Tag: "nutritional" at biology news
Research updates 65-year-old genetic discovery
.... For humans, this taste sensitivity may influence nutritional
choices and ultimately their health, as well as behaviors, such as smoking. For chimpanzees, it provides a way to live safely in their environments by avoiding toxic plants and other harmful compounds. Research conducted more 65 years ago by a team o...
Pennsylvania researchers find liver transplants provide metabolic cure for rare genetic disease
...years, early diagnosis of MSUD followed by careful nutritional
therapy have improved the health and developmental...l complications. It is a reasonable alternative to nutritional
therapy, particularly for patients with poor access to specialized medical care. However, liver tran...
Virginia Bioinformatics Institute to develop Tomato Metabolite Database
...ain genes in tomatoes affect the crop's flavor and nutritional
value. The Tomato Metabolite Database, which is be... highly complex traits that control the flavor and nutritional
value of the tomato, this work will not only help to improve the way tomatoes are grown but will als...
Key nutrients critical for older infants' development
...ttee on Nutrition, it can be difficult to meet the nutritional
needs of older infants. Since human milk alone is no longer adequate to meet infant nutritional
requirements after 6 months of age, the importance of complementary foods was stressed. In older in...
Liver signal critical for insulin's brain action
...cose in the liver. However, the mechanism by which nutritional
and hormonal status controls hepatic STAT3 had remained unknown, said study author Masato Kasuga of Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine in Japan. Insulin secreted by the pancreas after a meal normally allows body tissues, such as muscle and f...
New guidelines improve diagnosis and quality of life for people with Parkinson disease
...isease. No evidence was available to support that nutritional
supplements, including vitamin E, are useful in slowing the progress or improving symptoms of Parkinson disease. Some people have feared that levodopa, one of the most effective treatments for Parkinson disease, may speed up disease symptoms. The gui...
UC Davis, Lawrence Livermore researchers
...d absorption in a human subject. The team included nutritional
biochemists Stephen R. Dueker and Colleen Carkeet at the School of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, who worked with microbiologists John Roth and Peter Anderson from the College of Biological Sciences to synthesize the new compound in Salmone...
Biologists estimate the value of services provided by insects
... the United States. And insects provide a critical nutritional
resource that supports hunting, fishing, and observation of wildlife valued at $50 billion. Losey and Vaughan stress that their assessment is conservative in that it includes only a fraction of the value of all the services insects provide. They sugg...
Prenatal genistein in soy reduces obesity in offspring
...nding that our parent's and even our grandparent's nutritional
status and environmental exposures can regulate ou...His earlier research demonstrated that four common nutritional
supplements fed to pregnant mice, including folic acid and vitamin B12, lowered their offspring's su...
Minimal cocktail for growing human embryonic stem cells established
Researchers at Yale have established the minimal nutritional
requirements for growing and maintaining human embryonic stem cells, a recipe that is critical for clinical application and for developmental studies, according to an early online report this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. H...
Strawberries by design
...he long term, be extremely useful in enhancing the nutritional
value of these plants as well as the amount of health-enhancing antioxidants that they may contain. Jerzy Nowak, professor and head of the Department of Horticulture at Virginia Tech, commented: "Over the years, scientists have worked hard to find a ...
Cholesterol-lowering foods most effective when combined, U of T study
...ed meals." Jenkins is a leading researcher in the nutritional
sciences who developed the glycemic index. His previous studies explored the connections between high-fibre diets, soy foods and heart disease prevention, and meal frequency, vegetarian diets and almonds in reducing cholesterol levels. In future stu...
U-M researchers take new approach to defeating Gram-negative bugs
... genomic knockouts did not survive without special nutritional
supplements. Later, they were surprised to see that with different growth conditions, the cell began to grow again but without the hair-like structure. The cells survived---but they looked a lot like Gram-positive cells, without all the sugars on the...
UCR researchers design chip that can improve citrus varieties
...ness, flavor components, pest and disease control, nutritional
characteristics, and reproductive development. "The citrus array helps us quickly examine a certain trait in citrus," said Mikeal Roose , a professor of genetics in the Department of Botany and Plant Sciences at UCR and a leader of the three-year re...
Nutritional friend or foe? Vitamin E sends mixed messages
...s a chance to reach its quinone stage. Still, some nutritional
supplement companies make and sell gamma-tocopherol supplements, promoting this version of vitamin E as a good antioxidant source. In theory, taking a vitamin supplement a concentrated form of the vitamin - increases the amount of that substance in ...
Arctic marine mammals: The new canaries?
...ead whales and walrus which feed at low trophic or nutritional
levels consume invertebrates such as krill and clams which typically have reduced exposure to mercury and many chlorinated pesticides. Yet, these same predators have increased exposure to cadmium, which accumulates in the liver and kidney. Apex preda...
Ethiopian development raises birth rate
...anning provisions were absent. They looked at the nutritional
status of women and children (in terms of weight a...ildren and the birth rate increased. However, the nutritional
status of young children declined. Overall, neither women's health nor nutritional
Ethiopian water programme raises birth rate; viral encephalitis study
...A further finding in the study was surprising: the nutritional
status of children fell in the villages which had taps, even though their risk of dying was lower. Gibson and Mace say their study is the first to show a link between the introduction of a 'technological intervention' and an increase in birth rate....
The future of nutritional genomics is collaboration
... and expertise of a large collaborative network of nutritional
genomics researchers dedicated to investigating how genetics and nutrition can promote health or prevent disease. "Advancing our knowledge of diet-gene interactions is critical," says Ordovas, who is also a professor at the Friedman School of Nutrit...
Not just the birds
...ee and fox-infested islands. "By disconnecting the nutritional
link from sea to land, the introduction of foxes to the Aleutians has reduced or eliminated the significance of the perimeter-to-area relationship that is so clearly evident on fox-free islands," say the authors. Previous studies have focused on trop...
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