Tag: "networks" at biology news
Training improves sound localization in ferrets
...the adult brain retains the capacity to rewire the networks
that underlie these skills but it's not clear which tasks benefit from plasticity or how the brain engenders this flexibility. In a study published in the open access journal PLoS Biology, Oliver Kacelnik, Andrew King, and colleagues showed by manip...
California researcher to receive prestigious award in biodiversity informatics
...n developing community-based, distributed database networks
about all terrestrial vertebrates in North America MaNIS for mammals, HerpNET for amphibians and reptiles, and ORNIS for birds. Weiczorek will use the Prize to help expand these projects to Brazil, Argentina, Madagascar and Russia.The Prize will be...
UCI receives major grant to help create national methods and standards for functional brain imaging
...re findings with other labs. A lack of coordinated networks
for sharing data, plus limitations in compatible imaging and computer hardware and software, have isolated scientists. This isolation has barred researchers from collaborative efforts that could provide the large database of brain images needed for a...
Predicting chemotherapy outcome
... findings into global and interconnected molecular networks
that characterise resistance in patients with colo...hemotherapy. They conclude that knowledge of these networks
could potentially be used to improve diagnosis and treatment of patients with colorectal cancer....
A new focus for the mechanism of nerve growth
...s a key part of the process of recycling the actin networks
and ultimately sensing and directing nerve growth....y impede neuronal advance." Forscher likened actin networks
in the growth cone to a molecular treadmill that is constantly being assembled at the leading edge a...
The 'oxygen imperative'
...versity shows that many of the complex biochemical networks
that humans and other advanced organisms depend on...lations to study the effect of oxygen on metabolic networks
the biochemical systems that enable organisms to convert food and nutrients into life-sustaining en...
AIDS research agenda proposed
...nd. Massive disruption of existing social and risk networks
and patterns could easily facilitate or impede HIV transmission. The authors discuss global warming, wars, ecological or economic disruptions, governmental policies, emerging biomedical interventions, viral evolution, and social disorganization as e...
Young researchers recognised for scientific achievements
...ch as biomedical data analysis or modelling neural networks
in an interdisciplinary way and developing novel t...sis of his research is machine learning and neural networks
for signal and image processing. Here, again, it is algorithms that enable machines to adapt and opt...
Mapping the foundation of human development
...nment." Polycomb, it turns out, represses entire networks
of genes that are essential for later development, the same genes that begin to turn on as a stem cell starts to differentiate. That explains why embryonic stem cells immediately grow into specialized cells when Polycomb proteins are lost. "Polycomb...
Even at small scales, the big decisions are made at the water cooler
...d into action with light. "We have these enormous networks
of cells in our heads, and we are still just beginning to learn about how they communicate," said Bialek, a theoretical physicist whose investigations cross over into neuroscience and mathematical approaches to other areas of biology. "The retina sho...
NIH awards $13.3 million to Carnegie Mellon, University of Pittsburgh
...echnologies to investigate regulatory pathways and networks
in real-time in living cells. This work will gener...reclinical research to map the many cell-signaling networks
involved in disease. Ultimately, such biosensors will be used in hospital- and office-based diagnost...
African wetland managers armed with new technology
...information and the inefficient in-situ monitoring networks
hinder the conservation efforts of wetland managers and water authorities. In support of all African countries participating in the project, GlobWetland which is funded by ESA's Data User Element (DUE) hosted a five-day training seminar, developed...
Free access to world-class biological databases for European science thanks to FELICS
...MBL Member States, the EBI coordinates several FP6 networks
of excellence between leading European institutes in bioinformatics and is involved in many others. These connections will ensure that the benefits of FELICS spread far beyond the four partners involved in the project," Cameron says....
K-Staters design and build a low-cost remote sensing tool for environmental studies
...nt of the regional network, Ameriflux. Counterpart networks
in Europe, Asia and Oceania also collect ecologica...face and the atmosphere," Ham said. "Through these networks
we're trying to get a good understanding of all the major ecosystems in the world: grasslands versus...
Joslin-led study reveals new findings on insulin signaling in the liver
...ed study has discovered. Failures in each of these networks
can lead to serious health problems: the breakdown of glucose metabolism that can lead to type 2 diabetes, and the malfunction of lipid metabolism contributing to metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of conditions that puts people at increased risk...
Symposium to examine 'Frontiers in Biological Systems'
... who can help us assemble and envision the complex networks
of genes in respective pathways so we can better understand the cause of disease and develop treatments and therapies." The symposium also will include two sessions describing the development and commercialization of biotech research from UB and in B...
Experts urge industry and international donors to prepare pneumococcal vaccines
...d their partners to establish disease surveillance networks
and begin preparations for pneumococcal vaccine introduction. The experts believe that urgent action to introduce routine childhood pneumococcal vaccination is needed because of the enormous burden of the disease the World Health Organization (WHO)...
APS physics tip sheet #62
... epidemiological models based on our normal social networks
may fail at predicting the threat and propagation ...hers in Germany have now devised a model of social networks
that takes into account the fact that we are likely to sever ties to infected people and add ties to...
New analysis of networks reveals surprise patterns in politics, the web
...loped at the University of Michigan that separates networks
into communities yielded some surprises when used on real-world networks
like political books, blogs, and metabolic systems. For instance, researchers used the algorithm to ...
Brain on chip
...bidirectional communication between chip and small networks
of a few molluskan nerve cells. In this project, it was possible to detect the signalling between cells via their synapses. The chips used in these studies were developed and produced by the scientists themselves. The production requirements of the c...
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