Tag: "outside" at biology news

NIH awards new $14.5 million, five-year grant to the Scripps Research Institute

...ping off the portion of the protein that is on the outside of the cell membrane and solving it as one would any soluble protein. But the problem with this is that it ignores what happens inside the membrane -- where some of the most important biological action is. The difficulty with solving membrane prote...

DNA sequence controls expression of gene involved in cancer

...nvestigators identified a region of 30 nucleotides outside the ARE that destabilizes bcl-2 mRNA both in the absence and in the presence of the ARE. Because the region is composed mostly of cytosine and adenine repeats, they named it the CA-repeated Region (CAR). The discovery of a new region on the bcl-2 ge...

Columbia University scientist wins 2004 Nobel Prize

... because neurons directly connect the brain to the outside world. In the nose, receptors on the neurons pick up odors from the environment and send that information directly to the olfactory bulb, the first relay station in the brain. Drs. Axel and Buck determined how neurons converge in the olfactory bulb...

Stanford cooling tool may improve performance of athletes, soldiers

...the body from the inside out, rather than from the outside in, which is the conventional method," explains Senior Research Scientist Dennis Grahn, who developed the cooling device with H. Craig Heller, the Lorry I. Lokey/Business Wire Professor in Human Biology and Environmental Biology. The device works b...

Pine cones lead to a fundamental change in clothing

...re and automatically open up, so that air from the outside can get through the material to cool the wearer. When the wearer stops sweating, the spikes will close down again to stop air getting in. The lower layer will be of material that is not porous so that rain can never get through from the outside, w...

Plants provide model for new shape-changing materials

...thward at lightening speed, it must sense what the outside forces and pressures are for its trajectory. Similarly, for an aircraft wing, engineers would need a material that's mechanically flexible. But the designers also need a material with a surface that's controlled by sensors and electrical conductors ...

Intelligent clothing inspired by pine cones

...re and automatically open up, so that air from the outside can get through the material to cool the wearer. When the wearer stops sweating, the spikes will close down again to stop air getting in. The lower layer will be of material that is not porous so that rain can never get through from the outside, whet...

NIH funds first nationaL SNP genotyping center at Broad Institute

...g on the technology platform used and the needs of outside users. The cost for genotyping will be on the order of pennies per genotype, varying according to the technology platform used. Two decades ago, the cost was $10 per genotype, and prices are expected to drop further as technology improves. A port...

U-M scientists see ubiquitin-modified proteins in living cells

...o hollow spheres called lysosomes in the cytoplasm outside the nucleus. Filled with digestive enzymes, lysosomes break down unwanted proteins into amino acids the cell recycles to make new proteins. "Jun's function in the nucleus is transient and time-dependent," Kerppola says. "If it's turned on and...

Is more better: Counting birds may only tell part of the story

...these results, Bock and Jones suggest that studies outside Europe and North America, in areas such as the tropics, are needed to provide more insight into the patterns observed in this study. Overall, "birds are usually able to aggregate in the higher quality breeding locations, regardless of the type...

Society for Psychophysiology Research

...ed by Lou Gehrig's disease to communicate with the outside world. The disease, also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, slowly robs patients of all motor control while leaving their minds intact. Patients often end up "locked in" to their bodies, a nightmarish state in which they are unable to con...

US Agency for International Development awards $34 million to Virginia Tech

... discovery, organization, and dissemination in and outside the classroom," said De Datta. "We will complement and reinforce the strengths of our development partners who depend upon this knowledge: host country institutional partners, the NGO community and private sector, the donor community, and our researc...

World's top theoretical physicists converge to consider 'future of physics'

...trance to a lawn with a meandering path connecting outside the old and new wings. Another interaction space ...a Venetian staircase. The staircase parallels the outside exterior wall, thereby enabling a balcony above and a first-floor exit in a large semicircularshaped...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2004

...warm air through a structure can struggle when the outside temperature is low and the pump's compressor and outdoor coil motor are affected by the cold. The ORNL-developed frostless heat pump uses a device that enables it to produce warmer air faster and for longer periods while minimizing the defrosting cyc...

Study using robotic microscope shows how mutant Huntington's protein affects neurons

... huntingtin protein spread throughout the neurons, outside of inclusion bodies. They found that neurons with larger amounts of mutant huntingtin spread throughout the cell died more rapidly than cells with less of this protein. The amount of mutated protein decreased in other parts of the cell when inclusio...

Scientists identify new cause of obesity

...in the tail-like strip of the protein that extends outside of the neuron, called the N-terminal domain. This small part of the protein is not involved in the much-studied brain signaling that controls appetite. Rather it maintains the protein's intrinsic activity. The effort to tease apart the network of sig...

Biomedical engineers at case develop first sliver-sized sensor to monitor glucose levels

...lso thought that color can be seen better from the outside if the sliver is not too deep, and if it gets distorted by the skin this can be corrected by using a white spot inside the sensor that does not change color," Gratzl said. The sensor, which is one to two millimeters long and 100 to 200 micrometers w...

Are yeast cells bringing us a step closer in treating obesity?

...cell membrane. These proteins receive signals from outside the cell by binding themselves with particular substances (such as hormones), which then produces a reaction by the cell to regulate processes internal or external to the cell. A number of medicines play on this cellular operation to produce benefici...

Farmers don't need a new superstar toxin to fight bugs

...otectants also use a buffer, or refuge, around the outside of fields that contains plants lacking the high-toxicity genetic modification in the main field that kills most insects. The refuge, usually about 20 percent of the acreage planted, delays development of insects resistant to the main-field, high-toxi...

Bug's-eye-view of urinary tract reveals E.coli infection genes

...tered there, and how they differed from conditions outside a living animal. "Now that we know the active virulence factors in the animal host and the specific proteins expressed on E. coli's outer membrane during infection, researchers will have specific targets for the development of vaccines or therapeutic...

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(Date:11/3/2014)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of a ... to their offering. This report describes ... started to play an important role in the practice of ... bone marrow transplants. Role of cells in drug discovery is ... of medical practice. Stem cells are discussed in ...
(Date:11/3/2014)... , Nov. 3, 2014  NeuroSigma ® ... -based life sciences company focused on commercialization of ... for the treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric ... Industrial Property has issued a Notice of Allowance ... application is co-owned by NeuroSigma and the Regents ...
(Date:11/2/2014)... , James Dacey explores the ways in which physicists ... innovations from the lab into the commercial market. , ... companies as they move from prototype to product is ... physics-based inventions are usually far from market-ready when initially ... lot more complicated than had been originally thought. , ...
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