Tag: "pandemic" at biology news

Developing a more effective vaccine for tuberculosis

...opment of new vaccines to control the tuberculosis pandemic is discussed in more detail in the accompanying commentary by W. Henry Boom from Case Western Reserve University....

JCI table of contents: August 1, 2007

...opment of new vaccines to control the tuberculosis pandemic is discussed in more detail in the accompanying commentary by W. Henry Boom from Case Western Reserve University. TITLE: Enhanced priming of adaptive immunity by a proapoptotic mutant of Mycobacterium tuberculosis AUTHOR CONTACT: Steven A. Porcel...

Detecting transmissibility of avian influenza virus in human households

...n-to-human transmission that is a prerequisite for pandemic spread. In this paper, a method is developed of analyzing the extent of direct human-to-human transmission in a previous outbreak of a highly pathogenic H7N7 avian influenza virus in the Netherlands. There is evidence to show that secondary human-to-...

Universal flu vaccine being tested on humans

...f the virus that causes human influenza, including pandemic strains. Flu Influenza is an acute infection ...e symptoms and a higher mortality rate. During the pandemic caused by the Spanish flu in 1918-1919, the number of deaths worldwide even rose to over 50 million....

Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic

...nce, provide a better understanding of this modern pandemic infection through the study of an ancient virus called Pan troglodytes endogenous retrovirus, or PtERV1. "This ancient virus is a battle that humans have already won. Humans are not susceptible to it and have probably been resistant throughout mille...

Avian influenza survivors' antibodies effective at neutralising H5N1 strain

...ample of blood. "We can't say for certain that a pandemic influenza virus will resemble the H5N1 strain that we have been studying or that the monoclonal antibodies generated using our technique will be able to tackle such a virus," says Professor Lanzavecchia. "Nevertheless, we are encouraged by the broad ...

Computer model maps efficient inoculation of hospital staff in pandemic outbreak

...urses will be in short supply if or when an actual pandemic hits," explains Dr. Hupert. Large hospitals, especially, face the challenge of inoculating tens of thousands of employees within one or two days amid stressful conditions and potentially extreme and unpredictable demands regarding patient-care, the...

Getting to the core of an emergent public health threat

...iety of diseases, including the looming specter of pandemic flu. Hogue and her Biodesign Institute colleagues have produced several insights into coronavirus biology that may also help pinpoint future weaknesses in the viral armament. In a recent paper published in the Journal of Virology (March 2007), "Mo...

WHO data confirms low level of resistance to Tamiflu

...lopment of anti-viral resistance is of concern for pandemic planning and preparedness. However, to date, there...stigation. Roches efforts to support government pandemic stockpiling Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) reconfirmed the need for world government...

Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water

...hat what we put into our environment has potential pandemic effects on pregnancy outcome and possibly on child development is a momentous observation, which hopefully will help transform the way humanity cares for its world," said James Lemons, M.D., Hugh McK. Landon Professor of Pediatrics at the IU School o...

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researchers awarded $27M for TB research

...undations worldwide refocus their attention on the pandemic caused by this age-old pathogen. This will allow progress to be made in preventing and treating TB. We are fortunate in Northeastern Ohio and at Case to have one of the oldest and internationally know centers for TB research and thus be able to con...

Peramivir protects mice from lethal H5N1 infection

...might offer humans significant protection during a pandemic of the avian influenza virus H5N1, according to results of mouse studies conducted by investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Peramivir, an antiviral drug, blocks the ability of influenza viruses to use an enzyme called neuraminid...

'Supermap' of avian flu yields new info on source/spread

...ump more nimbly between species, and experts say a pandemic would be disastrous. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 15 to 35 percent of the human population in the United States could become infected at a cost ranging from $71 billion to $166 billion. According to the World Healt...

Researchers create interactive map with Google technology to track avian flu spread

...nters for Disease Control in Atlanta, an avian flu pandemic could infect 15 percent to 35 percent of the United States population and cost well over $100 billion....

Blame the brain for high blood pressure

...h 600 million people affected world wide, it is of pandemic proportions. The alarming statistic that nearly 60 per cent of patients remain hypertensive, even though they are taking drugs to alleviate the condition, emphasises the urgency of looking for new mechanisms by which the body controls blood pressure,...

Rhesus macaque genome may hold clues for human health and evolution

...ue's immune-system response to an infection of the pandemic influenza virus, for example, which may help us understand why the virus makes the immune system overreact and harm the infected host. Another UW faculty member, genome scientist Dr. Evan Eichler, was also involved in the sequence analysis effort....

DNA sequence of Rhesus macaque has evolutionary, medical implications

...se that look at the virulence and pathogenicity of pandemic strains of the influenza virus," said Dr. George Weinstock, co-director of the BCM Center. "For example, a complete description of all the different macaque immune function components will enable an even more thoughtful use of rhesus macaques in ...

NIH establishes Center of Excellence for influenza research at Mount Sinai

... and possibly help reduce the risk for a potential pandemic and illness. The six Centers of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance awards include: St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital (Memphis), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), University of Minnesota (Minneapolis), Emory Univers...

UC Davis wins new national center for avian flu research

...e ability to move quickly betweenhumans, giving it pandemic potential, and knowing how to fight itwith preventive vaccines and antiviral drugs. UC Davis' chief role in the new surveillance and research center willbe to coordinate the collection and testing of tens of thousands ofsamples from wildlife, espec...

U OF M awarded $22.5 million NIH contract to study avian influenza

...ntify and characterize influenza viruses that have pandemic potential by monitoring domestic and international...time of increasing concern over the possibility of pandemic flu. The MCEIRS will perform animal flu surveillance in eight countries and multiple states. Domest...

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(Date:8/27/2014)... new skill is easier when it is related to ... pianist might learn a new melody more easily than ... engineers from the Center for the Neural Basis of ... and Carnegie Mellon Universityhave discovered a fundamental constraint in ... as the cover story in the Aug. 28, 2014, ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... species frequently found in forests has created a thriving ... toads, a new University of Georgia study has found. ... U.S. in the early 1900s, is one of the ... than a dozen states in the past century, particularly ... forests, it can survive in widely diverse ecosystems and ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... DURHAM, N.C. -- When we want to listen carefully ... talking. The second thing we do is stop moving ... unwanted sounds generated by our own movements. , This ... deep in the brain. Indeed, indirect evidence has long ... somehow influences the auditory cortex, which gives rise to ...
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