Tag: "newborn" at biology news

New biosensor rapidly detects deadly foodborne pathogen

... five cases is fatal. The elderly, pregnant women, newborn infants and individuals with compromised immune systems are most at risk of contracting the disease. The bacteria classified as Listeria include six different species, but only L. monocytogenes can infect humans. This makes it especially import...

The CF Foundation urges all states to include newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in test panels

...past two decades have demonstrated the benefits of newborn screening for CF. People with CF who are diagnosed...nd quality of life for people with CF. Research on newborn screening for CF has shown further clinical benefit when therapeutic interventions were administered...

Reductions in blood oxygen levels in newborns could contribute to ADHD development

...IEGO-- A repetitive drop in blood oxygen levels in newborn rats, similar to that caused by apnea (brief pause...n Dr. Decker's laboratory at Emory have shown that newborn rats who experience repetitive drops in blood oxygen levels go on to develop behavioral traits simil...

Pain reliever may help treat life-threatening childhood disease

...sity. While SMA strikes only about one in 6,000 newborn Americans each year, it is the leading genetic cause of infant and toddler death in the United States as well as Western Europe. There is no cure or standard treatment, and children with the most severe form of the disease usually die before their se...

Academy meeting highlights advances in detecting Amish, Jewish, and Icelandic genetic diseases

...to develop genetic testing for rapid diagnosis and newborn screening, and to map and identify novel disease-related genes. Other speakers include: Kari Stefnsson, President, deCODE Genetics; Thomas Murray, The Hastings Center; and Jeffrey Friedman, Marilyn M. Simpson Professor at Rockefeller University Dr....

New model of rare childhood blindness holds promise for testing preventive therapies

...in LCA models by supplying the retinas of affected newborn mice with the missing AIPL1 gene," said Melanie Sohocki, Ph.D., assistant professor of Ophthalmic Science at Columbia University (New York) and senior author of the paper. "This approach appears to be a reasonable strategy because of the major role t...

Research studies effects of soy baby formula on intestinal development

...van said. In a second study, she fed one group of newborn piglets a cow's milk-based formula, while feeding other piglets formula supplemented with genistein at the level found in soy formula. This study will be published in the February 2005 issue of Pediatric Research, but an electronic version was relea...

Mothers speak: Physicians often fall short when delivering a down syndrome diagnosis

...e in communicating a diagnosis of Down syndrome in newborn infants. Mothers reported that the majority of ph... in 1997, for example, heard a doctor refer to her newborn as an "FLK" ("funny-looking kid"); another who gave birth in 2000 reported, "The doctor flat out tol...

Cleft palate research receives 200,000 award

...ugh in understanding the causes of cleft palate in newborn babies has begun in Manchester. Dr Jill Dixon, in The University of Manchester's School of Dentistry, has been awarded a three-year New Investigator Award by the Medical Research Council to look into the distressing birth defect. Dr Dixon's work will...

Report assesses health implications of perchlorate ingestion

...rmone production in normal-birth weight, full-term newborn infants. The evidence is insufficient to determine whether or not there is an association between perchlorate exposure and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in children. Because of the weaknesses in the studies of the health effects in human popul...

New neurons born in adult rat cortex

...d many more markers than previous studies to track newborn neurons as they matured and to identify the type of neurotransmitters they secreted. The markers exploited antibody affinities for specific proteins to tag particular cell types with telltale color codes, visible on brain slices under fluorescence w...

Physicians recommend screening for toxoplasmosis for all pregnant women, newborns

...amage, and may result in crippling diseases in the newborn or later in life. "Early detection and treatment o...n so it can be treated, systematic obstetrical and newborn screening for toxoplasmosis are needed. The authors suggest that this is long overdue in the United ...

UCSD team discovers specialized, rare heart stem cells in newborns

...cells rare, specialized stem cells located in the newborn heart of rats, mice and humans has been shown by ...ed stem cells remained embedded in a region of the newborn heart called the atrium. They also determined that the cells could be expanded into millions of prog...

Rapid, new test develped for inherited immune deficiency

...e test, Dr. Puck's group is collaborating with the newborn screening laboratory of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene in Baltimore. The Maryland state lab is supplying some 5,000 blood samples already collected on newborns for the NHGRI lab to test. Although these samples are likely to be n...

Gene therapy completely corrects hemophilia in laboratory animals

...lar biophysics. In addition, the technique using newborn animals had the advantage of not prompting an immu...actor VIII genes was injected into the blood of 11 newborn hemophilic mice and two newborn hemophilic dogs. The viral vector also contained a short DNA promote...

Epilepsy by the numbers

...zure. One way for doctors to be certain whether a newborn is having aseizure is through a diagnostic test ca...oundation. "Looking at electrical signaling in the newborn brain is very important," said Dr. Gregory Holmes, chief of neurology at Dartmouth Medical School an...

Managing maternal depression during pregnancy presents significant challenge to clinicians

... many other drugs as well while in utero. Because newborn behavior is shaped by countless variables, large controlled clinical studies are needed to establish the association between antidepressant-induced syndrome and complications due to other factors, the authors wrote. Until large trials lead to some so...

Water quality a major focus of $14 million grant to the University of Arizona

...wn that exposure to TCE may cause heart defects in newborn children. Now the researchers are determining exactly how TCE causes such damage, with the hope of preventing the damage to future generations. The scientists also are investigating how people of particular ages or ethnicities differ in their suscept...

Developing nervous system sculpted by opposing chemical messengers

La Jolla, Calif. A newborn baby moves, breathes and cries in part because a network of nerves called motor neurons carry signals from the infant's brain and spinal cord to muscles throughout its body. Thanks to new research by scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological S...

Link between mothers' poor diets, kids' obesity

...ce that a premature surge of the hormone leptin in newborn mice of underfed mothers leads to a remodeling of key brain circuits that contributes to obesity in the animals later in life. Moreover, the researchers found that the early leptin surge alone was enough to cause the accelerated weight gain. The find...

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(Date:7/28/2014)... About 100 drugs already approved by the U.S. Food ... prevent the growth of certain bacterial pathogens inside human ... Mediterranean spotted fever. The findings, published in mBio ... for Microbiology, demonstrate a new way of identifying non-antibiotic ... , A handful of drugs on the list ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... discovery of two additional coral communities showing signs of damage ... of the 2010 spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The ... professor of biology at Penn State University. A paper describing ... in the Gulf of Mexico will be published during the ... of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reached the South Pole in ... arrived long before any human. , Using data from ... the Antarctic continent, including the South Pole, a group ... (DRI) in Reno, Nevada, created the most accurate and ... southernmost continent. The new record, described in an article ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections 2Impact of Deepwater Horizon oil spill on coral is deeper and broader than predicted 2Lead pollution beat explorers to South Pole, persists today 2Lead pollution beat explorers to South Pole, persists today 3
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