Tag: "nutritional" at biology news

Cigarette smoking exacerbates alcohol-induced brain damage

...ng and laboratory markers of drinking severity and nutritional status were also compared. "Results indicate that chronic cigarette smoking increases the severity of brain damage associated with alcohol dependence," said Durazzo. "That is, the combined effects of alcohol dependence and chronic smoking are associ...

Vitamin E in plant seeds could halt prostate, lung cancer, says Purdue scientist

...in many plant seeds - but not in most manufactured nutritional supplements - might halt the growth of prostate an...n be reproduced in animal models. But because most nutritional supplements contain only alpha-tocopherol, a different form of vitamin E that alone does not have th...

Researchers compare chicken, human genomes

... a resource for researchers seeking to enhance the nutritional value of poultry and egg products. Furthermore, as the first of 9,600 species of birds to have its genome fully sequenced and analyzed, the chicken genome will help to further understanding of avian genomics and biology in general....

First analysis of chicken genome offers many new insights

...ural scientists trying to improve the chicken as a nutritional resource and to limit the spread of avian flu viruses. Scientists found the chicken genome has about the same number of genes as the human genome: 20,000-23,000 versus the human genome's estimated 20,000-25,000 genes. However, those genes are con...

Eating red meat may increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis

...d to play a role in RA's development. The role of nutritional factors is less certain. Studies have suggested the protective benefits of eating fish, the dangers of drinking coffee, and a reduction in disease risk for women who enjoy alcohol in moderation. Such associations, however, are still wide open to deb...

Study suggests nutrient decline in garden crops over past 50 years

...ables, but also melons and strawberries, for which nutritional data were available from both 1950 and 1999 and compared them both individually and as a group. The study, based on U.S. Department of Agriculture data, will appear in the December issue of the Journal of the American College of Nutri...

Studies in Royal Society journals include stress in birds and depletion of medieval fish stocks

...trafloral nectaries on their leaves that provide a nutritional resource for ants. In some populations of wild co... components of the calling song that indicate male nutritional condition during juvenile development and at present, respectively. In a choice experiment, females ...

Cardiovascular and neurological benefits of high antioxidant foods and beverages

...pe industry. Ruth Carey, R.D., L.D. Ms. Carey is a nutritional consultant in private practice. She has extensive expertise in the areas of sports nutrition, nutrition for fitness, cardiovascular nutrition and weight control....

Invasive sea squirt alive and well on Georges Bank

...of the tunicate will be evaluated to determine its nutritional value to predators, and to confirm the species through DNA analysis. The tunicate can spread by reproducing either sexually or asexually by budding. The free-swimming tadpoles produced by sexual reproduction live only a few days, during which time t...

Heart responds to fasting by remodeling vital energy-producing components

...ore energy efficient and serve as an adaptation to nutritional deprivation in mammals," says Richard Gross, M.D.,... are quite dynamic and change shape in response to nutritional and hormonal cues. But we are the first to report that mitochondria essentially remodel their own me...

Community living causes bacteria to diversify

... biofilm growth, the bacteria diversified in their nutritional requirements, ability to swim, capacity for dissemination, production of protective substances, as well as in other traits," said Matt Thoendel, a UI medical and doctoral student who contributed to the work. "This was very surprising," said Blaise Bo...

New studies regarding the efficacy of antioxidants and their impact on standard cancer treatment

...ng, Elena J. Ladas, and Kara M. Kelly). Specific nutritional protocols for both active cancer treatment and mai...unfavorable effects of non-prescribed vitamins and nutritional supplements taken during treatment and multi-vitamins with low dosages of antioxidants after the com...

New Royal Society journal studies

...onship between call physical properties and caller nutritional and immunological condition. Scream harshness, a feature expressing aggression, was related to caller health, suggesting that these calls might honestly signal prey condition and thus escape ability, on which predators might base their foraging choic...

Is the zebra fish leading us to new therapies?

...They form a kind of network to bring the necessary nutritional and building materials to organs and tissues and to carry off waste products. So, it is difficult to overstate the importance of blood vessels to a well-functioning body. Disorders in which the blood supply is impaired are quite serious: deficient bl...

Common gout drug shown to reduce risk from colorectal cancer

...dies have focused on using antioxidants, mainly of nutritional origin, to reduce the risk of cancer," said Dr. Rennert, who also serves as chairman of the Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology with the Carmel Medical Center and is a member of the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Faculty of M...

Excess dietary fat accelerates breast cancer by altering the activity of a group of genes

...ivity of common elements in human diet, beyond the nutritional value, which may permit scientific opinions to be formulated on the health of the population of the risk of disease. It is therefore involved in the field of secondary and especially primary prevention of breast cancer. ...

The CF Foundation urges all states to include newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in test panels

...es, delayed diagnosis has resulted in irreversible nutritional and pulmonary morbidities. By making a CF diagnosis sooner, therapeutic interventions can minimize and postpone the development of symptoms, which can slow the progression of the disease. Implementation of CF Newborn Screening Participants in a rec...

Health, food, new technologies featured during ACS meeting Oct. 17-20 in Peoria, Ill.

...ally healthier alternatives to the oils as well as nutritional and regulatory aspects. ( AGFD/AOCS 316-321 , Tuesday, Oct. 19, 1:30-5:00 p.m., Illinois Central College, Classroom 306) Emerging Technologies for the 21 st Century James Shoffner, Ph.D., adjunct professor of science, Columbia College, Chicag...

Bovine genome assembled

...h and disease management of cattle and enhance the nutritional value of beef and dairy products. Sequencing of the bovine genome began in December 2003. The breed of cattle selected for the bulk of the sequencing project was Hereford, which is used in beef production. A high-resolution photo of the Hereford cow...

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(Date:8/29/2014)... modern materials that are light, flexible and highly conductive ... electronic paper. , Making such concepts affordable enough for ... of working with copper nanowires and a PVA "nano ... in the field of ultra-lightweight "aerogel monoliths" has largely ... nanowires. , By turning instead to copper, both ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... America (ESA) is pleased to announce the selection of ... Society. Honorary Membership acknowledges those who have served ESA ... the affairs of the Society that has reached an ... the ESA Governing Board and then voted on by ... the Awards Ceremony at Entomology 2014, ESA,s Annual Meeting ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... in German . ... name to a striking pattern of blue stripes alternating with ... silvery cells, and yellow cells emerge during growth in the ... multilayered mosaic to compose the characteristic colour pattern. ... to interact to form proper stripes, the embryonic origin of ...
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