Tag: "newborns" at biology news
Ethnicity plays a role in neonatal deaths
... questions have emerged about how best to care for newborns
and their mothers, particularly in immigrant popul...educing neonatal infection among African-Americans newborns
may help to lower these differences in mortality, said Lee. From October 2002 to December 2004, d...
Gene discovered for type 1 diabetes in children
...e 1 diabetes may later enable physicians to screen newborns
to predict those at high risk for the disease. The gene implicated in the current research, KIAA0350, is known to be active almost exclusively in immune cells. Although scientists do not currently know the exact function of the protein the gene enc...
A decisive step toward a cure for insulin dependent diabetes
...indings will help develop more effective tests for newborns
prone to developing type I diabetes. Treatment, as, according to Dr. Hakonarson, we can now design highly specific drugs that will precisely target the effects of the defective gene. These treatments, combined with a stem cells regeneration therapy, ...
ACMG recognizes progress made in newborn screening
...ges every state to require complete testing of all newborns
for a core panel of genetic and congenital conditi...hnology have made it possible and feasible to test newborns
for a number of serious or deadly diseases, which can then be treated. With the current expansion of...
Nearly 90 percent of babies receive recommended newborn screening tests
... very good news for families, the lives of 500,000 newborns
who still arent tested hang in the balance, said D... it became the first state to routinely screen all newborns
for PKU (phenylketonuria), an inherited metabolic disorder that, if untreated, causes severe mental ...
Fine particulate matter from traffic may influence birth weight
...ender could be controlled for. The proportion of newborns
with a birth weight below 3,000 grams increased with increasing concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2,5) during pregnancy. A similar association was observed between the absorbance of fine particulate matter and birth weight. The absorbance ...
New $1.16 million study investigates how dietary iron is used by cells
... to developing nations. In the U.S., 5 percent of newborns
and 7 percent of new mothers have clinical symptoms of iron deficiency. Reducing the incidence of this nutritional deficit is one of the objectives of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People 2010 program. Second is the br...
Researchers track snakes to study populations, behavior
... week, the females, after giving birth, stay with newborns
until the young shed about seven to 10 days later. The females generally stay closer to home, but the males are more active and consequently have longer home ranges. Most adults are homies returning to the same area year after year after leaving ...
Promising protein may prevent eye damage in premature babies
...se that annually affects about 15,000 babies. In newborns
with the disease, oxygen-starved areas of the retina compensate by quickly growing new blood vessels. But these new vessels are fragile and leaky. Weve identified a protein that is part of the bodys natural defenses in oxygen-deprived conditions, ...
New adult brain cells may be central to lifelong learning
...f new connections that take place in the brains of newborns
as they wire new pathways in response to experience. The researchers wrote that, since the adult form of critical-period plasticity resembles that seen in young brains, "adult-born neurons within the critical period may serve as major mediators for...
UVa researcher studying disease that cripples newborns
...ch year, the parents of an estimated one in 20,000 newborns
are shocked to learn their child has type 1 congen...rm of DM. Because they lack muscle tone, afflicted newborns
are floppy like rag dolls. Typically, they suffer from poor sucking and swallowing responses, respir...
LIAI scientists make important finding on cytomegalovirus transmission
...als. However, it can cause multi-organ disease in newborns
or persons who are immuno-compromised such as organ transplant recipients or AIDS patients. Ware said, "The main importance of these experiments is identifying the critical molecular targets controlling virus persistence, and two ways in which we c...
A few more minutes of maternal attachment may reduce anemia in children
...a shows that the clamping of the umbilical cord of newborns
from full-term pregnancies (that is, infants born ...ancies) analyzed a total of 151 umbilical cords of newborns
from full-term pregnancies. In 79 cases, the umbilical cord was cut within 20 seconds, and in 72 cas...
Prenatal nicotine exposure can lead to cardiac function reprogramming in adult offspring
... effects of nicotine exposure to their fetuses and newborns
are significant. A 2004 report by the Surgeon General, for example, found that women who smoked during pregnancy had children who were at a three times higher risk for SIDS than were the offspring of non-smokers. Now, a new study using laboratory rat...
PFOA and PFOS detected in newborns
...ch. The researchers analyzed cord serum from 299 newborns
delivered at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore between 2004 and 2005. The samples were tested for the presence of PFOS and PFOA and eight other polyfluoroalkyl compounds. PFOA was detected in all of the samples and PFOS in all but two of the sample...
Improving outcomes in premature births
... 24 to 28 weeks). Using a composite measure of the newborns
health including perinatal death, markers of brain damage and serious lung and bowel complications, mothers treated with nitroglycerin had significantly healthier babies. Graeme N. Smith, MD, PhD, states, "Our team is very excited about these findi...
JCI table of contents -- March 22, 2007
...ucocorticoids has long-term deleterious effects on newborns
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom have found that, as for rodents and other nonprimates, prenatal exposure of nonhuman primate African vervet monkeys (Chloroceus aethiops) to glucocorticoids has long-lasting deleter...
JCI table of contents -- March 1, 2007
...p?id=31423 IMMUNOLOGY: Natural antibodies in newborns
recognize a limited spectrum of proteins Although autoimmune diseases, which occur when the bodys immune system turns on itself, are often characterized by the presence of antibodies that recognize proteins of the tissue that it is under attack, h...
Vitamin D deficiency widespread during pregnancy
...e study. "The numbers also were striking for their newborns
92.4 percent of African-American babies and 66.1 percent of white infants were found to have insufficient vitamin D at birth." A vitamin closely associated with bone health, vitamin D deficiency early in life is associated with rickets a disorder...
Grizzly bears feast on diverse diet
...gulate eaten by the bear (83 per cent), especially newborns
(54 per cent), with white-tailed and mule deer (16 per cent) and elk (1 per cent) more minor in comparison. Rodents, insects (primarily ants), and birds were also consumed. Green vegetation dominated early summer diets and as fruit ripened in early A...
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