Tag: "nutritional" at biology news

Early origins of obesity: Programming the appetite regulatory system

...ulating system before birth, and that increases in nutritional supply are able to regulate the expression of thes...e before birth and may be responding to signals of nutritional status. This, of course, raises the possibility that changes in the fetal environment can permenantl...

Excess liver gene protects against high-fat diet

...etic alteration with opposite effects in different nutritional environments." The researchers examined lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis in mice with an approximately 3-fold increase in the concentration of LXRa receptors in their livers. The mice also lacked a second gene that made them particularly prone t...

Highlights of the May 2005 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...ldren who consistently ate breakfast had "superior nutritional profiles" than those children who skipped breakfast. The review of the studies also found breakfast eaters generally consumed more calories each day, but were less likely to be overweight. Results also indicated eating breakfast may improve children'...

Food fried in vegetable oil may contain toxic compound

... Saari Csallany, a professor of food chemistry and nutritional biochemistry, and graduate student Christine Seppanen have shown that when highly unsaturated vegetable oils are heated at frying temperature (365 F) for extended periods--or even for half an hour--a highly toxic compound, HNE (4-hydroxy-trans-2-none...

Study shows how retinoic acid enters a cell's nucleus

...tance to the treatment. Noa Noy, a professor of nutritional sciences at Cornell, and Richard Sessler, the paper's lead author and a graduate student in Noy's lab, wanted to learn how RA is transported into the cell's nucleus. The chemical structure of RA makes it hydrophobic, meaning it is barely soluble in w...

Research notes: Policy points from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts

...rticle in Lancet, Public Nutrition, which includes nutritional assessment, analysis and response, is delayed by p...o understand and identify the source of heightened nutritional risks resulting from "food insecurity, inadequate maternal and child care, and poor public health" w...

NSAID drug protects against intestinal tumors in mice, despite poor diet and gene losses

... illustrate the interplay between genes and common nutritional and medicinal agents in development of cancer in the intestines. The drug they tested, sulindac, was a highly effective chemoprevention agent, the researchers say, because it worked to induce expression of the p21 gene, which they found put a firm st...

Panel discusses effect of individualized diets on chronic disease risk

...ver 250 people, researchers, health professionals, nutritional scientists, and a panel of experts discussed how t... that they believe will best meet their individual nutritional needs and technology will lead the way in determining what those needs are." Although there are some...

Puberty onset influence of nutritional, environmental and endogenous regulators?

...spected to be linked with environmental, including nutritional factors. It should be pointed out that besides the...ocio-economic factors. PIONEER aims at identifying nutritional factors that are directly or indirectly involved in puberty onset, taking into account the genetic b...

Modular Genetics, Inc., strikes deal with Monsanto

...) -- Genes that could bolster crop yields, improve nutritional content, or make food crops more disease resistant can now be more easily identified and developed because of breakthrough technology developed by Modular Genetics Inc. (MGI), a Woburn, Mass.-based biotechnology company. MGI recently struck a three...

Fasting intermittently reduces cell proliferation, a marker for cancer risk, study finds

...stine Chai, a UC Berkeley undergraduate student in nutritional sciences and toxicology, also co-authored this study....

Media advisory: ASM Beneficial Microbes Conference -- April 2005

... and mechanisms that contribute to satisfying host nutritional and protective needs are largely unknown. This ASM conference will delve into the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the fascinating "healthy" relationships existing between microbes and animals. Sessions will highlight new findings on s...

Missing micronutrients - How best to nourish a child?

...ed animal source foods - was a better predictor of nutritional status than the quantity of food consumed. Although the "green revolution" greatly expanded access to cereals as a cheap and available sources of energy, it also has had a downside, according to Montague Demment, as cereals became abundant and cheap....

Novel sulfide-binding mechanism found in deep-sea tubeworms

...that, as far as we know, provide all of the worm's nutritional needs," says Charles Fisher, professor of biology at Penn State, whose research team includes Penn State graduate assistant Jason Flores, the lead author of the research paper, and William Royer, professor of biochemistry and molecular pharmacology a...

Chemical analysis of mushrooms shows their nutritional benefits

...e tailored into dietary plans to help fill various nutritional needs. Using modern analytic tools, scientists at ...r foods," said George C. Fahey Jr., a professor of nutritional sciences in the department of animal sciences at Illinois. "These profiles include the digestible ca...

Beer-drinking rats count calories better than many people, UF researchers say

...k supports the idea that people don't consider the nutritional aspects of beer, liquor, mixed drinks and even soft drinks. "I think it tells people to watch what they are eating," Rowland said. "Outside factors are overriding the natural signals that we've eaten enough or have had too much to drink. That's not...

Highlights of the February Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...ndings: Most parents and teachers agree that the nutritional health of students should be a school priority but only 18 percent of parents and 31 percent of teachers believe schools give adequate attention to student nutrition. A large majority of parents and teachers (90 percent) agree that healthy snacks an...

EB and IUPS - Where cures of tomorrow can be seen in the science of today

...metabolism; nutrient-gene interactions; lactation; nutritional and behavioral factors in obesity; new information related to individual vitamins and minerals; and nutritional epidemiology with a focus on diet and health outcomes. Symposia address individualized nutrition as ...

Alfred Sommer awarded prestigious Pollin Prize

..., Dr. Christian has explored new links between the nutritional deficiencies of mothers and increased infant mortality in the developing world. Recently, she has been working in Bangladesh and Nepal on studies examining the improvements in infant survival with maternal vitamin A and beta-carotene supplementation ...

Research studies effects of soy baby formula on intestinal development

...et study were An-Chian Chen, a doctoral student in nutritional sciences; Mark A. Berhow, an adjunct professor of biochemistry in the UI department of crop sciences and researcher for the USDA-ARS Bioactive Agents Research Unit in Peoria, Ill.; and Kelly A. Tappenden, professor of food science. Both studies were ...

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(Date:8/21/2014)... the journal Carcinogenesis by researchers at the ... protein adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) in suppressing colorectal cancer ... U.S. , Lead author Kristi Neufeld, associate professor in ... Cancer Biology program at the KU Cancer Center, has ... understand the various activities of APC, a protein whose ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... A team of researchers at Louisiana Tech ... using affordable, consumer-grade 3D printers and materials ... contain antibacterial and chemotherapeutic compounds for targeted ... doctoral students and research faculty from Louisiana ... collaborated to create filament extruders that can ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... State University have developed a novel and versatile modeling ... for creating new materials as well as for studying ... allows us to model much larger and more complex ... says Nan Li, lead author of a paper on ... Department of Materials Science and Engineering. "This is a ...
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