Tag: "pregnancy" at biology news

First-of-its-kind Italian school study finds high levels of prenatal alcohol exposure

...ted out that a common problem of gathering data on pregnancy and drinking is that it is typically retrospective...d world," said May, "they know that drinking and pregnancy don't mix, so their responses tend to reflect a measure of guilt and you may obtain results that are...

Study shows prenatal diagnostic tests have low risk of miscarriage

...ostic screening methods that carry a small risk of pregnancy loss. Amniocentesis requires insertion of a hollo...CSF Medical Center from 1983 to 2003. Overall, the pregnancy loss rate for patients undergoing CVS was greater (3.12 percent) than that of amniocentesis (0.83 pe...

JCI table of contents: September 1, 2006

...ncluding cleft palate. Treating female mice during pregnancy with a statin (a drug that decreases the production of cholesterol) reduced the level of cholesterol precursors in the fetal mice and decreased the incidence of cleft palate. This study provides enormous insight into why certain gene defects cause di...

Carbon monoxide may help prevent debilitating pregnancy condition

... the fact that mothers who smoke cigarettes during pregnancy have a 33 per cent decreased risk of developing pr...wever that any perceived benefit of smoking during pregnancy is outweighed by the many risks: premature membrane rupture, preterm delivery, stillbirth, low birth...

UCLA study uncovers new risk factor for schizophrenia

...HLA-matching increases a woman's susceptibility to pregnancy complications, which in turn predispose her child to schizophrenia. This is one more piece in the puzzle of identifying genetic markers for the disease." The UCLA findings will enhance scientists' ability to detect genes that promote adverse prenata...

Molecules in blood foretell development of preeclampsia

...els also rose in the 33rd through the 36th week of pregnancy for women who later developed gestational hyperten...levels of both soluble endoglin and sFlt1 early in pregnancy might be especially helpful in predicting the later development of preeclampsia. Detecting high lev...

Researchers discover that sheep need retroviruses for reproduction

...occurring endogenous retroviruses are required for pregnancy in sheep. In particular, a class of endogenous r...or enJSRVs, are critical during the early phase of pregnancy when the placenta begins to develop. Retroviruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, are...

OHSU research demonstrates possible health risks for children born to overeating mothers

...Primate Research Center (ONPRC), overeating during pregnancy may have significant and numerous health impacts o...ing the negative impacts of a high-fat diet during pregnancy in a very good model for human obesity: the Japanese macaque." Specifically, in studying pregnant ...

JCI table of contents: September 14, 2006

... that affects female fertility Complications in pregnancy can arise because of both fetal deficiencies and maternal deficiencies. Previous studies in the Caron laboratory have shown that mouse embryos lacking both copies of the gene encoding a protein known as adrenomedullin (AM) die at embryonic day 14.5 (...

AM: A gene that affects female fertility

Complications in pregnancy can arise because of both fetal deficiencies and maternal deficiencies. Previous studies in the Caron laboratory have shown that mouse embryos lacking both copies of the gene encoding a protein known as adrenomedullin (AM) die at embryonic day 14.5 (...

Preeclampsia, fetal development problems may be linked to low levels of hormone

...ecreted by the uterus and embryos to problems with pregnancy and fetal development. The findings also sugges...maternal susceptibility to preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication that occurs in the third trimester. Preeclampsia affects roughly one in fifteen pregnan...

Planning ahead: Having the healthiest baby possible

Women who improve their own health before pregnancy have a better chance of delivering a robust, healt...ry about a pregnant woman's health only during her pregnancy or a child's health only after his or her birth, because many of the factors that contribute to the ...

Prenatal vitamins may reduce risk of brain tumors in children

Women who take multivitamins early in pregnancy may reduce the risk that their child will develop ...ake multivitamins that contain folic acid early in pregnancy to reduce their fetus's risk of developing a neural tube defect such as spina bifida. "This current ...

JCI table of contents: September 21, 2006

...s newborns breathe easy It is only very late in pregnancy that the lungs of the fetus complete their develop...ping fetus The formation of the placenta during pregnancy is a complex process that involves both fetal and maternal factors. As part of this process, cells o...

Calcineurin helps newborns breathe easy

It is only very late in pregnancy that the lungs of the fetus complete their development so that the fetus will be able to breathe air when it is born. As a result, many premature babies suffer from the potentially life threatening respiratory distress syndrome. The proteins that con...

Call for global action over continued huge burden of maternal deaths in poor countries

...haran Africa face a one in 16 risk of dying during pregnancy or childbirth, and in South Asia a one in 43 risk, compared with one in 30,000 in Sweden. Good maternal health is crucial to the welfare of the whole household. Preventing the death of a mother has critical impacts on the health of a child, and impro...

New angiogenesis finding may help fight cancer growth

...els form when wounds heal and during menstruation, pregnancy and fetal development. But impaired blood-vessel d...ly, and since adults need angiogenesis only during pregnancy and to heal wounds, blocking angiogenesis could be a promising way to halt tumor growth. Also in Jun...

Urgent and sustain action needed to prevent obstetric fistula

...ancet is calling for a devastating complication of pregnancy - obstetric fistula - to be moved up the list of international health care priorities. Obstetric vesicovaginal fistula is a preventable injury, in which an abnormal opening is formed connecting the vagina and bladder, resulting in continuous urin...

Mothers who gain weight between pregnancies may experience pregnancy complications

...tween pregnancies may lead to complications during pregnancy and the delivery period, according to a study publ...between maternal overweight or obesity and adverse pregnancy outcomes." The public health ramifications of this study are profound; especially considering the ...

Male contraceptive study expands to 4 US cities

... you can get sperm flowing again, the chances of a pregnancy go down about 10% for each year the man had the vasectomy. Only time will tell if it's the same for the IVD." John, a 25-year-old in Rhode Island, doesn't mind the uncertainty about reversibility. "My fiance and I agree that we don't want children....

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(Date:4/17/2014)... Current Biology on April 17 have discovered ... Brazilian insects, which represent four distinct but related species ... example of an animal with sex-reversed genitalia. , ... animals, Neotrogla is the only example in ... Yoshizawa from Hokkaido University in Japan. , During copulation, ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... the process whereby the genetic information of DNA ... proteins, which have numerous different functions in living ... intermediary during gene expression, by relating the genetic ... in manufacturing proteins. , By examining the ... in an organism at a given time, researchers ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... full of wild animals and plant life, but there,s ... churning away in the soil, decomposing organic matter and ... role these fungi play in ecological systems, their identities ... scientists has generated a genetic map of more than ... was published this week in the Proceedings of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):In sex-reversed cave insects, females have the penises 2Rapid and accurate mRNA detection in plant tissues 2Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 2Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 3
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