Tag: "nutrition" at biology news

HSPH's Walter Willett wins Bristol-Myers Squibb/Mead Johnson Freedom to Discover Award

...ng, he uncovered significant relationships between nutrition and chronic diseases, including major cancers, car...essential and critical insights into the role that nutrition can play in the development and prevention of a number of chronic diseases," says Robert Burns, Ph.D...

Brain tumors may originate with neural stem cells, researchers say

...which are non-nerve cells that provide support and nutrition to cells of the nervous system. Because these incurable cancers generally are not detected until they are advanced, when symptoms have begun to develop, scientists have been unsure where, or what, initiates the process of uncontrolled cell replicatio...

Ethanol treatment may be instrumental in fighting IV-based infections

...er to patients a range of life-saving medications, nutrition and fluids, among other uses. But these lifesaving... back out and reattach the IV fluids, intraveneous nutrition or intravenous medications, and the risk of later bloodstream infection caused by germs that may hav...

Happy and passive means more productive animals

... means less aggressive animals suffer from lack of nutrition and increased injury. In a group composed of both aggressive and passive animals, even those at the top of the pecking order are harmed from overeating, which wastes food because their bodies can't properly utilize the nutrition. "Genes not only cont...

Mechanism proposed for link between RU-486 and fatal infections

...blocking the effects of progesterone, shutting off nutrition to the placenta and fetus. However, Miech points o...thrives in this low-oxygen environment and derives nutrition from the decaying fetal tissue. Meanwhile, other hormonal effects of mifepristone, known as antigluc...

Tufts nutrition scientists say it is premature to focus on nutrient supplements over diet

...ussell, MD, report that the most promising data on nutrition and optimal health outcomes relate to dietary patterns, not nutrient supplements. They further state that there are insufficient data to justify altering public health policy from an emphasis on foods and dietary patterns to one on supplements. The ...

Scientists discover more about how cancer cells form and grow

...is contact stimulates angiogenesis, the tumor gets nutrition and grows faster, Wang explained. Conversely, Wang...king the signaling pathway can cut off the tumor's nutrition and stop its growth. If this development pans out as a treatment, Wang said he envisions a two-prong...

Scientists and the UK Kennel Club work together for healthier dogs and people

...e important genes we will be able to design better nutrition and veterinary drugs for dogs. Breeders will also have a much more accurate way of avoiding crosses that could increase the likelihood of disease." Professor Julia Goodfellow, Chief Executive of BBSRC, said, "Research like this is not only important ...

Research team receives $7.5 million to study cassava

...Gates Foundation mandated that we provide complete nutrition in a single crop species," Sayre said. "We hope to achieve each individual goal to reduce cyanide content, reduce deterioration after harvesting and increase virus resistance. "Eventually, we'd like to bring all of these traits together into one var...

Tufts researchers shine light on firefly mysteries

...hat signal indicates males that can provide better nutrition for their offspring. But the Tufts research team has recently found evidence suggesting that the preferred males in a related species (Photinus greeni) do not provide any such benefit. "It's possible that the male flash pattern may have evolved to p...

Two Children's Hospital Boston researchers win top presidential awards

...he views anorexia as a model for understanding how nutrition and severe malnutrition affect bone health in other pediatric settings such as vitamin D deficiency, cystic fibrosis, and chronic steroid treatment for rheumatologic or inflammatory bowel disease. "I'm thrilled that pediatric osteoporosis has been ...

Highlights in the June 2005 issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

...e nutritional profile of an infected host in "Host nutrition and infectious disease: an ecological view." Discussing how nutrient supplies to an infected host can have important effects on the disease process, the researchers examine the role of varying amounts of carbohydrates, iron, and glutamine on differe...

Joslin study shows weight control protects against low birth weight related glucose intolerance

...late to humans and how we can use them to optimize nutrition in children with a history of low birth weight." ... that can occur in many ways other than inadequate nutrition of the mother," says Dr. Patti. "Now we have a strategy that might help individuals with a history o...

Digging in the dirt for life's biochemical foundations

...st that fungi are more important in plant nitrogen nutrition than we have hitherto suspected," says Alastair H. Fitter, a plant biologist at the University of York and an expert in root system functioning. The fungus-plant partnership is one of the planet's oldest and dates back more than 400 million years, wh...

Joslin's new textbook is leading source for advances in diabetes care

...n therapy and oral agents, diabetes in minorities, nutrition and exercise, and the behavioral and psychological issues related to diabetes," said Editor Alan M. Jacobson, M.D., Senior Vice President of Joslin's Strategic Initiatives Division, Director of Behavioral and Mental Health, and HMS Professor of Psych...

Stress, mood and other factors may affect mom's diet during pregnancy

...en new avenues for increasing the effectiveness of nutrition programs," said Caulfield....

Non-dieters more successful at boosting health than dieters, study finds

...s in obese women, according to a two-year study by nutrition researchers at the University of California, Davis... in their health if they diet and slim down," said nutrition researcher and professor Linda Bacon, who conducted the study along with Judith Stern, a UC Davis pr...

Dogs get back in the action: New pet food improves mobility and quality of life for dogs

...ur dog stay active for as long as possible. Proper nutrition is an essential component for your dog's health. ...nd dry formulas with the right balance of advanced nutrition with a great taste that pets love. Exercise: Even if your dog is stiff or sluggish, he still needs...

U.N. mulls the protection of Earth's forests

...opment goals that include the environment, health, nutrition and energy. Forests need to be integrated into these other interests and solutions." Another obstacle to an international arrangement on forests is the nature of the resource. Air and water flow across international borders. Barring the occasional hu...

Early origins of obesity: Programming the appetite regulatory system

...sure to either an increased or decreased levels of nutrition before birth leads to an increased risk of obesity in postnatal life. Building on the strong foundation of studies linking prenatal exposures to patterns of postnatal feeding behavior, these researchers have addressed the question, to what extent t...

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(Date:8/19/2014)... biology and other science courses are increasingly being ... now they have a new textbook to help ... published this month by Princeton Press and co-authored ... and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS), teaches readers about basic ... to explore and explain biological phenomena. , Suitable ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... awarded a nearly $40,000 grant from the National Center ... the National Park Service (NPS) and U.S. Department of ... of the energy efficiency and cost effectiveness of radiant ... , Radiant barriers are reflective thermal insulations commonly fitted ... reducing the amount of heat emitted in the direction ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... are superior to humans and animals in a number ... which enables them to regrow entire organs. After being ... back its entire crown. But there is one major ... literally rooted to the habitats in which they live ... In response to this dilemma, plants have developed mechanisms ...
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