Tag: "pregnancy" at biology news
Offspring at risk from maternal occupational exposure to solvents
...ies. "Reducing exposure to organic solvents during pregnancy
is warranted until a more refined risk assessment ...sure to specific solvents, as well the time during pregnancy
of exposure." The study looked at 32 women who were exposed to organic solvents in the workplace for...
September/October 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...rter of the year but spring (when the diagnoses of pregnancy
and coronary artery disease are significantly lower) could be used to understand the diagnoses frequently seen within a PBRN. The authors point out that their findings are good news for PBRNs because the ability to collect data at fewer points in tim...
Why do African-American women have more pregnancy problems?
... in infancy. Yet researchers know little about why pregnancy
and infant health differ by race, despite massive ...nted prenatal care has minimal impact on improving pregnancy
outcomes. The new project will look at whether more comprehensive and coordinated prenatal care stra...
International human genome sequencing consortium describes finished human genome sequence
...ns) that may be involved in the extended period of pregnancy
unique to humans. Additionally, researchers used the finished human genome to identify and characterize 33 nearly intact genes that have recently acquired one or more mutations, causing them to stop functioning, or "die." Scientists pinpointed these ...
Babies born after surgery on eggs
...n for whom IVF and ICSI had failed, it boosted the pregnancy
rate per cycle from 6 to 35 per cent, Tzeng told a meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine in Philadelphia this week. Mitochondria are unusual because they contain their own DNA, and Tzeng thinks the method works by replacing those ...
Early life stress harms mental function and immune system in later years
...her new research is uncovering how stresses during pregnancy
and early life can affect learning and memory, as ...howed in rats that stress during the last third of pregnancy
affects the ability of adult offspring to respond to challenges to their immune system. Heather Rich...
UCSD biologists discover chemical important in guiding visual system development
... Wang, a postdoctoral fellow. "Drugs taken during pregnancy
to control epilepsy may have effects similar to adenosine in the developing fetus. The visual problems and other developmental defects characteristic of fetal anti-convulsant syndrome could result from these drugs interfering with the spontaneous ac...
Bristol scientists find key to unlock body's own cancer defence
... wound healing, the development of the placenta in pregnancy
and of muscles during physical training programmes. However, it is thought that adults can live healthily without blood vessel growth for extended periods of time. This blood vessel growth is controlled by many factors, but VEGF is the most powerful ...
New bulls may revive the Texas state Bison Herd
...easing in size." While sampling the DNA and doing pregnancy
tests in the fall of 2001, Derr and Halbert found that 15 of the 18 adult females were pregnant. However, by spring, when the females were due to calve, only one calf survived. The rest were either not born or did not survive long after birth. Disea...
Low-carb diet during pregnancy improved triglycerides, fat metabolism in offspring
... devoted to this topic. Though low-carbing during pregnancy
has not been extensively researched, a new study p...nd low in carbohydrates (low-carb/high-fat) during pregnancy
and lactation were likely to have lower liver triglyceride levels in adulthood than pups born to mic...
Fussy Baby Network answers cries for help in community
... Pediatrics, a study shows smoking during or after pregnancy
could be a trigger. Some doctors believe it's a matter of temperament--some babies take a bit longer to get adjusted to the world. But for most babies, there is no known medical or developmental cause. Besides the University of Chicago...
Protein in urine may warn of preeclampsia risk in pregnant women
...toxemia, typically develops after the 20th week of pregnancy
and is characterized by high blood pressure, edema and protein in the urine. However, in severe cases -- and without warning -- it can rapidly escalate to eclampsia, a condition in which a massive rise in blood pressure causes the mother to suffer a ...
Development of portable infectious disease detector
A portable device similar to today's home pregnancy
tests that can quickly detect the presence of infectious diseases, including HIV-AIDS and measles, as well as biological agents such as ricin and anthrax, is the object of a new joint university/industry research project. Vanderbilt University's Inst...
First birth using PGD to save baby from rhesus blood disease
...t this is the first reported case of an unaffected pregnancy
using PGD to prevent Rh disease. In Caucasian popu...se the antibodies the mother made during her first pregnancy
may cross the placenta to her unborn child. The result can be haemolytic disease of the fetus or new...
The Cochrane Library Newsletter, 2005, Issue 1
...re frequent side-effects, it can't be taken during pregnancy
and there is no convenient way of giving it to children. In addition, mass use tends to trigger populations of rifampin-resistant bacteria. The Cochrane authors found that ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone are as effective as rifampin for er...
Report assesses health implications of perchlorate ingestion
... concentrations up to 120 parts per billion during pregnancy
and changes in thyroid hormone production in normal-birth weight, full-term newborn infants. The evidence is insufficient to determine whether or not there is an association between perchlorate exposure and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in chi...
MRI 'excellent choice' for overcoming challenges of diagnosing pregnant women with abdominal pain
...associated diseases, but conditions more common in pregnancy
and conditions unique to pregnancy," said Richard C. Semelka, MD, one of the authors of the study. According to the study, CT is normally used for diagnosing abdominal pain, but a considerable dose of radiation is conferred to the fetus and can incre...
PET/MRI scans may help unravel mechanisms of prenatal drug damage
... transferred between a mother and her fetus during pregnancy
may help us unravel the mechanisms of the drug's damaging effects on unborn children," said SNM member Helene Benveniste, M.D., Ph.D., chair of Brookhaven's medical department in Upton, N.Y., and lead author of the paper, "Maternal and Fetal 11C-Coca...
Physicians recommend screening for toxoplasmosis for all pregnant women, newborns
...isk mothers who have acquired the infection during pregnancy
and have had infants with congenital toxoplasmosis...hers couldn't recall an illness of any kind during pregnancy
or identify risk factors, including ingestion of undercooked meats and or exposure to cat litter. Th...
Ingestion of afterbirth appears to promote maternal behavior in mammals
... ingestion of afterbirth by a mother, a feature of pregnancy
in nearly all non-human mammals, not only relieves...vation in the central nervous system at the end of pregnancy
and during delivery -- that is, activity produced within the mammal, not introduced from without -- ...
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