify the ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... is pleased to announce its new relationship with the ... and CINP will partner to publish International Journal ... open-access journal. , Alan Frazer, Editor-in-Chief of IJNP ... expertise of OUP will further facilitate the goal for ... very leading journals within neuropsychopharmacology. The conversion of the ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... $1 million from the Cornelia Cogswell Rossi Foundation to ... , The newly established Connie Cogswell Rossi ... a greater breadth and depth of knowledge of neurobehavioral ... of research to improve human health. , The new ... Laboratory and its external partners, supporting research to enhance ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists reproduce evolutionary changes by manipulating embryonic development of mice 2OUP to partner with the International College of Neuropsychopharmacology 2Rossi Foundation pledges $1M for JAX neurobehavioral research center 2
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