Tag: "output" at biology news
Through a satellite darkly: Night views of European seas improve ESA ocean heat map
...tween actual observations and the numerical model, output
data can be credibly used for operational tasks. And these models can also be used to look deeper than just the ocean surface. Medspiration and MARCOAST The Medspiration project is being supported through ESA's Data User Element of the Earth Obse...
Liver signal critical for insulin's brain action
... that operate within the liver to decrease glucose output
in response to insulin action in the brain, Myers said. "Given that disregulation of glucose production in the liver is an important pathophysiological feature of type 2 diabetes, the mechanism uncovered in this study may serve as a therapeutic targe...
News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
...the response of ganglion cells and maintains these output
cells within their dynamic spiking range. 4. Memantine Revisited Catherine Creeley, David F. Wozniak, Joanne Labruyere, George T. Taylor, and John W. Olney It seemed simple. Excess glutamate kills neurons; thus, blocking glutamate receptors should ...
Brain communicates in analog and digital modes simultaneously
...eform known to be able to travel down the axon, or output
portion of the cell. Due to its length and thinness, the nerve axon has been believed to be impassable to the smaller analog voltage deflections that gave rise to action potential. As this action potential reaches the synaptic terminals of the axon,...
Research milestone brings goal closer of cheap antimalarial drug for developing world
...rsion of the engineered bacteria, he noted, so its output
of artemisinic acid is still relatively low. But Keasling is optimistic. "This was our highest hurdle, what kept me up at night," he said. "Now that we've got all the parts, I feel it's just a matter of time before we have a microbe ready for scale-u...
News Tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
...ulate nucleus (LGN) and cortex and send inhibitory output
back to the LGN. The authors recorded spike rates ...ulate nucleus (LGN) and cortex and send inhibitory output
back to the LGN. The authors recorded spike rates of individual visual TRN neurons in monkeys. These...
Faster immune system testing set to improve poultry quality
...olves intensive housing and management to maximise output
leading to an increase incidence of disease. And, because poultry is a global industry, similar disease problems are found all over the world, as highlighted by the emergence of bird flu. Useful research and preventive tool Reduced immunity is a s...
Hormonal male contraception reversible after few months for all men
...n 30 studies published in 19902005, in which sperm output
was monitored every month until recovery. The primary outcome was the time for the sperm concentration to recover to a threshold of 20 million per mL, an indicator of fertility. Data were available for around 1500 men. The average time for sperm rec...
Whale bubble nets, saxophone sounds, ultrasonic laser
...c.edu ), says that, like laser light, the acoustic output
of his device is extremely coherent (all the waves are coordinated) and mono-frequency. This UASER (ultrasound amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) is an example of classical, not quantum, physics. Weaver said he anticipates various app...
Studies shed new light on why exercise can protect against skin and bowel cancers
... balance, produced by increasing the mice's energy output
(by use of a running wheel) while maintaining a restricted calorie intake, appeared to be the important factor in inhibiting the growth of polyps (the fore-runners of bowel tumours). "Negative energy balance was indicated by a lower body weight among...
Research highlights how bacteria produce energy
... alternative fuels like ethanol and even boost the output
of existing oil wells, according to research being...e able to achieve a 10-fold increase in electrical output
by allowing the bacteria in microbial fuel cells to grow on biofilms on the electrodes of a fuel cel...
Salk research suggests the existence of specialized neurons that distinguish swagger from sway
...jects to increase the sensitivity and optimize the output
of individual neurons. "In the past, when adaptation in behavior was observed for specific features, neurophysiologists have subsequently been able to find individual neurons which fire only when they encounter this feature," says Jordan. "We think ...
JCI table of contents, June 1, 2006
...ity that allows them to maintain necessary cardiac output
under conditions of physiologic stress. However, hypertrophy has recently been recognized as a risk factor for increased mortality. As the athlete and soon-to be mother's hearts to do not progress to heart failure, researchers have long been interest...
Multi-million dollar machines promise bright future for medical research
... these promises a significant increase in research output
in Australia. It also opens up new possibilities for experimental design and the generation of novel results. We hope it will foster co-operation and collaboration among doctors and scientists to provide positive outcomes that will ultimately benefit...
Long-term changes in experience cause neurons to sprout new long-lasting connections
...drites are the input side of neurons and axons the output
side. Spines stipple the surface of dendrites, like twigs from a branch, and form the receiving ends of synapses, which are the junctions between neurons where neurotransmitters are released. The researchers induced a long-term change in the sensory ...
Viagra improves high altitude exercise performance up to 45% for some
...f one ventricle of the heart per beat) and cardiac output
(stroke volume times heart rate) compared to the p...ficant 1%. The study, "Sildenafil improves cardiac output
and exercise performance during acute hypoxia but not normoxia," by Andrew R. Hsu, Kimberly E. Barnh...
ACS Weekly PressPac -- June 26, 2006
.... Demand has put suppliers under pressure to raise output
at a time when their own costs are rising and high growth sometimes does not mean higher profits. One aspect of the squeeze involves shortages of key materials, such as indium, a metal essential for making indium tin oxide, one of the first layers...
Heart has enough oxygen to survive hypothermia, CPR crucial
...ms with low blood pressure, low pulse, low cardiac output
(the volume of blood the heart can pump per minute...taneously normalized their blood pressure, cardiac output
and heart rate after they were rewarmed, Tveita noted. However, the rats in the five-hour group, whi...
Engineer designs system to put wastewater to work
...uel cell in the last year have increased the power output
by a factor of 10 and future designs, already in t...ds of the researchers, hope to multiple that power output
by 10 times again. If that goal can be achieved, the fuel cell could be scaled up for use in food a...
Scientists discuss new frontiers in single-molecule research at American Chemical Society
... is reality. It is literally possible to study the output
of a single enzyme at atomic-level resolution." In 1993, Block and his colleagues were the first to observe the movement of an individual molecule of kinesin, a tiny protein that carries chromosomes, neurotransmitters and other vital cargo along mi...
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