Tag: "preventing" at biology news

Penn receives grant for initiative to help understand genes' effects on medications

...ten each year in the hopes of improving health and preventing disease in Americans, these medications do not work as hoped in everyone, and indeed sometimes result in serious side effects. Genetic variability in the response to medications has been known for decades to play a critical role in limiting the effic...

Amgen investigational therapy, AMG 162, increased bone mineral density with twice yearly injection

...excess RANK Ligand. OPG acts as a decoy receptor, preventing RANK Ligand from binding to its receptor, RANK, on the surface of osteoclasts and osteoclast precursors. By binding to RANK Ligand, OPG prevents the formation and activation of osteoclasts and helps keep the bone loss process in check. Amgen devel...

Biologists ID molecular block for social 'cheaters'

...han one inherited trait -- plays a crucial role in preventing "cheaters" from exploiting their neighbors within slime mold colonies that are formed by the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. "What we've found is a molecular block to cheating and the genetic mechanism it relies on-- tying cooperative genes t...

Bovine genome assembled

...me and thereby develop better ways of treating and preventing disease, the bovine genome sequence will serve as a tool for agricultural researchers striving to improve health and disease management of cattle and enhance the nutritional value of beef and dairy products. Sequencing of the bovine genome began in ...

Bovine genome sequence available

...me and thereby develop better ways of treating and preventing disease. Researchers are currently comparing the draft version of the bovine genome sequence with those of the human and other organisms that have already been sequenced. The results of these analyses will be published on public databases in the ...

ASPB opposes ban of GE crops in Butte County Ballot Measure D

...e genetically engineered corn is more effective in preventing a particular pest infestation. Genetically engineered rice, known as Golden Rice, with higher levels of beta carotene will address Vitamin A deficiencies in the diets of people in much of the developing world. This enhanced Golden Rice promises to...

U-M scientists see ubiquitin-modified proteins in living cells

...sosome getting it away from DNA in the nucleus and preventing Jun from continuing its normal gene transcription function," he adds. "This is a new way for the cell to eliminate the function of a transcription factor." U-M scientists also discovered that an E3 ligase binding enzyme called Itch was a key pl...

Study describes basic mechanism in cell growth control involving damaged DNA

... development: a cellular enzyme family involved in preventing replication of damaged genomic material. "Inevitably, the molecular pathways controlling many cellular processes such as DNA repair must interact with those regulating cell division," said Dr. Yue Xiong, professor of biochemistry and biophysics at UN...

Support groups aid women with 'breast cancer gene mutations'

...or not to have surgery or chemotherapy in hopes of preventing the disease. Previous needs assessments have demonstrated that women affected by the genetic mutations are seeking support networks and therapy when no validated model currently exists. In the first prospective study to evaluate the effects of a psyc...

Anti-cholesterol drug treats Alzheimer's disease in mice

...e "active site" of ACAT, jamming its operation and preventing the enzyme from processing cholesterol. Cholesterol is required in the production of the short protein called A peptide, the building block for the amyloid plaque that clogs the brain in Alzheimer's disease, ultimately killing brain cells.In the mous...

Experimental drug prevents vaginal simian HIV transmission in monkeys Science study says

...rsity of Geneva in Geneva, Switzerland. It acts by preventing SHIV (and, when human cells are concerned, HIV) from latching on to cell-surface receptors called CCR5. Although in some settings, HIV may use other receptors to get into cells, the success of PSC-RANTES against SHIV in these experiments suggests tha...

NHGRI seeks next generation of sequencing technologies

...vidualized strategies for diagnosing, treating and preventing disease. Such information could enable doctors to tailor therapies to each person's unique genetic profile. DNA sequencing costs have fallen more than 100-fold over the past decade, fueled in large part by tools, technologies and process improvements...

Study identifies target for preventing sexual transmission of HIV

...on the paper. "Our study focuses on a strategy for preventing transmission of HIV through the vagina. We have id...of infection, that may offer a simple strategy for preventing HIV transmission." "The vast majority of HIV infections in the world are sexually transmitted, most...

Pushing the envelope to overcome HIV drug resistance

...for combating drug resistance more aggressively by preventing a common mode of escape. Such a tool would be of enormous benefit in the worldwide fight against AIDS. Nancy M. King, Moses Prabu-Jeyabalan, Ellen A. Nalivaika, and Celia A. Schiffer: "Combating Susceptibility to Drug Resistance: Lessons from HIV-1 P...

The long road to a promising malaria vaccine started at NYU School of Medicine

...tive Medicine, have devoted decades of research to preventing one of the world's biggest killers. Malaria afflicts hundreds of millions of people, causing up to 3 million deaths every year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. Many of its victims are young children. In a study reported today of more than 2,000...

Normal cells in tumors may aid cancer growth

... drugs and present a new strategy for treating and preventing cancer, says Eng, a recipient of the Doris Duke Distinguished Clinical Scientist Award. The study is published in the Oct. 15 issue of the journal Cancer Research. How the DNA damage occurs in stromal cells isn't yet known, but it might result...

An old adage about apples finds scientific backing

...y chemicals that reduce or prevent oxidation, thus preventing DNA, cell and tissue damage triggered by free radicals in the body. As part of their study, the French scientists split the polyphenols found in apples into two general categories: polyphenol monomers which include flavonoids (catechins and epicatec...

Manipulation of epigenome turns off as many genes as it turns on

...hylation chemical was thought to act indirectly -- preventing re-methylation, so to speak -- as proteins were turned over and recycled in the cell. Because the effects of this agent were similar at both one day and five days after treatment, the researchers suggest the agent might have a more direct effect than...

Common gout drug shown to reduce risk from colorectal cancer

...y chemicals that reduce or prevent oxidation, thus preventing cell and tissue damage resulting from free radicals in the body. "Previous studies have focused on using antioxidants, mainly of nutritional origin, to reduce the risk of cancer," said Dr. Rennert, who also serves as chairman of the Departm...

Consuming fruits and vegetables lowers risk of developing NHL

...vegetables, science has now suggested its value in preventing yet another form of cancer. According to a study presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research Third Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, vegetables, fruits and antioxidant vitamins may reduce...

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(Date:10/15/2014)... an unexpected extent. The outbreak does not follow the ... a new disease dynamic in regions, where it has ... National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, acatech – the German ... the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities have presented ... the statement the academies call for the following consequences ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014   Neurotechnology , a provider ... availability of the VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 software ... real-time biometric face identification using live video streams ... The new version not only identifies faces in ... objects while they are moving through the video ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... house fly genome for the first time, revealing robust ... that thrives in pathogen-rich dung piles and garbage heaps. ... Genome Biology , will increase understanding of house ... adapt to resist insecticides, which could lead to novel ... and transmit more than 100 human and animal diseases, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 3Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 4Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 5VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 2VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 3House fly genome reveals expanded immune system 2
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