Tag: "nutrition" at biology news
Georgia Tech study: Short glass shapes cause over-pouring of alcohol
...k, a professor of marketing, applied economics and nutrition
science at Cornell University in the study, "Reducing Alcohol Over-pouring and Underreporting." They consider their findings relevant to policymakers and law-enforcement officials who want to increase public safety, groups wanting to promote responsi...
Getting an evolutionary handle on life after reproduction
...t young, extended lifespan is associated with good nutrition
and the absence of disease and predators. In a new study, David Reznick, Michael Bryant, and Donna Holmes provide the first experimental confirmation that evolution works selectively on those aspects of life history that directly affect fitness. Th...
Penn researchers provide recommendations for artificial nutrition and hydration
... agreement about the appropriate use of artificial nutrition
and hydration (ANH) for patients who are seriously...goals for care. According to Casarett, "Artificial nutrition
is generally not the life-saving treatment that people believe it to be. Unlike food and water, ANH ...
Study finds that nutritionally enhanced rice reduces iron deficiency
...earch program focused on breeding crops for better nutrition
and led by IFPRI and the International Center for ...lic health systems struggle to improve the overall nutrition
of the world's poor through nutritional supplements. In these areas, commercially fortified foods al...
New edition of the Joslin Guide to Diabetes, a must read for people with diabetes
...m A to Z. It includes new chapters on the latest nutrition
advice, including counting carbohydrates, identifying healthy carbs, and matching insulin to carbohydrate intake. Specific guidance for using physical activity and exercise to manage diabetes and reduce the risk of future complications is provided, a...
Joslin Diabetes Center launches $100 million fundraising campaign
...s, insulin action and insulin resistance; obesity, nutrition
and metabolism; complications of diabetes and the metabolic syndrome; and multicultural health. Specific programs in clinical care and education to be funded through the Campaign include: The Joslin Center for Childhood Diabetes; The Joslin Center f...
Recycled or revamped therapeutics find novel anti-cancer applications
... infected with malaria may address a critical cell nutrition
issue with proliferating cancer cells. Phase II Trial of Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) plus Thalidomide in Patients with Hormone Nave Prostate Cancer (HNPC) (Abstract 3230) A combination of two drugs already in use to ...
Highlights from the November Journal of the American Dietetic Association
...lth risk perspective. Their goal in studying men's nutrition
intakes is to determine any correlations with over...en emphasize the importance of targeted preventive nutrition
interventions to promote health in the male population." The authors add: "Future improvements in p...
New risk analysis study shows school soft drink consumption has no impact on adolescent obesity
...viewed study applying risk analysis methodology to nutrition
policy shows that consumption of carbonated soft d... of Science's risk assessment paradigm to evaluate nutrition
and health issues, in this case soft drink consumption from vending machines in schools, and the pot...
Mental stimulation through play has beneficial effect on children with stunted growth
... 2005) by The Lancet. In developing countries poor nutrition
in early life causes growth retardation in one third of all children younger than 5 years. Children with stunted growth early in life often have poor school achievement and cognition later in life. Previously, Susan Walker (The University of the Wes...
Pillows - a hot bed of fungal spores
...st mites' faeces as a major source of nitrogen and nutrition
(along with human skin scales). There could therefore be a 'miniature ecosystem' at work inside our pillows." Aspergillus is a very common fungus, carried in the air as well as being found in cellars, household plant pots, compost, computers and gro...
'Acid rain' and forest mass: Another perspective
...se compounds on the forest mass are the well-known nutrition
disorders of the same. One classic effect is that of cation deficit (particularly magnesium) due to the washing both of the forest canopy and the soil produced by these together with anions (sulphates and nitrates). This problem is not very common in...
Muscle of obese 'programmed' to amass fat, genetic study finds
...ence. "Compelling evidence indicates that deviant nutrition
during critical developmental periods can impose imprinted metabolic adaptations that persist into adulthood," the researchers wrote. "Such observations suggest that transient environmental stress can trigger permanent alterations in metabolic contro...
Gene makes muscles in the obese store more fat
...can be triggered by environmental factors, such as nutrition
or chemical exposure, and carried forward even after the stimulus is removed. The gene investigated in the study is present in obese and lean people, but was overexpressed, or more active, in obese muscle tissue and cells, which means the obese tiss...
Feedback loop found that could forestall liver disease
...n also occur in patients who are getting all their nutrition
through intravenous feeding, because the gall bladder never receives the signal from the small intestine to release bile acids. Dr. Kliewer said perhaps giving cholestatis patients FGF19 the human equivalent of FGF15 may turn off the overproductio...
NSF awards 19 new projects to better undestand genetic processes in plants of economic importance
...bean seed, an important source of human and animal nutrition
and a raw material for industrial applications, will likely be applicable to seeds from all plants. Another subset of awards centers on understanding the genetics of trees. Trees are naturally important to produce oxygen, provide shade and fight soi...
University of Chicago researchers find human brain still evolving
...points out that "brain size is very heritable. Bad nutrition
is typically not a factor; the brain is very privileged within the body." The researchers emphasize that very little is known about the impact of these variants. They may not have anything to do with cognition or intelligence. "Just because these gen...
American Dietetic Association 2005 Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo
... Dietetic Association brings the world of food and nutrition
to St. Louis, Mo., October 22-25 at ADA's 2005 Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo. From the latest nutrition
science research findings to developments in national health policy and legislation from children's...
Bad aftertaste? New sensory on/off switch may 'cure' bane of artificial sweetener search
...ing out the offending taste. From the viewpoint of nutrition
and health promotion, including removal of antioxidants, these are undesirable stopgap solutions." Responding to popular demands for lower-calorie foods, scientists together with the food industry over the past few decades have developed numerous s...
Crisis in African fish supplies looms, experts warn Africa leaders
...ried this approach with impressive results. "Their nutrition
has improved because they are eating fish and they... strengthen the role of fish in providing food and nutrition
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