Tag: "particularly" at biology news

Europe's fishermen should have marine 'stewardship' role, says study

...come the balanced approach evident in the FEP, and particularly the central attention given to the importance of stakeholder involvement. This accords with the experiences of the best fisheries management schemes around the world where stakeholders need to be at the centre of the decision-making process." Profess...

Cigarette smoking exacerbates alcohol-induced brain damage

... alcohol dependence can damage alcoholics' brains, particularly the frontal lobes, which are critically involved i...or anticipating the consequences of their actions, particularly with increasing age," he said. Cigarette smoking, independent of alcohol consumption, was also found...

Alcoholism and excessive food intake may share chemical pathways in the brain

...ses to alcohol, the role of neuropeptide pathways, particularly those that have been shown to be involved with fee...ncrease the levels of galanin in the hypothalamus, particularly a region called the paraventricular nucleus. In other words, galanin stimulates alcohol intake, whi...

Three Yale scientists receive Ellison Medical Foundation awards

...eases of global health importance. The Foundation particularly wishes to stimulate new, creative research that might not be funded by traditional sources or that is often under-funded in the U.S."...

JCI table of contents, December 15 2004

...more dangerous strains that may be associated with particularly invasive disease. In the December 15 issue of the ...hypervirulent clones or "superbugs" assocated with particularly invasive forms of disease, Melles et al. examined isolates from individuals with bacteriemia, deep-s...

Desires for fatty foods and alcohol share a chemical trigger

... previously been shown to play a role in appetite, particularly for fatty foods. Consumption of fat causes a part of the brain called the hypothalamus to produce more galanin, which, in turn, increases the appetite for fat. In a healthy person, however, there are counteracting signals that break this loop, said H...

Leibniz prizewinners 2005

...cts researchers who, above all, can be expected to particularly advance their scientific achievement with this additional boost in funding. This year's prizewinners again include a number of younger scientists. Today's decision brings the total number of prizes awarded under the Leibniz Programme to 228. Of thes...

Return of the Staphylococcus aureus 'superbug'

...more dangerous strains that may be associated with particularly invasive disease. In the December 15 issue of the ...hypervirulent clones or "superbugs" assocated with particularly invasive forms of disease, Melles et al. examined isolates from individuals with bacteriemia, deep-s...

Latest census finds more American pika populations disappear as climate warms

...research results suggested that American pikas are particularly vulnerable to global warming because they reside in areas with cool, relatively moist climates and are unable to survive even six hours in temperatures as low as 77 degrees Fahrenheit when not allowed to behaviorally thermoregulate. As temperatures r...

Discovery of first demethylase molecule, a long-sought gene regulator

...ene activity or represses it. Some histone tags, particularly acetyl groups, are known to be easily added and removed, helping genes to flick on and off when needed. But the addition of methyl groups was considered a one-way process that could only be reversed by the destruction of histones and their replacemen...

DFG loosens eligibility requirements for the Emmy Noether Programme

...ecturer positions in computer science by providing particularly qualified young computer scientists with an attractive route to attaining academic independence soon after finishing their doctorate. The Steering Committee and reviewers have confirmed the programme's success. Three leaders of Independent Junior Res...

Alfred Sommer awarded prestigious Pollin Prize

... morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases, particularly measles and diarrhea. He also discovered that vitamin A supplementation in children in the developing world reduced measles fatalities by 50 percent and overall childhood mortality by one-third. Despite widespread criticism of his discoveries from th...

Weizmann Insitute scientists show how proteins beat the evolutionary stakes

...iginally evolved, changed hardly at all. "This is particularly surprising when you consider that all of these activities take place at the exact same site on the enzyme," says Tawfik. This phenomenon makes sense when viewed in evolutionary terms. "Two contradictory things are necessary for the survival of o...

Hospital epidemiologists trace outbreak of organism to commonly used wound care equipment

...s are not effective for treating these infections, particularly among vulnerable groups of sick and elderly patients," Perl noted. "To solve the problem, we are increasingly forced to rely on our basic tools of scientific investigation: finding the initial contact point, or source, of infection and putting in pla...

NJIT professor discovers new mixing method for microchip-sized labs

... such as nanotechnology and biomedicine makes it a particularly exciting field." ...

New technique for tracking gene regulators

...nes in humans, so scientists know it is important, particularly in regulating celldifferentiation, survival, and the function of nerve cells. But there has been no easy way to screen the entire genome. "We are the first to do a genome-wide survey," says Dunn. The problem has been the sheer magnitude of informatio...

Evidence that human brain evolution was a special event

... and more complex brains appears to have carried a particularly large advantage, much more so than for other mamma...ring the overall trend that brain-related genes -- particularly those involved in brain development -- evolved significantly faster in the human lineage, the study ...

New signaling step for key player in Crohn's Disease

...usceptibility gene. Understanding NOD2 has posed a particularly intriguing challenge for researchers because it appears able to somehow both activate and inhibit inflammatory cytokine responses in the cell. The work is reported by Lewis Cantley and colleagues at Harvard Medical School. Crohn's Disease is an autoi...

University of Chicago researchers discovered that humans are a 'privileged' evolutionary lineage

...e leading to humans. For ASPM, the acceleration is particularly prominent in recent human evolution after humans parted way from chimpanzees. By contrast, the researchers' analyses of ASPM and Microcephalin in the more primitive monkeys and in cows, sheep, cats, dogs, mice and rats, showed no evidence of accelera...

Growth of common skin cancer blocked in gene-switch mice

...f residual tumor cells and tumor recurrence may be particularly important given the current efforts to develop Hh pathway inhibitors as a means of combating human BCCs as well as other cancers. In contrast to other cancer models where inhibition of Hh signaling leads to durable tumor regression, Dr. Dlugosz's ne...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014 Biological membranes are mainly composed of lipid ... solution ions onto lipid membranes helps clarify functional ... provides a quantitative description of the equilibria between ... and Zbigniew Figaszewski from the University of Bialystok, ... these findings, just published in EPJ E ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... In the largest study of its kind to date, ... genes that heighten the risk for autism. Joseph Buxbaum, ... York City, Mark Daly, Ph.D., Broad Institute of Harvard ... DNA samples from affected children, parents and unrelated people. ... to contribute to the risk for autism spectrum disorder ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... but they also need protection from its harmful rays, just ... in plants that shields them from sun damage. Now, in ... Society , one team reports on the mechanics of how ... at Purdue University note that the harsh ultraviolet radiation plants ... DNA and, as a result, hinder plant growth. Biochemical ...
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