Tag: "mortality" at biology news
Screening chest x-ray detects early-stage lung cancers at high rates, study results show
...the important question of reduction in lung cancer mortality
must await analysis of the two study arms as these data mature."...
Childhood infections stunt growth, shorten life
...th rampant childhoodinfection - measured by cohort mortality
rates at youngages - were shorter and died sooner ...layed theprogression of cardiovascular disease and mortality
due toheart disease and allowed for increased height," saidCrimmins, the study's lead author. Other ...
Getting an evolutionary handle on life after reproduction
... threats in Trinidad. Individuals facing different mortality
threats should evolve different adaptations in their life histories, such as age at first reproduction, investment in reproduction, and patterns of senescence, including declines in reproduction. Since guppies are livebearers that provide no postnata...
GlaxoSmithKline's rotavirus vaccine candidate shown effective
...e to gastroenteritis and is associated with a high mortality
due to diarrhea in developing countries. This vac...l children hospitalized for diarrhea worldwide and mortality
remains highest in the developing world. The now published data give confidence that vaccination at...
New data show Ferriprox is more efficacious than deferoxamine
...associated with a marked decrease in morbidity and mortality
in chronically transfused patients, iron-induced cardiac disease continues to remain a serious problem," said Caterina Borgna-Pignatti, M.D., lead investigator, Clinica Pediatrica of the University of Ferrara. "These findings support previous researc...
Extinctions linked to climate change
...ian embryos to UV-B radiation in sunlight, and egg mortality
in the western toad that approached 100 percent in some years, due to an opportunistic disease. In the current Nature article, researchers pointed to more examples. "The climate change in the Arctic and sub-Arctic has modified the life cycle of the n...
Curry and cauliflower could halt prostate cancer
...n new cases appearing each year. The incidence and mortality
of prostate cancer have not decreased in past decades despite tremendous efforts and resources devoted to treatment. This is because advanced prostate cancer cells are barely responsive even to high concentrations of chemotherapeutic agents or radiot...
Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
... including the U.S. and U.K., has a 3 to 5 percent mortality
rate in humans. Farm animals such as cattle and sheep have been previously identified as major reservoirs of this strain of E. coli by passing it through manure which is then used to fertilize crops. Slugs are widespread agricultural pests that con...
New 'molecular switch' protein protects the heart from major cardiovascular damage
...s. Despite current medical and surgical therapies, mortality
remains high. Troponin I is an important cardiac muscle regulatory protein that controls the calcium sensitivity of heart muscle cells. The ability to respond to calcium is important, because it's what causes the heart to contract efficiently and pum...
Study: Newer antibiotic more effective at treating elders' pneumonia
...ding infectious disease associated with the higher mortality
(death) in this age group. This is also the first time the two leading antibiotics for CAP have been compared in a well-controlled clinical trial." Treated with the newer medication, moxifloxacin HCI, 97.9 percent of hospitalized patients recovered w...
Vaccine provides 100 percent protection against avian flu virus in animal study
...eness in chickens, which have almost a 100 percent mortality
rate to H5N1 exposure. In all, the researchers inoculated four groups of chickens either through their noses (intranasally) or with subcutaneous injections of either the HA-containing vaccine or the empty vector vaccine. The chickens were then challe...
Birth defects: 8 million annually worldwide
...ct them to increase as added information on infant mortality
and disability is assembled," Prof. Modell says. ...ence from high-income countries shows that overall mortality
and disability from birth defects could be reduced by up to 70 percent if the recommendations in thi...
Studies examine associations between provider characteristics and mortality rates in ovarian cancer
... both short-term (60-day) and longer term (2-year) mortality
rates and overall survival. The authors found that...fic experience were not associated with short term mortality
following ovarian cancer surgery after adjustment for variation in patient clinical characteristics....
Pesticide combinations imperil frogs, probably contribute to amphibian decline
...t 25 to 30 percent. The mixture also caused a frog mortality
of 35 percent. All nine compounds together also produced a startling effect: The longer a tadpole took to mature into a frog, the smaller it was. It's normally the other way around, Hayes said. Separately, six of the pesticides did not affect this co...
Growing evidence of sex-based differences in lung cancer highlighted at roundtable meeting
...percent of cases. While lung cancer incidence and mortality
have been declining among men, there has been an alarming four-fold increase in lung cancer in women over the last 30 years. Female smokers appear to be two to three times as susceptible to lung cancer as male smokers. Biological differences between ...
Eating less fat may lower breast-cancer risk, have little impact on colon-cancer, heart-disease risk
...re difficult to treat and associated with a higher mortality
rate because they are unresponsive to hormone-blocking drugs such as tamoxifen. Significant results were seen also among women in the low-fat-diet group who began the study with the highest baseline fat consumption and among women who most strictly ...
Scientists re-engineer a well-known antibiotic to counter drug resistance
...e length of hospital stays, but they raise patient mortality
rates as well. Our successful synthesis of a novel vancomycin analogue with a molecular structure that restores much of the drug's binding ability could potentially lead to the development of a new generation of antibiotics that could prove far more ...
JCI table of contents, February 16, 2006
...Vaso-occlusion is the major cause of morbidity and mortality
in sickle cell disease (SCD), and occurs when the blood protein hemoglobin S (HbS) forms polymeric fibers causing the blood to become more viscous and impair flow (stasis). Although the genetic causes of SCD are known, there is still a gap in the und...
World faces challenge as life expectancies lengthen, scientist says
...asses, countries that will get locked into today's mortality
conditions," Tuljapurkar said. As the gap widens and rich countries continue to invest in anti-aging technologies, the developed world may become increasingly less willing to disseminate the technology to other nations, he said: "If that happens, you...
Joslin study provides physiological evidence that insulin is critical for blood vessel formation
...duced blood flow) heart disease have a much higher mortality
rate than the general population. Now, a team of ...he heart muscle, we should be able to decrease the mortality
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10