Tag: "nose" at biology news
Columbia University scientist wins 2004 Nobel Prize
...xel and Buck has provided understanding on how the nose
is able to distinguish more than 10,000 distinct s...erent genes that encode olfactory receptors in the nose
that detect odors and olfaction. This is believed to be the largest gene family in the human genome...
Talented sniffer: A receptor known for guiding sperm to egg plays a role in the nose
...s also expressed in human olfactory tissues in the nose
and functions in our sense of smell. This remarkab...emonstrated the expression of hOR17-4 in the human nose
by using standard molecular techniques, whereas they tested and demonstrated the actual function of ...
Genetic data crunching achieves milestone at Stanford
...ent stages of development. Researchers use them to nose
out the genes associated with such changes. The problem, however, is that experiments with microarrays yield vast amounts of data. "Microarrays allow researchers to do in six months what previously would have taken six years of concerted effort," exp...
Safety and immunogenicity data available for new pertussis booster vaccine candidate for adolescents
...ilar to the "common cold" with a mild fever, runny nose
and a cough. Symptoms generally progress to more severe coughing episodes, often with a high-pitched "whoop," followed by vomiting. Adolescents generally exhibit different symptoms of the disease, often without the classic "whoop," making it more ...
How running made us human
... the buttocks "keep you from pitching over on your nose
each time a foot hits the ground." Long legs, which chimps and australopithecines lack, let humans to take huge strides when running, Bramble says. So do ligaments and tendons including the long Achilles tendon which act like springs that stor...
New fossil may be closest yet to ancestor of all great apes
...s relatively short, and the structure of the upper nose
lies in the same plane as the eyes. In monkeys, a ridge between the eyes interferes with the plane of vision. Pierolapithecus also had some more primitive, monkey-like features, such as a sloped face and short fingers and toes. Moy-...
Scientists name world's whiffiest cheese
...ld University led the study by using an electronic nose
as well as a human olfactory panel to sniff out th...n White said: "The results suggest that electronic nose
technology could be a useful tool for cheese characterisation, quality control and authenticity test...
Researchers compare chicken, human genomes
...mirror the evolution of the mammary glands and the nose
in mammals and the loss of teeth in birds. But other results of the analysis caught even the researchers by surprise. The analysis showed that a group of genes that code for odor receptor proteins is dramatically expanded in the chicken genome a fi...
Research points to new theory driving evolutionary changes
...al members of a species, such as the length of the nose
in different breeds of domestic dogs. The findings will appear in an upcoming issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and are available online. "We're offering an explanation for a lot of different components of evolution, one t...
Essential oils could help to stamp out MRSA
...skin irritation. MRSA is often carried inside the nose
which means that patients often have to insert treatments up their nostrils, whereas these essential oils can simply be inhaled to prevent the patient being at risk," added Jacqui. Jacqui works with leukaemia patients at the Christie Hospital using e...
Healthy mix of GI tract microbes are key to preventing allergies and asthma
...ink of the body as a big tube with everything from nose
to rear end exposed to allergens from the outside world," Huffnagle says. "The immune system's normal response to all this stuff we constantly inhale is to actively ignore it a reaction we call tolerance. The key to tolerance is an immune cell calle...
Scientists find that the human nose is more complicated than a jumbo jet
Winter colds can give you a blocked up nose
that stops you smelling chimney smoke, roasting ch...have not only discovered how air moves through the nose
bringing you those smells but their work may lead to new ways of unblocking it and helping you to br...
Novel antiviral technology inhibits RSV infection in mice
...ys to weeks." Dr. Mohapatra and his team developed nose
drops containing vectors capable of producing small fragments of RNA (siRNA). These fragments were encapsulated within chitosan nanoparticles -- miniscule naturally-occurring, biodegradable particles that stick to mucous-producing cells lining the lu...
It came from the sea: 'Monster' crabs evolve a bug's nose
...estors, have re-invented key aspects of the insect nose
through evolution in order to solve the problem of olfaction in their air-filled terrestrial environment. The robber crab, Birgus latro, is the world's largest land-dwelling arthropod, with a weight reaching 4 kg and a length of more than half a mete...
Marsh-dwelling mole gives new meaning to the term 'fast food'
...rces. Of course, that doesn't mean it turns up its nose
at larger prey, like long, luscious earthworms. Th...ped its star nose. The 22 appendages that ring its nose
have a much larger surface area than the sensitive area of an ordinary mole nose. The flexible finge...
Robots that act like rats
...t a wall, feel their way along the walluntil their nose
goes into a corner, then mostly stay put. Becausetheir senses and responses are so limited, pups should be a goodstarting point for building robots that can do the same thing. Joshi's laboratory built foot-long robots with tapered snouts, aboutthe sa...
Technological revolutions in sensors, robotics, and telecommunications allow new views of ocean
... manned submersible, Delta. Lying sideways in the nose
of the sub, researchers wrap their legs around the pilot's chair, peering out the portholes and calling out species as they pass by. Yoklavich uses the Delta to observe rockfish in the deep rocky habitat they call home areas where traditional ne...
VUMC researchers find drug-resistant bacteria MRSA a growing threat
...f century that staphylococcus likes to live in the nose
and that's where it thrives. If it's not in the nose, you probably don't have it. So we went out and collected these samples." What Creech and colleagues discovered was that 9.2 percent of the children from this sampling were positive for MRSA in th...
New findings about protection against pneumococcal disease
... step of pneumococcal disease, colonization of the nose
and throat, Malley and Lipsitch were able to elici...asive disease when given to animals in the form of nose
drops. Malley believes the vaccine stimulates CD4+ T-cells to identify components of pneumococcus th...
Sensory deprivation reduces new cell size in the olfactory system
...ually replenished by stem cells. Stem cells in the nose
replenish the sensory cells, which send the odor messages to the olfactory bulb. "There also are stem cells deep in the brain that replenish the interneurons, which carry out much of the processing of the odor messages that takes place in the olfacto...
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