Tag: "pregnancy" at biology news
Tissue engineered from fetal skin cells could treat paediatric burns
...rom one 4cm2 donation of fetal skin. A woman whose pregnancy
was terminated at 14-weeks gave written informed consent for doctors to take a skin biopsy from her fetus. The authors note that several million skin constructs (9 x12cm) suitable for therapeutic use could be produced from the single organ donation. ...
Hide and seek: Researchers discover a new way for infectious bacteria to enter cells
...s, listeriosis can be fatal, and infections during pregnancy
can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, or infection of the newborn. The research was conducted by Pascale Cossart, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute international research scholar, and her colleague Esteban Veiga at the Institut Pa...
U-Iowa researchers will use grant to study fetal alcohol syndrome
...ts as alcohol. However, alcohol consumption during pregnancy
can overwhelm these protective measures and damage... human gestation. "The third trimester of a human pregnancy
is when the fetal brain growth spurt takes place, thus alcohol is particularly damaging in the brain...
New research shows no link between stress and chances of IVF success
...ly variable that was significantly associated with pregnancy
was the number of good quality embryos transferred,' said Dr Anderheim. Dr Anderheim said the good psychological well-being of the patients prior to treatment was somewhat unexpected and did not correspond with earlier clinical impressions. So, it wa...
Canadian-led study shows amnioinfusion does not reduce risk of meconium aspiration syndrome
...erial that fills the fetal intestinal tract during pregnancy
and is formed from ingested amniotic fluid and dead intestinal cells. Although it is sterile, inhaled meconium is highly irritating to the lung when the infant takes its first breaths. It can cause a partial or complete blockage of the baby's airwa...
Chernobyl: The true scale of the accident
...f any effect on the number of stillbirths, adverse pregnancy
outcomes, delivery complications or overall health of children. A modest but steady increase in reported congenital malformations in both contaminated and uncontaminated areas of Belarus appears related to better reporting, not radiation. Did the ...
New research shows folic acid in grains has reduced birth defects
... adequate daily folic acid intake beginning before pregnancy
can reduce the incidence of these tragic birth defects by up to 70 percent, and we should not settle for anything less than maximum prevention." Since 1996, the March of Dimes has recommended that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration set the level o...
4th MIM Pan-African Malaria Conference - Roll Back Malaria Partnership's Forum V Global Partners Meeting
...lenge and scientists find evidence that malaria in pregnancy
may facilitate fetal HIV transmission. Genetically engineered mosquitoes to control malaria: Is the transgenic mosquito ever going to fly? Scientists debate the risks and benefits. Sickle cell and malaria: Scientist probe why people with the ...
Israeli scientists successfully transplant frozen-thawed ovaries in sheep
...nsplant might interfere with natural conception so pregnancy
may require IVF techniques, but we have been able to demonstrate long-term intact organ cryopreservation with restored function following thawing and transplantation, in a large animal for around 36 months post-transplantation," said Dr Arav. "This a...
Key neural system at risk from fetal alcohol exposure
...s that there is no safe time to drink, even before pregnancy
Defect in gene causes 'neuralgic amyotrophy'
...uch as vaccination, infection, operation, and even pregnancy
or childbirth. By virtue of their genetic predisposition, carriers of the hereditary form of HNA run greater risk of having an attack. Its re-occurrence, and the fact that the disease is provoked by environmental factors, make this disorder unique in...
Study in Royal Society journal on first observation of giant squid in the wild
...rnation. Females store and nourish sperm, delaying pregnancy
until the spring. In the summer dominant male Daubenton's bats share better lowland habitat with nursing females. We show that this strategy enables the fittest males to father most of the offspring, probably by mating with females after their young ...
Pregnant women at higher risk for HIV, Uganda study finds
...n of this potential risk of HIV acquisition during pregnancy
and promote safe sex or sexual abstinence where fe...at reported a greater risk of acquiring HIV during pregnancy
than after delivery. However, neither study accounted for risk factors that contribute to HIV risk. ...
Joslin study sheds light on birth defect cause in pregnant women with diabetes
..., suggests that high blood glucose levels early in pregnancy
deprive the embryo of oxygen, interfering with its...Until recently, it was not understood how diabetic pregnancy
could cause birth defects. My laboratory wanted to explore this research because the more we know ab...
Cells from amniotic fluid used to tissue-engineer a new trachea
...n, DC. Amniotic fluid is easily collected during pregnancy
and contains unspecialized cells, known as mesenchymal stem cells, that can make many of the tissues needed to perform repairs, Fauza says. While tracheal defects are rare, they're life-threatening: babies born with incomplete, malformed or missing ...
Preventing fetal exposure to popular acne drug
...ls (Accutane's manufacturer) developed a voluntary pregnancy
prevention program (PPP) in 1988 to try and preven...ty (SMART), a program that placed more emphasis on pregnancy
testing and contraception. A study published online October 14, 2005 in Birth Defects Research (Part...
Biomarker test may give early warning of brain woes
...an approach similar to one commonly used in HIV or pregnancy
testing to find bits of axons - nerve fibers that ...t assay. Versions of it are used to test women for pregnancy
and screen patients for HIV. It uses components of the immune system called antibodies, which have a...
Studies on human genome variation provide insight into disease
...sight into human biology and disease. Predicting pregnancy
success Successful human reproduction and the maintenance of early pregnancy
are dependent on a cluster of genes on chromosome 19 called the Luteinizing Hormone/Chorionic Gonad...
Poor pregnancy outcomes linked to increased uric acid
...at the greatest risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy
accompanies preeclampsia, a devastating disorder that affects some 5 percent of first pregnancies and is traditionally diagnosed by increased blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine. The only effective treatment is immediate delivery,...
New ECCO 13 studies probe impact of haematological cancer therapy on future fertility
...hat about 90% of the general population attempting pregnancy
achieve this within the first year. In total, 70 women had completed pregnancies, of whom only one required reproductive intervention. As with the men, significantly more successful attempts at parenthood stemmed from those patients treated with radi...
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