Tag: "potential" at biology news

Study shows stem cells can preserve vision

...ated mice. "These findings hold great promise for potential treatments for people suffering from macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and other retinal diseases," says Michael Young, PhD, an assistant scientist at Schepens Eye Research Institute and the lead author of the study. The retina is a tissue-t...

A 'repulsive' protein guides blood vessel development

...ning to occur. "That work set us looking for other potential mechanisms by which semaphorins might control vascular pattern development," said Ginty. The researchers found Sema3E in regions of the developing embryo that suggested that it should have a role in the patterning of blood vessels. They also found a ...

Tiny plant a model for commercially important trees

...f the identified wood transcription factors showed potential as a regulator of xylem development. Xylem is the...ulating this gene and others we have identified as potential regulators of wood formation, we will have a better understanding of how plants produce this valuabl...

University of South Florida designated Center of Excellence by Huntington's Disease Society

...am. It sets us up to offer more clinical trials of potential new therapies that may slow progression of the disease." USF joins a select group of 21 HDSA Centers of Excellence across the country, including those at Johns Hopkins, Harvard/MGH, the University of Virginia, Emory and Baylor. "The Huntingto...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...51,000 compounds to narrow the field down to 3,460 potential I7L inhibitors. Additional testing identified a group of chemically related compounds, one of which was TTP-6171, that appear to block replication of orthopoxviruses by inhibiting I7L without being toxic to human cells. "Based on the results reporte...

NASA satellite data to aid global conservation

...es is equitable and ecologically sustainable. "The potential for the beneficial use of this information in the area of the environment and conservation is enormous," said IUCN Director General Achim Steiner. "Yet until now, it has remained largely untapped, particularly in the developing world," he added. Adva...

Antipsychotic drugs stop fatal viral infection in brain cells

...y that there are many other drugs with none of the potential side effects of antipsychotic drugs that will also block infection," said co-author Bryan Roth, professor of biochemistry at the Case School of Medicine and director of the National Institute of Mental Health's Psychoactive Drug Screening Program. At...

Novel biotoxin being studied for use in opioid withdrawal

...n dependence and for opiate abuse, and this is one potential new approach, directed at modifying the physical dependence that occurs with repeated use of drugs like heroin," said Dr. Edward Sellers President and CEO of Ventana Clinical Research Corporation. Dr. Sellers is the lead investigator on the study, an...

Plant pathologists offer soybean rust identification and management tips

...growers to educate them on disease identification, potential yield loss, and costs associated with managing the disease. Plant pathologists do not expect soybean rust to affect all soybean growing areas next year. "Growers should not assume that every soybean field will be in danger," said Jardine. "Based on ...

Invasive sea squirt alive and well on Georges Bank

...uise to determine if the tunicate invasion has the potential to alter seabed communities that sustain commercial fish species. Tunicate fragments were also found in the stomachs of haddock and winter flounder collected in the area, but did not appear to be digested. Samples of the tunicate will be evaluated ...

New protein structure may aid in design of therapeutics for autoimmune disease

...ng." Dr. Somers believes his results have the potential to aid in identifying selective inhibitors of kina... of the catalytic activity of PKCΘ for use as potential therapeutics," says Dr. Somers. "Modulation of PKCΘ kinase activity presents an ideal therapeut...

Studies suggest promising new directions for gallstone treatment

... to CGD." Also promising, said Mangelsdorf, is the potential for such a drug to prevent pancreatic inflammation and "microlithiasis" in people who have had their gallbladders removed because of gallstones. In this disorder, a sludge of cholesterol-supersaturated bile inflames the bile duct because of its abnor...

HIV research project scoops innovation prize

...us before it attaches itself to the cell and are a potential new form of treatment for HIV," said Dr Dobson. "In the first nine months of the research we have developed compounds 10 times stronger than the original chemicals we tested on the virus and have already filed three patent applications. "We are now l...

Livestock grazing study finds moderate grazing beneficial to Great Basin plant communities

...to livestock. Perryman said that the study has the potential to help resolve the sometimes bitter debate betwee...r, for example, as well as more cheatgrass and the potential for more range fires." Cheatgrass is a highly flammable invasive weed. In areas dominated by cheatgr...

Genetic discovery paves way to decode sense of smell in mammals

...s essential for animals to detect food sources and potential toxins and to identify suitable mates. The sensory ability depends initially on olfactory nerve cells in the lining of the nose. Scientists first identified olfactory receptors in mammals 10 years ago a discovery that won the 2004 Nobel Prize ...

A new species of amyloid peptide

...ger species of amyloid β-peptide that has the potential to be a new target for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The research appears as the "Paper of the Week" in the December 3 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry , an American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology journal. One of ...

'Lighter than air' breathing more than doubles COPD patients' exercise endurance

...ote that "further studies are needed to verify the potential role of heliox supplementation during exercise rehabilitation programs in COPD patients." ...

Columbia researchers identify drug as therapeutic candidate for spinal muscular atrophy

...s with SMA. However, researchers uncovered the potential for indoprofen to increase the amount of Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) protein, the specific protein deficient in SMA patients. The results come from testing more than 47,000 compounds using a high-throughput chemical genetics approach. The data were s...

Finding could improve safety of stem cell transplants

...lls that has scientists worldwide exploring their potential to treat devastating diseases, their pluripotency can also be harmful if uncontrolled, says Dr. Bieberich. Drs. Bieberich and Condie demonstrated in the Aug. 4, 2003 issue of The Journal of Cell Biology that a natural process occurs during devel...

MBL scientists embark on international effort to uncover microbial diversity in world's oceans

...pect to eventually support pilot projects with the potential to shape larger-scale research initiatives in marine microbial diversity. Their hope is that these projects will generate additional support from governmental agencies and private foundations. "The scope of ICoMM's activities by 2010 will be propor...

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(Date:7/23/2014)... are packed with healthful compounds, and now lab tests ... as prescription anti-diabetic medication, scientists report. In their new ... Food Chemistry , they found that how the herbs ... which compounds contribute the most to this promising trait. ... that in 2012, type-2 diabetes affected more than 8 ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... Basement membrane degradation and blood-brain barrier damage ... and brain functioning. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 is able ... basement membrane around cerebral blood vessels and ... Huilian Hou and colleagues from the First ... Jiaotong University, China induced cerebral infarction in ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... hippocampal region of the brain is important ... However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Dr. ... China monitored the activity of hippocampal neurons ... the mechanisms underlying the neuronal responses. Somatosensory ... changed local field potentials into theta rhythm-dominated ...
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