Tag: "premature" at biology news
Doernbecher Children's Hospital scientist earns coveted Javits award
...ildren at risk for CP : infants that survive after premature
birth,full-term babies later discovered to have br...linfection occurs during pregnancy. Critically ill premature
babies areespecially at risk to develop white matter injury from either cause. White matter injury...
Risk of common vaginal infection linked to preterm birth appears higher for blacks
...use of infant deaths yet the underlying causes of premature
birth are not well understood. Reasons for the observed variance in BV rates among racial groups also are not well understood, Dr. Simhan said. There could be genetic differences that relate to why infection rates are different, and maybe some di...
Abnormal fat metabolism underlies heart problems in diabetic patients
...ations occur at an earlier age and often result in premature
death, making heart disease the major killer of diabetic people. But why is heart disease so prevalent among diabetics? To help answer that question, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have been analyzing the fat (li...
Progesterone injections do not prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancies
...L -- Weekly progesterone injections do not prevent premature
births in women pregnant with twins, a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study has found. The result came as a surprise to the researchers, who previously discovered that weekly injections of the naturally occurring hormone, called 17 alp...
Discoverer of Sly Syndrome finds way of delivering medicine to fight rare genetic disorder
...on, vision and hearing problems, heart disease and premature
death. They found that a potentially life-saving enzyme can be induced to cross the blood-brain barrier, a structure which protects the brain from foreign substances, if it is given with the hormone epinephrine. Ever since William S. Sly, M.D., c...
Ethnicity plays a role in neonatal deaths
... at the University of Alberta. As the number of premature
births in North America has increased over the last 20 years, questions have emerged about how best to care for newborns and their mothers, particularly in immigrant populations where inequalities in health outcomes may already exist. In the Unite...
FDA finds no strong link between tomatoes and reduced cancer risk
... would be made in the FDA reviewAlthough it may be premature
to espouse increased consumption of tomato sauce or lycopene for prostate cancer prevention, this area of research remains promising, Giovannucci writes....
JCI Table of Contents -- July 2, 2007
...ding protein calreticulin and RyR2, culminating in premature
release of calcium from cardiac muscle cells, causing stress-induced arrhythmia. An accompanying commentary by Jonathan Lederer and colleagues from University of Maryland and Ohio State University discusses the pathways involved in calcium signalin...
CU researchers solve mystery of how DNA strands separate
...diseases, ranging from predisposition to cancer to premature
aging," said co-author Smita Patel, a biochemistry professor at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in Piscataway, N.J. "Helicases are involved in practically all DNA and RNA metabolic processes." The researchers made their discovery by anchoring ...
Omega-3 fatty acids protect eyes against retinopathy, study finds
...ggest that increasing omega-3 fatty acid intake in premature
infants may significantly decrease the occurrence ...on will test the effects of omega-3 supplements in premature
Promising protein may prevent eye damage in premature babies
... can increase the protein to more normal levels in premature
babies, it should result in healthier blood vessel...dies. This discovery has a big future in helping premature
babies, said Alexander V. Ljubimov, Ph.D., a professor of medicine at UCLA and director of Ophthalmo...
454 sequencing identifies HIV drug resistance at early stage
...sistance mutations present at the 1% level lead to premature
failure of therapy explained Michael Kozal, M.D. the senior author on the study. In the future, hopefully clinicians can use this knowledge to choose better antiretroviral drug combinations that have the ability to suppress these resistant HIV strain...
Ultra deep sequencing identifies HIV drug resistance at early stage
...rains present at the one percent level can lead to premature
failure of therapy, said Kozal. It is our hope that in the future, clinicians can use this knowledge to better choose antiretroviral drug combinations that have the ability to suppress these resistant HIV strains, leading to better clinical responses...
'Wurst' ensures that the respiratory system works
...iratory problems such as impaired lung function in premature
infants. Insects do not have lungs. Rather, thei... because there can be no gas exchange. Help for premature
infants Interestingly, mice and humans also have a single "Wurst" gene. "We assume that this prot...
A fly lamin gene is both like and unlike human genes
...pathies, including forms of muscular dystrophy and premature
aging diseases. The fruit fly Drosophila melanogas...lamin mutations might cause neuromuscular defects, premature
aging, or both. The resemblance of Drosophila lamin phenotypes to human laminopathies provides an in...
Reprogrammed fibroblasts identical to embryonic stem cells
...es to reach that goal. For now, it would simply be premature
and irresponsible to claim that we no longer need eggs for embryonic stem cell research....
Weill Cornell pharmacologist receives prestigious NIH MERIT Award
...NO bioactivity (2004); and reversing or preventing premature
vascular senescence (2005). Other recent Weill Cornell faculty recipients of NIH MERIT awards include Dr. Frederick R. Maxfield, for efforts to better understand the ways in which cell receptors, transporters, lipids and other key molecules move w...
IMS updated recommendations on postmenopausal hormone therapy
... and for the prevention of bone loss in women with premature
menopause. The protective effect of HT on bone mineral density declines after cessation of therapy at an unpredictable rate, although some degree of fracture protection may remain after cessation of HT. The initiation of standard-dose HT is not re...
Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water
INDIANAPOLIS --The growing premature
birth rate in the United States appears to be strongly associated with increased use of pesticides and nitrates, according to work conducted by Paul Winchester, M.D., professor of clinical pediatrics at the Indiana University School of Medicine. He r...
Preterm infants with RDS -- surfactant replacement therapies improves neonatal survival
...Academic Societies Annual Meeting demonstrate that premature
infants with neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrom...ecific procedures and clinical outcomes for 24,883 premature
infants treated for RDS at 191 U.S. hospitals from January 2003 to June 2006. The alternative surfa...
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