Tag: "people" at biology news
Marijuana component opens the door for virus that causes Kaposi's sarcoma
...en coax these cells into malignancy. While most people
are not at risk from Kaposis sarcoma herpes virus (KSHV), researchers say those with lowered immune systems, such as AIDS patients or transplant recipients, are more susceptible to developing the sarcoma as a result of infection. Their findings, rep...
Altering a protein makes mice less fearful
...f action and other types of side effects that make people
not want to take them," Wemmie explained. "If we could find something that was more specific, or even had a different set of side effects, that could be an advantage." Although this study examined the effect of disrupting the ion channel in mice, t...
Taming the anthrax threat
... edition of Infection and Immunity. Drugs given to people
within a day of exposure, before symptoms develop,...hey cause death from septicemia in essentially all people
infected. Even with modern ICU support, the mortality rate for infections that progress to this stag...
Einstein researchers' prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
... of multi-drug resistant TB and growing numbers of people
with active TB due to coinfection with HIV, the advance could herald a needed breakthrough against one of the worlds leading killers. Their study appears in the August issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation. TB is caused by Mycobacterium t...
Handicapping tuberculosis may be the way to a better vaccine
...rganization estimates that approximately 2 billion people
worldwide are infected with TB, with over 95 percent of infections occurring in developing countries. Most TB is latent, but can become active when the immune system is weak, such as during HIV infection, and more than 1.6 million die each year from ...
Orangutans' communication resembles a game of 'charades'
... across, they rely on the same basic strategy that people
follow in playing the game of charades. Captive or... whether orangutans intentionally communicate with people
through gesturesa skill earlier attributed to chimpanzeesErica Cartmill and Richard Byrne presented ...
How a pain in the neck could be bad for your blood pressure
...ents might work and it could also explain why some people
suffering whiplash injuries may experience a change in their blood pressure. The work also contributes to understanding postural hypotension fainting which can be caused by standing up too fast. The neck muscles could be a part of the system whic...
Native fruits bear sweet antioxidants
...ralian native fruits have been eaten by indigenous people
for thousands of years, this is the first scientific study of the fruits as a source of antioxidants and confirms preliminary results published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry in 2006. This research supports CSIRO efforts to real...
New grants bolster efforts to generate faster and cheaper tools for DNA sequencing
...uence the genomes of hundreds or even thousands of people
as part of studies to identify genes that contribute to common, complex diseases. Ultimately, NHGRIs vision is to cut the cost of whole-genome sequencing to $1,000 or less, which will enable the sequencing of individual genomes as part of routine med...
Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells
...ular mutation they study is carried by millions of people
in Southeast Asia and is a major a cause of fetal loss and disease in adults. Specifically in this study they show how far the ribosome has to read into the RNA to trigger destabilization of the protein. Several surveillance pathways have been iden...
Aggressive therapy best for certain AML patients
...given aggressive therapy. The findings apply to people
with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) whose cancer cel...efits patients with the mutation. It evaluated 238 people
aged 18 to 59 with AML and normal-looking chromosomes. Of these, 24 (10 percent) had the MLL-PTD mut...
Particle emissions from laser printers might pose health concern
...particles of toner-like material into the air that people
can inhale deep into lungs where they may pose a h...rticles is needed. As a first step to lower risk, people
should ensure that rooms in offices or houses are well ventilated to allow airborne particles to dis...
New databases put wings on search for bipolar risk genes
... symptoms and course of disease on more than 5,000 people
with bipolar illness, a mood disorder commonly marked by alternating bouts of depression and manic or overexcited behavior. Because DNA samples also are available for this group, the database will let researchers correlate specific symptoms with se...
Reading a face is tricky business
... The effect can alter perception and the way other people
are treated or judged, the study concludes. Eve...ger influences on social evaluation. Although people
can do their best to avoid situations that they perceive as threatening, their brains may still be h...
High rates of HIV infection documented among young Nepalese girls sex-trafficked to India
...this young age. Approximately 600,000 to 800,000 people
are trafficked across the globe every year, and 80 percent of these individuals are estimated to be women and girls, according to the U.S. Department of State. The State Department further reports that the majority of transnational victims are female...
UF to lead research on life-threatening fungus
... these organisms get aerosolized." The number of people
contracting Aspergillus infections jumpedenormously in the 1990s, Wingard said, and those with weakened immune systems are particularly susceptible. Aspergillosis is the leading cause of death from infection in bone marrow transplant and leukemia pat...
Fish eyes could hold clue to repairing damaged retinas in humans
...ave studied these Mller glial cells in the eyes of people
from 18 months to 91 years of age. In research fun...ey already automatically repair the retina in some people
but not in others. It is possible that internal mechanisms exist in the normal adult retina that pre...
Chickens dieting to help Delaware waterways
...te in poultry nutrition. There are a lot of good people
working in poultry to address the phosphorus issue, Saylor said. Our poultry industry in Delaware is basically surrounded by water, and because of its size and concentration, environmental issues are of great concern, he said. Phytase is definitely...
Stem cell therapy rescues motor neurons in ALS model
... treatments for ALS, which afflicts roughly 40,000 people
in the United States and which is almost always fatal within three to five years of diagnosis. Patients gradually experience progressive muscle weakness and paralysis as the motor neurons that control muscles are destroyed by the disease. The cause o...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 25, 2007
...ain metabolites compounds formed in the bodies of people
exposed to diesel exhaust should appear in the urine. One of those compounds is known by the acronym 1-NP and its metabolites are OHNAAPs and OHNPs. This is the first study to demonstrate that the 1-NP metabolites, OHNAAPs and OHNPs, are excreted ...
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